In Shiyan Danjiangkou, there is a 90-year-old man named Zhang Wenkui. In the eyes of the neighbors, he is an ordinary veteran who has been retired for many years. Every time when a community organization fills in the information collection form for veterans, Zhang Wenkui’s son Zhang Shenggang always fills in”none” under the question of whether he has won military service.
It’s not that Zhang Shenggang wants to keep Low-key, but Zhang Wenkui never mentioned to his son the past of joining the army in the past.
Not only is Zhang Wenkui’s son Zhang Shenggang ignorant of his father’s history in the army, the whole family does not know that Zhang Wenkui is in the army Honors obtained in.
No one would have thought that this seemingly ordinary veteran participated in the War of Resistance Against Japan at the age of 17; joined China at the age of 19. The Communist Party later participated in the Huaihai Battle, the Battle of Crossing the River, the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, etc., and it has experienced hundreds of battles throughout his life.
These battles brought Zhang Wenkui countless honors:Huaihai Campaign Medal, Crossing the River Medal, Southwest Campaign Medal, Central South Campaign Medal, War Memorial Medal to Resist US Aid Korea…
These commemorative medals for participating in the battle also write about Zhang Wenkui’s glorious past.
But Zhang Wenkui wrapped these honorary medals in cloth and carefully placed them in the bedside cabinet , At the same time, the glorious years of joining the army have been sealed in a corner of history, and even Zhang Wenkui has never revealed anything to his family.
For so many years, Zhang Wenkui’s wife Yue Guiying did not know that her husband had fought a lot of battles, and his youngest son Zhang Shenggang did not know that his father had been such a hero.
Although Zhang Wenkui lived in Danjiangkou City for 60 years , But Zhang Wenkui’s hometown is not in Danjiangkou City.
Zhang Wenkui’s hometown is in Shanxi ProvinceChangzhi City Nanxianquan Village, Xichi Township, Shangdang District.
In 1928, Zhang Wenkui was born in this ordinary small village.
Zhang Wenkui has 6 brothers and sisters, he is the youngest, ranking seventh. But Zhang Wenkui’s family is very poor, and the child’s survival rate is very low.
The six brothers and sisters are all due to various Unfortunately for this reason, Zhang Wenkui died suddenly from the seventh in the family to the only child in the family.
As the saying goes,”Fortune is unparalleled, and misfortune never comes singly”. On the third day after Zhang Wenkui’s birth, Zhang Wenkui’s mother passed away.
In other words, Zhang Wenkui lost his mother almost at birth, and grew up with his father’s hands.
In Zhang Wenkui’s childhood memories, except for the impoverished home, the most impressive thing was the numerous atrocities committed by the Japanese invaders against the people in his hometown.
Since the full outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War in 1937, the Japanese invaders’ fronts have expanded rapidly, and in just a few months they invaded and occupied most of the land in North China. At that time, Shanxi The region was not spared either.
At that time, Zhang Wenkui’s father was invaded by Japan The person interrupted his arm. As a result of not getting timely treatment, Zhang Wenkui’s father became disabled for life.
Although Zhang Wenkui’s father broke an arm, he still saved his life. This is a blessing in misfortune.
In those tragic and turbulent years, the innocent fellow villagers were not so lucky and were brutally killed by the Japanese invaders. .
In the face of the shameless and brutal Japanese invasion of China, Zhang Wenkui was full of hatred.
From then on, Zhang Wenkui decided, Must go to the army!
Zhang Wenkui Secretly vowed to slay the enemy bravely on the battlefield and avenge his fellow villagers and his disabled father!
In June 1945, Zhang Wenkui, who had just turned 17 years old, had already taken up his arms and participated in the anti-Japanese rescue team and made a lot of credit.
Because Zhang Wenkui performed extremely well on the battlefield, he was appointed as the captain of the local Anti-Japanese Militia. This was also the first time in Zhang Wenkui’s life that he served as a leader and Organizational work.
In just two short years, Zhang Wenkui deeply understood the importance of the people and the power of the people Leading the fathers and villagers to actively cooperate with the People’s Liberation Army in combat, and achieved one victory after another.
March 7, 1947, 19 years old Zhang Wenkui finally got his wish, joined the Communist Party and became a glorious party member.
Not long after Zhang Wenkui joined the Communist Party, in September 1947, Zhang Wenkui mobilized six other young people in the village to join the army.
Because Zhang Wenkui is the only son in the family, and his father is very old, the army took this into consideration when recruiting, and took great care of Zhang Wenkui, so he persuaded him Consider again.
“You are an only child and your father has a disability Life is very inconvenient. Someone needs to take care of him at home. You don’t need to join the army. Leading the militia in the village is like doing a revolution.” The leader said.
Because of Zhang Wenkui’s special family situation, the troops considered very meticulously. I want Zhang Wenkui to take care of his family first, and not consider joining the army for the time being. But Zhang Wenkui was determined and couldn’t say anything.
