Ling Dingyang is Wen Tianxiang’s sad place.

1278 AD, which is the third year of Jingyan in the Southern Song Dynasty, The 42-year-old Wen Tianxiang took a boat through the Lingding Ocean and saw the undulating sea, surging thoughts, full of tragic and heroic spirit, and created a famous poem that celebrates the ages:

——”Crossing the Lingding Ocean”

Fear on the beach, talk about panic, and sigh with each other.

Since ancient times, who has never died in life, keeps the loyalty and history.

This poem is well-known and very classic.

It allows us to see the last loyal bones of the Southern Song Dynasty. In such a tragic and majestic way, to pay homage to this broken mountain and river, expressing that we would rather die than surrender. Shout.

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Wen Tianxiang”Crossing the Zero Ding Yang”

This poem also made the place name Ling Ding Yang deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, and it was remembered by many people.

Today, let’s talk about Ling Dingyang, the sad place of Wen Tianxiang.

Lingdingyang’s geographic location

Lingdingyang, also known as lingdingyang, is located at the southern tip of mainland China.

In the southern part of Guangdong Province, is the prosperous Pearl River Delta region. The Pearl River, like a bloodline from north to south, nourishes this ever-growing land.

At the very end of the Pearl River system, where the Pearl River merges into the sea, there is a sea area in the shape of a bell mouth.

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Lingdingyang’s geographic location

From the map, it starts from Humen Town, Dongguan in the north, to Hong Kong and Macau in the south, and the entire water area can reach more than 2,000 square kilometers.

This sea area is Lingdingyang.

In 1278, Wen Tianxiang passed through here and wrote the poem”Crossing the Lingding Ocean”.

Today, the surface of Lingdingyang is calm and blue, but 800 years ago, it used to be a sad place, filled with the sorrow of the country’s destruction .

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Lingdingyang scenery

So, why did Wen Tianxiang approach Lingdingyang? And why is the generous tragic song resounding for thousands of years here?

To explain this, we must introduce the turbulent history of the late Southern Song Dynasty.

Eve of Cliff Mountain

1278, for the Southern Song Dynasty, was definitely a tragic and desperate moment.

This year, the Mongols stepped up their steps toward the south. Pushing forward, the Southern Song court chased the coastal areas of Guangdong. Once the Great Song Dynasty, now there is only a bullet left, and there is no retreat.

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Map of China in 1278

In April of this year, Song Duanzong Beng, the minister Zhang Shijie appointed the 8-year-old Wei Wang Zhao Bing as emperor and fled to the Yashan area.

In order to resist the Mongolian army, the Southern Song Dynasty gathered nearly a thousand warships on the sea of ​​Yashan, and gathered more than one hundred thousand soldiers and civilians from the Southern Song Dynasty, intending to fight with the Mongolians. The last desperate fight.

And in December of this year, another bad news came. After repeated defeats in the Southern Song Dynasty, Wen Tianxiang, the prime minister of the Southern Song Dynasty, was captured in Wulingpo, north of Haifeng County in Guangzhou.

The person who arrested him was named Zhang Hongfan, a famous general under Yuan Shizu Kublai.

Zhang Hongfan is the military commander in charge of the entire Mongolian army’s southern expedition to Song, At that time, he was organizing and training naval forces, intending to launch a final general offensive against the remnants of the Southern Song army in the Yashan area.

So after being arrested, Wen Tianxiang, as a captive, boarded a warship of the Yuan Army and sailed out of the Haifeng area of ​​Guangdong towards Yashan.

A decisive battle that will determine the fate of the Southern Song Dynasty is coming soon. This decisive battle is the famous Jiashan naval battle.

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Topographic map of cliffs and mountains

Yashan is located in the south of Xinhui District, Jiangmen City, Guangdong Province today. This is the entrance of the Tanjiang River. Because there is Tangping Mountain in the west and Yashan in the east, the two mountains are like a natural arch, so they are also called Yamen.

It can be seen from the map that starting from Guangdong Haifeng (in the area of ​​Shanwei City, Guangdong Province), going west along the coastline, and finally heading towards Yashan. It happened to pass through Lingdingyang.

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Wen Tianxiang passes through Lingdingyang Route map

In the winter of 1278, Wen Tianxiang was taken as a captive on a warship of the Yuan Army and passed through the Lingding Ocean.

