Beijing’s historical health institution—Taiwan Hospital was established in the fourth year of Jintianhui (1126). It has grown from more than a dozen people to more than 100 people in the Qing Dynasty, and eventually died out in the first year of the Republic of China (1912). . During the more than 780 years of the existence of the Imperial Hospital, there are many imperial physicians who have served in it and have been passed down to later generations.
Remove the evil to be positive-the first of the four masters of Jinyuan MedicineZhang Congzheng
Portrait of Zhang Congzheng
Many schools of Chinese medicine during the Jin and Yuan dynasties have generated academic disputes. The most representative ones are Hejian, Yishui, Gongxie and Danxi Four universities. Zhang Congzheng is the representative of the school of attacking evil. The connection between Zhang Congzheng’s name and the faction he founded has even more meaning of”eliminating evil in order to be upright”.
There was a baby crying for days and nights. After Zhang Congzheng received the doctor and got his pulse, he asked him to bathe the baby with warm water until the body sweated. After the bath, the baby stopped crying. It turned out to be”the heart fire even rides on the lungs, and the lungs are not bent, so cry…sweat, the lung heat dissipates. The bath stops but the cry stops.” It is enough to make parents soak in a bath and sweat. Healing is also wonderful.
There is another monk who has a headache. Many doctors cannot dialectically prescribe medicine. After Zhang Congzheng received the doctor, he was placed on a charcoal fire to warm him to make him sweat and induce emesis.”The fire is caused by depression, and it is caused by sweating, so that it can be evacuated.” The headache is relieved significantly.
This is the medical record recorded in Zhang Congzheng’s book”Confucian Family Matters”. Despite the age, it seems to have happened in our daily life. He talked about the evil spirit at the beginning of the disease, and proposed that the evil spirit must be eliminated first in the treatment of the disease. In terms of treatment, it has enriched and developed the three methods of sweating, vomiting and lowering, forming a unique style of attacking evil and curing diseases, making contributions to the pathogenesis and treatment methods of Chinese medicine, and also enriching and developing theories of Chinese medicine system.
Book and Shadow of”Confucianism”
Zhang Congzheng was born in 1156 and died in 1228, with the word Zihe, Suizhou from Gaocheng Township, Kaocheng County (now Wutun Village, Wangzhuangzhai Township, Minquan County, Henan Province). Zhang Congzheng called himself”Dairen” because his hometown was Dai Guo during the Spring and Autumn Period. When he was more than ten years old, he studied medicine with his father, read medical books, and studied medical theory in depth. He was diligent and self-motivated.
At the age of more than 20, Xuanhu attended the doctor, and became a famous doctor in the middle age. Jin Xuanzong During the Xingding reign (1217-1222), Zhang Congzheng received an edict to supplement the imperial doctor, but because he was not willing, soon Resigned and returned home, lectured on medical science, and wrote books. Although he worked in the Taiyuan Hospital for a short time, the medical achievements of this imperial physician should not be underestimated, ranking first among the”Four Famous Doctors in Jinyuan”.
Zhang Congzheng has written a lot in his life. In addition to the 15 volumes of 10 types of”Confucianism”, there are also the first volume of”Heart Mirror Collection”, the second volume of”Zhang’s Experience Prescriptions”, and”Zhang Zihezhi” The first volume of”Summary of Diseases” and the second volume of”Secret Legend Recipe” have been handed down.
Achievement lies outside Qihuang——Yuan Shizu appointed the imperial physician Xu Guozhen
According to legend, one day, the Yuan Emperor visited the garden and saw a white skin wins snow The beauty was strolling gracefully in the garden, hurriedly summoned to look carefully before driving, and found that it was Zhang Guifei who had not met for a long time. This concubine Zhang was also loved by Emperor Yuan when she entered the palace, but as time passed, her face faded and she was slowly left out. At this time, Concubine Zhang’s skin was like fat, red lips, white teeth, and beautiful. The Emperor Yuan was greatly admired, so he asked about the reason, and Concubine Zhang talked out the mystery of her”beauty”. She mashed the rare Chinese herbal medicine for whitening skin with Qiwei as the end, formulated it into pills, grinds the juice in the porcelain, and has the effect of whitening, nourishing, and anti-wrinkle.
Emperor Yuan heard that Hou Longyan was happy, and ordered his concubines in the harem to follow this prescription for beauty and whitening. Concubine Zhang Gui was once again favored by Emperor Yuan, and the prescription was passed down to later generations in the”Yuyaoyuan Prescription” and named”Qibai Gao”.