Zhang Wenkui answered like this:“The other six comrades are all my work. Let me now How can I explain to them if I stay? Besides, as a young man, I have experience in warfare. I should go to the front and fight side by side with comrades.”
Zhang Wenkui’s resolute attitude also made the comrades in the army helpless who are doing ideological work. Moreover, after Zhang Wenkui’s father learned of this, he fully supported Zhang Wenkui to fight on the front line.
Zhang Wenkui’s father told Zhang Wenkui:“My baby, I have no objection to you going to fight in the army. But when you are in the army, don’t let me run as a deserter ashamed. I can deal with it by myself at home, don’t worry.”
Father supports Zhang Wenkui’s decision very much, but Zhang Wenkui is the only child in the family after all.
When Zhang Wenkui was sent away to join the army, his father still shed tears.
In this way, Zhang Wenkui took the advice of his old father to the front line and became a soldier of the 27th Brigade of the Ninth Column of the Shanxi-Hebei-Luyu Military Region.
February 1948, the situation of the Liberation War The more brilliant. The Kuomintang army was beaten thousands of miles by our soldiers, and there is no ability to fight back. Sooner or later, it will be defeated.
At this time, the PLA’s offensive can be said to be sweeping across thousands of troops. As Liu and Deng’s army leaped thousands of miles into the Dabie Mountains, Commander Qin Jiwei led the ninth column across the Yellow River and marched bravely towards the western Henan region.
After conquering eight hundred milesFuniu Mountain, the ninth The column did not dare to relax, and continued to fight back and forth, conquering 15 counties in a row, which can be said to be frequent successes.
During this period, Zhang Wenkui’s troops successively conquered Luoyang, Nanyang, opened up a whole new situation in the Central Plains battlefield, and made a great contribution to the victory of the entire battle.
On October 22, 1948, the Zhengzhou Campaign officially started. Zhang Wenkui’s army was the 27th Brigade of the Ninth Column of the Shanxi-Hebei-Lu-Yu Field Army. The main force of the war.
The Zhengzhou battle was a fierce battle during the War of Liberation In a battle in this battle, the casualties on both sides of this battle are very large, and the crisis is full of crises, which is more complicated than the battlefield described in the film and television drama.
On the bright side, this battle around Zhengzhou only took one day, and our army wiped out the enemy. With more than 11,000 people, the final victory was finally won. Zhengzhou, a strategic town in the Central Plains region, ushered in liberation (data sourced from Guang’an Daily) .
And Zhang Wenkui’s 27th brigade also achieved significant results, capturing more than a thousand enemies in total.
Subsequently, Zhang Wenkui was arranged by the head of the army to escort these prisoners to the Funiu Mountain Revolutionary Base for education and resettlement work.
In the battle, Zhang Wenkui was brave; after the war, he was assigned the important task of transporting prisoners of war. It can be seen that Zhang Wenkui was highly valued by the army leaders at the time. appreciation.
During the”Huaihai Battle” period, Zhang Wenkui was transferred to the guard regiment of the 45th Division, mainly responsible for logistics. Security work and security work of the chiefs.
Regardless of the front-line battlefield or the logistics guard, Zhang Wenkui has always performed his duties and performed his duties with due diligence, doing his best, and performing very well.
At that time, although Zhang Wenkui’s army had many artillery, it was not enough The cannon equipment team. The troops usually capture the enemy’s artillery on the battlefield for their own use, and use the enemy’s equipment to strengthen and equip themselves.
But the war is ruthless, and the weapons sent to the battlefield are often”seriously wounded.” There were a lot of captured artillery pieces, but only after they were used for use, they discovered that there were problems of one kind or another, which caused these weapons to be unable to be equipped to our troops in the first time.
As long as the mind does not slip, the method is always more difficult many.
If there is a problem with the weapon, we need a lot of professionals who understand weapon maintenance.
In December 1948, because Zhang Wenkui had a clever mind and strong learning ability, the head of the army sent him to the newly liberated Zhengzhou to learn artillery. Maintenance knowledge, hoping to train another technical professional for the army.
Zhang Wenkui did not live up to the expectations of the organization, studied hard, and finally mastered the knowledge of cannon repair.
After finishing his study and life, Zhang Wenkui began to take over the cannons damaged on the battlefield and became an official artilleryman.
From then on, Zhang Wenkui and the artillery formed Indissoluble bond, became a technical professional.
In February 1949, the”War of Liberation” entered the later stage, and Zhang Wenkui’s ninth column was incorporated into the The 15th Army of the Fourth Corps of the Second Field Army was commanded by Qin Jiwei.
After the reorganization of the Fifteenth Army, it smoothly advanced to the edge of the Yangtze River and made the preliminary preparations for the battle of crossing the river.
After reaching the north bank of the Yangtze River, all the troops, including Zhang Wenkui’s troops, were looking for ships and building ships, preparing for the later battle of crossing the river, just waiting for an order. The Thousand Sails Race.
