For most Chinese, a surname is not only a symbol, but also a Representatives of identity and status. For example, in the royal family, surnames represent the ownership of power. Therefore, these people will be relatively tolerant of people with the same surname, but have a repulsive attitude toward foreign surnames. The last name is even more true for some large families. No matter where their offspring go, as long as the last name is the same, they will have a sense of identity in their hearts.
Because people attach importance to the surname, generally speaking, the name can be changed, But the last name cannot be changed, otherwise it will be considered as forgetting the root. However, not all surnames in history are willing to be accepted by future generations. For example, Qin surname, because Qin surname span class=”candidate-entity-word” data-gid=”205930″ qid=”6537338398200304899″>Song Dynasty Yue Fei and his son were Qin juniper was killed, so Qin’s descendants Qin Dashi was deeply Feeling guilty and ashamed of this surname.
In the Ming Dynasty, there was another surname Zhu Yuanzhang hates that not only does he order everyone with this surname, men are fined for labor, and women are Spending a lifetime in a brothel, this is Pu surname. This surname does not occupy an important place in the Chinese surnames, but in the early days in Quanzhou, Fujian, it was a common surname.
this family The ancestor of is a Pu Shougeng For the descendants of Arab, during the Tang Dynasty, China’s foreign trade was already quite developed, especially with the Western Regions. Due to the opening of the Silk Road, a large number of Arabs came to China They started a trading business in China. These people brought local spices and other specialties to China in exchange for Chinese porcelain and tea, and then shipped them to other countries for sale, thus accumulating a large amount of wealth.
The Chinese government at that time treated Arabs very friendly, not only It has created convenience for their lives in China, and opened a channel for trade exchanges between the two sides. In order to facilitate business with Chinese people, many Arabs transliterated their surnames into the surname Pu, which is the origin of the local surname Pu.
In the Southern Song Dynasty, the central government still treated the Pu family It is quite preferential treatment. Not only did many mosques be built in Quanzhou, but Pu Shougeng also managed the foreign trade business at that time. Therefore, Pu Shougeng has monopolized the spice business in China for many years, which also made his family rich.
However, it was such a businessman who received the preferential treatment of the Southern Song Dynasty government. When the Yuan Army attacked the Southern Song Dynasty, he actually helped the Yuan Army destroy the Song Army. What happened?
People familiar with this history know that After the capital was broken by the Yuan army, Wen Tianxiang supported the young Song Duanzong, later he took the emperor to Quanzhou, at that time Lone Minister Lu Zifu hopes to build a new capital in Quanzhou with the help of Pu Shougeng’s wealth, while resisting the Yuan army’s attack.
At that time, the Yuan army, Wanting to win over Pu Shougeng, Pu Shougeng did not agree at first, but when Shaobao Zhang Shijie borrowed food from Pu Shougeng by ship , Was rejected by the other party. For this reason, Zhang Shijie was very annoyed. He thought that Pu Shougeng had forgotten the benefits, so he snatched Pu Shougeng’s ship. This action annoyed Pu Shougeng. He took refuge in the Yuan army and led the Yuan army to attack the Song army. , Which eventually led to the complete demise of the Southern Song Dynasty.
Although many years have passed, even the later Zhu Yuanzhang could not tolerate Pu Shougeng’s revenge. After he established the Ming Dynasty, he personally ordered that all descendants of the surname Pu, men shall be slaves, and women shall be prostitutes forever, and no one is allowed to intercede for them. Even the descendants of the surname Pu did not despise the behavior of their ancestors. They were ashamed to let people know their identity in order to avoid misfortune. So many of them changed their names and surnames. This also led to the change of names in Quanzhou. The surname Pu, which is the common surname, is now rarely seen.