American technology giant IBM The company previously announced that it had successfully manufactured a 2nm process chip in its laboratory to achieve the latest breakthrough in the chip field. This is definitely a remarkable achievement.
Chips are widely used in mobile phones, computers and other equipment. The manufacturing process of their manufacturing technology is often calculated in nanometers. The lower the number means More advanced means smaller size, higher performance, and lower power consumption.
At present, the most widely used chips are the 7nm process and above, and the most advanced are the 5nm chips produced by Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd., only in iPhone12 and other high-end models.
IBM has successfully developed a 2-nanometer chip, which represents the latest milestone in this field. IBM said that compared to the widely used 7-nanometer chip, the performance of the 2-nanometer chip is increased by 45%, energy consumption It is substantially reduced by 75%.
2-nanometer process chip means 50 billion Transistors are stuffed into”nail cap-sized chips”. The last breakthrough in the process was the 5nm chip in 2017, which put 30 billion transistors into it.
This is definitely a breakthrough. Semiconductor manufacturers go from 14nm to 10nm to 7nm. 7nm is already a real challenge for us. This new process can be used in artificial intelligence equipment, because the current artificial intelligence field often requires two processors, For example, another powerful graphics card. Specifically, greatly reducing energy efficiency is useful in personal devices, while performance improvements are beneficial to giant data centers.
For general consumers, the new technology enables chips to reduce energy consumption by 75%. The potential advantage is that the battery life can be extended by four times. This is currently common in the mobile phone industry.”One charge per day” is expected to achieve”one charge for four days”, which will greatly improve user experience.
This technology may gradually step out of the laboratory in the next few years, and finally be assembled into the mobile phone, becoming the latest device in the hands of users.