Although it was not available to the people of the imperial court in the past, today it seems that they are all available for beauty. Fragrant Angelica, Baizhu, Atractylodes macrocephala each 10 parts, Bletilla striata 5 parts, Asarum, White aconite, White tuckahoe each 3 parts. After grinding the above-mentioned drugs into fine powder, use egg white to make pellets the size of marbles and dry in the shade. Use this product to dissolve the surface with warm water every night before going to bed to have the effect of whitening and wrinkle removal. It’s so simple and easy, do you want to make one by yourself? !
Xu Guozhen not only has extraordinary medical skills, he is also an outspoken imperial physician, and won the trust of Kublai Khan. Once, Princess Beisa suffered from an eye disease, and the doctor made a mistake in acupuncture and injured her eyes. Yuan Shizu Kublai was very angry and wanted to punish the doctor for death. When Xu knew it, he calmly remonstrated:”The sin is a death, but it is because of the terror. Who dares to return?”
Yuan Shizu Kublai Khan After enlightenment, he pardoned the doctor. While taking care of the emperor’s health, he assisted the emperor in governing state affairs. In history, there are only a handful of people who have been able to participate in government affairs as an imperial physician and have won the emperor’s trust. Xu Guozhen is such an excellent imperial physician who both healed the emperor and helped the emperor to govern the country. After Xu Guozhen’s death, the Yuan Dynasty government gave him a high evaluation, posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous posthumous constitution, and posthumously named Ji Guozheng.
China’s NutritionThe first monograph-Yuan Taiyi Hu Sihui
Volume 1″Food Taboos”:Health-preserving taboos, pregnancy food taboos, nursing mothers food taboos, drinking taboos, etc.;
Volume 2″Raw materials, beverages and diet”:health-preserving taboos, pregnancy food taboos Avoid food, breastfeeding food, drinking alcohol, and gathering rare dishes, etc.;
Volume 3″Food, vegetables, various meats and fruits, etc.”.
Book Shadow of”Drinking and Dining Zheng Yao”
The catalog name of this book should be a popular health book in Wangfujing Bookstore. In fact, it is indeed a health book. It is just a nutrition and health book compiled in Beijing, the capital of the Yuan Dynasty, more than 600 years ago.
Since ancient times, Chinese traditional medicine has had the concept of”medicine and food homology”. Many foods are both food and medicine. Food and medicine can prevent and treat diseases. This is often referred to as”diet therapy.” Therefore, I have to talk about this very important nutritionist in the history of dietary therapy and medical development in my country-Hu Sihui.
Hu Sihui inherited the long tradition of combining food, nourishment, and medicine in previous generations, and rich experience in diet therapy and health preservation, especially the famous Tang Dynasty medical expertsSun Simiao’s academic theories and opinions. He emphatically discussed the dietary therapy theory of”food for nourishment, no cure, no medicine”, and emphasized the role and status of dietary therapy in medicine.
The birth and death year of Hu Sihui is unknown. Yuan Dynasty Mongolian (one said the Huihui people in the Yuan Dynasty), in the palace Mainly serving the empress dowager and queen in the post of the emperor.
In the third year of the Yuan Dynasty (1330), Hu Sihui led the completion of the compilation of”Zheng Yao”. Turning to the history of Chinese diet and nutrition and medicated diet, it is necessary to put”The Right to Eat” to an extremely important position. This is not only a precious palace recipe, but also the first existing nutrition monograph in our country. The book formulated recipes with nutritional value, highlighting the value of diet in health care and prolonging life, and advocated that people should pay attention to nutrition adjustments and take as little medicine as possible. It is also my country’s first monograph on food hygiene, which has made great contributions to the development and dissemination of my country’s health care knowledge.
In addition, Hu Sihui put forward his own opinions on prenatal education in”Drinking Zheng Yao”, and is known as the world’s first person in prenatal education.”Sages are more sensitive, so you should avoid seeing mourning clothes, broken bodies, disabled, and poor people during pregnancy; you should see virtuous, festive, and beautiful things. If you want to be more intelligent, watch carps and peacocks; if you want to be beautiful, watch pearls and jade; If you want to be majestic, watch flying eagles and walking dogs.” This statement is also a reference for future generations to study prenatal education.
(This article is from the third issue of”Beijing Local Chronicles” in 2020. The author works in the Municipal Party History Research Office and the Municipal Local Chronicles Office. The picture is provided by the author)