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1977 Nian 1 Yue 19 days:are considered”Tokyo Rose” Tokuri Ikuko received an amnesty from the US President Gerald Ford and his American citizenship was restored.
[Sasha Lecture History Hall 1429th Issue] (Lecture 450 in Military Series)
Tokyo Rose was one of Japan’s psychological warfare units during World War II. They were all women.
At that time, Tokyo Radio gathered a group of female announcers to use radio to conduct psychological warfare against the US military. In addition to the content of the program, I hope that the female announcer’s sexy and soft voice will arouse the US military’s nostalgia and war exhaustion, and arouse their sexual desire.
These female announcers are called Tokyo Roses by the US military.
One of the most famous is Ikuko Toli.
Strictly speaking, Toguri Ikiko is not a Japanese, but an American.
She was born in Los Angeles, USA in 1916, both of her parents are Japanese Americans. Tokuri Ikuko has lived in the United States since she was a child. There are very few Japanese in her life, and she is no different from American girls.
Her studies are also good. She successfully graduated from the University of California, Los Angeles, studying zoology.
Touri Ikuko has been fond of animals since she was a child, and wants to be a scholar who studies animals.
In 1941 Before the outbreak of the Pacific War in July 1970, she was sent back to her hometown in Japan by her father to take care of her seriously ill aunt. The father promised that even if his aunt did not die, he would take her back in half a year.
The 25-year-old Toguri Yuko is an American at all, and is extremely uncomfortable with the Japanese lifestyle and environment.
I have been in contact with American girls since I was a child. I have very few Japanese friends. Ikuko Tokuri can’t even speak Japanese.
Just one month after arriving in Japan, Ikuko Toguri wrote to his father asking to go back.
My father severely stopped her and made her stay.
So, Ikuri Tokuri thought that he could survive until January 1942 and return to his own home in the United States.
December Japan’s sudden sneak attack on Pearl Harbor, this pair of Tokuri Ikuko was like a bolt from the blue.
Even so, Toguri Ikiko does not consider herself a Japanese, and still applies to the Japanese government to return to the United States.
To Li Yuzi’s father sent an urgent telegram to tell her not to return to China for the time being. At the time, it was rumored that the US government would arrest all Japanese Americans.
Facts have proved that this statement is correct.
On February 19, 1942, two and a half months after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order No. 9066 to remove all Japanese Americans Moved to a detention camp and placed under residential surveillance.
Before this bill, California, where Tokuri Ikiko lived, had begun to exclude Japanese Americans.
The licenses of Japanese lawyers and doctors were suddenly revoked, and Japanese fishermen were forbidden to go to sea.
In the data Write it like this:On the bus, Japanese are forbidden to sit in their seats; in the queue at the post office to buy stamps, if any Japanese diaspora is at the front of the line, he will get”Go back, Jap”The reprimand. The gas station refused to sell gasoline to the Japanese nationals, the milk delivery workers refused to continue to serve the Japanese nationals, and even the public toilets claimed not to receive them. The sign of a barber shop even says that Japanese citizens should not come to this shop to have a haircut, so as to prevent the barber from getting angry and cutting your throat.
In this case, Toguri Ikiko was forced to stay in Japan.
She is an American and was embarrassed by repeated investigations by the super police.
The police threatened her and asked her to give up her American citizenship and choose to naturalize in Japan. Tokuri Ikuko thought that he would not be able to see his parents again, and flatly refused.
Hu Li Yuzi did not have a job, and had always depended on his father to send money to make a living. Now that both his parents are arrested, Huli Yuzi has lost his source of support. She looked for a job everywhere, because she was an American, and she was not fluent in Japanese, so she couldn’t find it at all.
Fortunately , She has relatively good English reading and writing skills and is good at typing. She was recruited as an English typist by the Alliance News Agency.
Later, she was transferred to Tokyo Radio.
Toguri Ikiko is an American. She speaks English better than Japanese. She was quickly favored by her superiors and promoted to editor.
At this time, Toli Ikiko was still trying to return to the United States, but the war became more and more fierce and all roads were blocked.
At this time, she received a telegram from her father and got a bad news.
Huli Yuzi’s mother has been in poor health. This time she died of illness on the way to the detention camp.
Yuzi is very sad, thinking that the death of his mother is the result of the US government’s abuse of Japanese descent. She began to hate the United States and wanted revenge.
At this time, Tokyo Radio suddenly notified that she had been selected as the announcer.
At first, Ikuko Touri didn’t know what the announcer was, and received several months of relevant training.