It is conceivable that he, who was on board at the time, witnessed the mighty fleet of the Yuan army, going to attack the last corner of his country. Suffering and pain.

Elegy of Generosity

On the ships of the Yuan Dynasty, Zhang Hongfan also made an unreasonable request to Wen Tianxiang.

Because the Mongols are not familiar with naval battles, more than one hundred thousand soldiers and civilians from the Southern Song Dynasty gathered on the sea of ​​Yashan, so he was very concerned about the upcoming battle. There is no full confidence in naval battles.

Wen Tianxiang has a very high prestige among the military and civilians of the Southern Song Dynasty. Therefore, Zhang Hongfan wants Wen Tianxiang to write a letter of persuasion to persuade the Zhang Shijie surrendered.

In this regard, Wen Tianxiang gave a firm and tough answer, and rejected Zhang Hongfan’s request:

“I can’t defend my parents, but teach others to betray their parents, can I care?”

I was born unable to defend my parents, but to persuade others to betray their parents, how can there be such a reason in the world?

However, Zhang Hongfan ignored Wen Tianxiang’s response and still forced him to write a letter of persuasive surrender.

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Wen Tianxiang

In order to show that he would rather die than surrender, Wen Tianxiang wanted to write poetry. At this time, the ship was traveling on the Lingding Ocean. He looked at the undulating waters overboard, recalling the difficulties and ups and downs of the War of Resistance against Yuan for many years, and wrote this famous”Crossing the Dingyang” as a counterpoint to Zhang Hongfan. Replies.

Since ancient times, who has never died in life, keeps his heart and his history.

When Zhang Hongfan saw these two lines in the poem, he finally knew that Wen Tianxiang’s determination was as solid as a rock, and it was impossible to reverse it. Can only smile awkwardly, helplessly give up.

In this way, this famous song”Crossing the Lingling Dingyang” was born in the world and sung through the ages…

And only 3 months later, in March of 1279, the Battle of Yashan finally broke out. Zhang Hongfan led the fleet to launch a general offensive against the Southern Song army in Yashan. Seeing that there was no hope of resistance, more than 100,000 soldiers and civilians of the Southern Song Dynasty jumped into the sea and died for the country. The prime minister Lu Xiufu also committed suicide by jumping into the sea carrying the 8-year-old emperor. The Southern Song Dynasty completely perished.

At that time, Wen Tianxiang was also at Yashan. He witnessed all this happening with his own eyes as a captive.

It is conceivable that his heart was bleeding…

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After this, Wen Tianxiang was captured and went northward and was taken to Yuandadu (today Beijing). He would rather die than surrender. Five years later, he would settle down on the streets of Beijing.

When he died, he bowed to the south, and the direction he was heading was exactly where Yashan and Lingdingyang were.

This is not what it used to be

A bay of Lingdingyang has become Wen Tianxiang’s sad place, and it has become all the Southern Song Dynasty of that era The pain of the subjects.

However, after more than 800 years of time have passed, and now in the 21st century, this small ocean has become a symbol of the revival and rise of the Chinese nation.

On December 15, 2009, the construction of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge officially started Construction; only 9 years later, that is, October 24, 2018, this magnificent century project was officially completed and opened to traffic.

The place where this bridge spans is exactly the Lingdingyang that made Wen Tianxiang sad and weeping more than 800 years ago.

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Across the individual The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge over the ocean

A bridge, like a ribbon spread on the waves and blue waves, connects Zhuhai, Macau and Hong Kong have tied the hearts of all Chinese people together.

A bridge was born with the fastest construction speed, proving the majestic pace of the rise of the Chinese nation.

We might be able to assume that if Wen Tianxiang, who had passed through Lingdingyang, could see the majestic bridge across the ocean today, would it still So scared and sad?

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Conclusion

Han Yu, a great writer in Tang Dynasty, once said:”Yan Zhao There are many generous and tragic people”. In fact, is it only the scholars of Yanzhao who are generous and sad?

Like Wen Tianxiang, he can stand up when the country is in peril, and when the mud and sand is under the mud, he can swear to the death, even if he is defeated and captured, he can write so energetic The inspiring poem has inspired generations of Chinese descendants. This kind of person is the true generosity and tragedy.

It is with such people that our nation can prosper for thousands of years, like a port across the ocean. Like the Zhuhai-Macao Bridge, it is majestic and magnificent, solid and long.

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