At No.218 Xinchuan Road, Chuansha Town, Pudong New District, there is a typical Jiangnan official mansion with the head of the”Inner History”. This was built by the ancestor Shen Shuyong, a rubbing expert, calligraphy and painting connoisseur, and a collector of cultural relics, and it was originally called the Shen Family Courtyard. In the ninth year of Xianfeng in the Qing Dynasty (1859), Shen Shuyong was promoted to the cabinet, and the Shen family compound was renamed”Inner History”. It is also a Jiangnan residential house that is rare in China where celebrities gather. Song Qingling, Song Ziwen, Song Meiling, etc. were born here. Famous scholar Hu Shi and other modern celebrities also lived here. Huang Yanpei was born here on October 1, 1878. Therefore, there are many aliases here, such as the Shen Family Courtyard, Neishi Di, Song Family Memorial Place, Huang Yanpei’s Former Residence, etc., which are cultural relics protection units in Shanghai.
Huang Yanpei is a modern Chinese patriot and democratic educator. In 1899, he was admitted as the first scholar in Songjiang Mansion at that time. In 1901, he was admitted to Nanyang Public School (now Shanghai Jiaotong University), and Cai Yuanpei was his Chinese teacher. In 1902, he participated in the Jiangnan Township Examination and won the Juren. He founded Zhonghua Vocational School and participated in the preparations for Nanjing Higher Normal School, Hohai Engineering College (now Hohai University), National Southeast University (now Nanjing University), Shanghai University of Commerce (now Shanghai University of Finance and Economics), Xiamen University and other universities . Joined the Tongmenghui founded by Sun Yat-sen in 1905 and was the initiator of the China Democratic National Construction Association. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Huang Yanpei broke his oath to be an”improper official” and accepted Mao Zedong’s invitation to serve as Vice Premier of the State Council and Minister of Light Industry.
There were more than 100 correspondences between Mao Zedong and Huang Yanpei in their lifetime. In the 100-year history of the Communist Party of China, there was a famous”Cave Dwelling Pair” that happened to Mao Zedong and Huang Yanpei.
At the beginning of July 1945, the Seventh National Congress of the Communist Party of China just concluded. Six democrats including Huang Yanpei, Zhang Boyun, Fu Sinian, Zuo Shunsheng, Chu Fucheng, and Leng Tong visited Yan’an. Mao Zedong went to the airport to meet them in person. During the 5-day inspection in Yan’an, Mao Zedong and Huang Yanpei had a total of 3 in-depth talks.
When Mao Zedong asked Huang Yanpei how he felt about this trip to Yan’an, Huang Yanpei said something like this:I was born more than sixty years ago, and I don’t know what I heard, what I saw with my own eyes is really so-called””It’s booming” and”It’s going to die suddenly.” Many units of one person, family, group, place, and even country have not been able to jump out of this cycle of dominance. In the early days of the establishment, most people focused on doing things, no one did not care, no one did not work hard. Perhaps it was hard and difficult at that time, only to find a life from ten thousand deaths. As the environment gradually improved, the spirit gradually dropped. Some are naturally inertia due to a long period of time, from the minority to the majority, to the development of the atmosphere, although it is strong, it cannot be reversed, and it cannot be remedied. …A piece of history, there are also those who”politics slack and succeed”, there are also those who”deprive the people of politics and rest”, and there are also those who”see for glory and humiliation”. In short, they have not been able to break out of this cycle rate. He hopes that the Chinese Communist Party can find a new way to escape the domination of the cycle rate.
After listening to Huang Yanpei’s insights, Mao Zedong thought for a while, and then said:“We have found a new way, and we can jump out of this cycle rate. This new way is democracy, and only let the people When it comes to supervising the government, the government dare not slacken. Only when everyone rises up to be responsible, will the government die.” Huang Yanpei said:“This is correct.” “Only when the big policy is determined by the public, will the desire for personal achievement not happen. Only by publicizing the affairs of every place to the people of every place, can the land win people and everyone can benefit.”
“Cave Dwelling Pair” and the everlasting”Longzhong Pair” can be used. On par. Its core idea is how to get out of the problem of historical cycle rate. The so-called historical cycle rate refers to the summary of the historical life cycle phenomenon from rise to decline and from survival to death repeatedly displayed by countless regimes in ancient and modern China and abroad. Its essence is a political cycle of rise and fall.
The issue of historical cycle rate raised by”Cave Dwelling Pairs” caused Mao Zedong and other Chinese Communists to think deeply, and took various measures to explore and practice the historical cycle rate. In March 1949, Mao Zedong emphasized at the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee that”we must continue to maintain the style of humility, caution, arrogance, and rashness, and must continue to maintain the style of hard work.” After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Mao Zedong and others attached great importance to the inheritance and promotion of the party’s fine traditions, adherence to the party’s mass line, resolute opposition to subjectivism and bureaucracy, and vigorously strengthened internal party supervision, supervision by democratic parties, and The supervision of the people. Under the new situation of reform and opening up, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, Hu Jintao and other party and state leaders have focused on party building, punishing corruption, maintaining the party’s advanced nature and purity, strengthening the party’s ties with the people, and consolidating the party’s ruling position. Unremitting exploration in many aspects.
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has vigorously promoted strict governance of the Party in an all-round way, put political construction in the first place, vigorously strengthened the Party’s ideals and beliefs education, and strived to inherit the red gene. Leading the whole party with an iron fist in the fight against corruption has achieved an overwhelming victory, the party’s work style has improved significantly, and the relationship between the party and the masses, the relationship between the cadres and the masses has been greatly improved. In the report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping mentioned the historical cycle rate.”Only with the tenacity and perseverance of anti-corruption on the road, deepening both the symptoms and root causes, and ensuring that the cadres are clean and upright, the government is clean, and the politics are clear, can we jump out of the historical cycle rate. To ensure the long-term stability of the party and the country.”
The 100-year-old party is youthful. The Communist Party of China must unite and lead the people of all ethnic groups across the country to achieve the century-old goal of building a modern and powerful socialist country. Only by struggling can we finally jump out of the historical cycle rate and avoid the consequences of death.
(Author Unit:Party School of the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China)
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Column editor:Wang Zhen Text editor:Wang Zhen title picture source:Xinhua News Agency, photo editor:Li Xi