During the period, the trainer praised Hu Li Yuzi for her voice and talent in broadcasting. She also thought that she had a university education, was knowledgeable and very witty, and was very suitable for this job.
Especially, Tokuri Ikuko herself looks plain, but her voice is very delicate and soft.
If you live for a few decades, Ikuko Tokuri can be a voice actor in the AV industry without much effort.
By the end of the training, Ikuko Huli was told that he would participate in a psychological war against the United States, specifically for inflammatory broadcasts on the US military, with a monthly salary of $6.
Toguri Ikiko must do everything possible to arouse the nostalgia of the US military and a strong desire for women, and to undermine their morale.
Touri Ikuko was taken aback and accepted the task.
Actually, She also has no right to refuse. If you dare to refuse, what awaits her is a prison, after all, she is an American.
In addition, she can also use work to avenge her mother
What made Tokuri Ikiko unexpectedly, she turned out to be the most important Tokyo rose.
Her show is called”Moment Zero”, which is quite witty, humorous and witty. In addition to broadcasting wartime news provided by Japan, the”Zero Point” program will broadcast some American pop music and country folk songs.
US soldiers are fascinated by Touri Yuko’s sexy and gentle voice, and often listen in the trenches and tents at night.
One person The American sailor once said:At that time, everyone liked to listen to Tokyo Rose’s radio, especially listening to a girl speaking authentic American words on the radio. It was really a special romance.
Toguri Ikiko said most often, that is:American soldiers, your reinforcements are not coming back, your support ships are all sunk by the Japanese Empire. You are abandoned orphans, so pitiful. While you were lying in the dirty trenches, your wife and girlfriend were dating other men, sleeping on warm beds.
Ikuko’s voice reminded the American soldiers of his girlfriend or wife, and the warmth of the family.
In the early days of the war, Tokuri Ikiko’s propaganda was somewhat useful.
As the Japanese army retreats steadily and the U.S. army wins consecutive battles, no soldier believes Touri Ikuko’s nonsense. However, her show is still very popular.
It is very funny that some American soldiers painted the cartoon of Tokyo Rose on the nose of the plane as a satire.
Some soldiers even tattooed Tokyo Rose on their arms.
It’s 1945 In July 2015, the Japanese homeland had been bombed in disarray.
Toguri Ikuko felt a great danger.
She is very famous, and if Japan surrenders, I am afraid it will be unlucky.
In this case, the cunning Tokuri Ikuko married Japanese Portuguese Philip. Her wishful thinking is that Portugal, where Philip is located, is a neutral country and can move freely in the belligerent countries.
As long as Japan surrenders, Toguri Ikiko will leave here with her husband and fled to Portugal or Brazil to avoid war trials.
Unfortunately, people are not as good as heaven.
The speed of Japan’s surrender was too fast. It announced its surrender after only one month, and Ikuko Toguri had no time to escape.
She was under residential surveillance by the US military, and Hu Li Yuzi’s colleagues were arrested and sentenced to many years in prison.
At this time , Tokuri Ikuko played a trick, admitting that he was the Tokyo Rose, and also declared that he was an American.
In this way, Toguri Ikiko would not be tried as a Japanese war criminal and escaped the Japanese trial.
At the same time, Tokuri Ikuko became famous for a while, and many media were willing to pay a high price (you can buy a house in Tokyo) to interview her. She also accepted an interview and made some money.
It’s just that Ikuko Touri counted and counted herself in.
Although she is not Japanese, she will not be regarded as a war criminal, but she can still be regarded as a traitor.
1949 , The U.S. government arrested Hu Li Yuzi on the pretext of treason. She is an American but helps the enemy fight, which is obviously treason.
In the end, Ikuko Touri was sentenced to 10 years in prison and deprived of American citizenship.
After 6 years in jail, Hu Li Yuzi argued that he was just reading the manuscript and had no right to choose not to do it.
Furthermore, Tokyo Rose is not the only one, she should not be the responsibility of her.
Interesting Yes, after Hu Li Ikuko was imprisoned, many U.S. military officers and soldiers complained about grievances, hoping to give her an amnesty.
The reason is that Tokyo Rose’s sweet and sexy voice has accompanied them through difficult years. Many American soldiers just vowed to fight to Tokyo and capture the Tokyo Rose alive, and they survived.
Subsequently, Touri Ikuko was released.
It’s 1977 In 1988, President Ford of the United States granted him an amnesty and restored Ikuko Touri’s US citizenship.
On September 26, 2006, Tokuri Ikuko passed away in Chicago at the age of 90.
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