After completing the preliminary preparations for the battle of crossing the river, the soldiers of the unit are all ready to go, ready to fight at any time.
When Zhang Wenkui in his later years recalled the battle that took place decades ago, he was still very impressed:
“Du When the Jiang battle started, I was in the artillery camp, mainly responsible for firing smoke bombs on the surface of the river to cover the troop crossing the river. The artillery fired tens of thousands of artillery pieces, and millions of powerful divisions, like a raging storm, rushed straight to the south bank of the Yangtze River. The scene was very unstoppable. Spectacular and still vividly remembered.”
During the War of Liberation, our army The equipment of the army is still relatively backward, and the materials are also very scarce. Even the artillery is a rare object, let alone military equipment such as automobiles.
In order to transport materials, our soldiers can only rely on horses, mules and other livestock for transportation. But at the hardest time, horses are very rare, and there are not even roads.
In this case, if some firearms, bullets or logistic materials are transported, our army can barely support it. What should I do when some large weapons are needed on the battlefield?
Then you can only bite the bullet.
For example, heavy equipment such as very heavy cannons can only be dragged by humans. The difficulty is evident.
It is no exaggeration to say that the artillery at the time was the most difficult and onerous among all the arms on the battlefield.
But on the battlefield, there has never been any The artillery soldiers shouted a tired word, because they know that every drop of sweat and every drop of blood shed is to contribute to the ultimate victory of our army!
At that time, Zhang Wenkui’s army chose the crossing point on the other side of Jiujiang, Jiangxi.
They started crossing the river at 6 o’clock in the morning, and the process was very smooth. It only took an hour to cross the Yangtze River at 7 o’clock.
After the soldiers of our army crossed the Yangtze River in batches, the battle conditions can be described as a flat river, sweeping thousands of troops, the enemy was smashed thousands of miles, and fled watching the wind. When the entire army crossed the river smoothly, it came all the way to the Jiangxi region.
In this period, most of the Kuomintang soldiers saw the situation clearly and had no intention of fighting, let alone the willpower to persist in fighting.
Our army pursued the victory by winning and hitting Jiangxi’s Shangrao area.
After hitting the Shangrao area, our army knew the truth about eagerness, didn’t pause too much, and then pursued the enemy until it hit. Fujian, Zhejiang, and finally came all the way to Guangzhou.
The battle has reached this stage, Where is Zhang Wenkui The troops also received a new marching order-marching into Guangxi to eliminate Bai Chongxi’s troops.
The troops led by Bai Chongxi retreated in a row under the pursuit of our army and tried to retreat south to Hainan Island. However, most of their troops were wiped out by our army and lost their strength. Seeing the situation, Bai Chongxi led the rest of his troops to flee abroad in a hurry.
Returning to the subject, after Zhang Wenkui’s troops won victory in Guangxi, they attacked Guizhou again in 1950, launched a campaign to enlarge the southwest and liberated Guizhou and Yunnan.
This time the Kuomintang troops in Yunnan responded very quickly. Before the People’s Liberation Army came to attack, they revolted and surrendered.
Zhang Wenkui’s troops were stationed in Yunnan according to the order. After some time, Zhang Wenkui’s troops received a new order again.
The order this time is to continue the march and carry out the mission of suppressing bandits in Sichuan. Zhang Wenkui’s troops once again fulfilled their mission and successfully completed the mission.
These battlefield years and great achievements are all condensed in the commemorative medals treasured by the old man Zhang Wenkui.
Huaihai Campaign Medal, Crossing the River Campaign Medal, Central South Campaign Medal, and Southwest The medals of the battle are all put together, as if they are silently recounting the tragic years, and it also proves Zhang Wenkui’s outstanding achievements and brilliant achievements in the National Liberation War.
In addition to these medals, Zhang Wenkui’s home There is also a Liberation Medal Certificate issued by the Ministry of National Defense of the People’s Republic of China on March 1, 1956. This is the glory and achievement of Zhang Wenkui’s life.
In addition to his outstanding military exploits during the War of Liberation, Zhang Wenkui still contributed to the army after the founding of the People’s Republic of China.
With one’s own power.
In June 1950, shortly after the liberation of the Sichuan region ushered in, the Korean War broke out.
In October 1950, the first group of volunteers began to go to North Korea to participate in the war, and thereafter troops mobilized to the northeast.
Zhang Wenkui’s army is also among them.
In the second month of the lunar calendar in 1951, Zhang Wenkui moved from the south to the north and reached the Yalu River. In April of the same year, the troops held a meeting of the swearing-offs for entering North Korea in Dandong City in Liaoning Province.
This time, Zhang Wenkui’s unit was reorganized into the 134th Regiment, 15th Army, 45th Division, 3rd Corps of the Chinese People’s Volunteers.
After the oath meeting, the troops that night Just crossed the Yalu River.
After all, the frontline battle situation is urgent, and time does not wait for me. Every minute and a second are precious.
On the day when the oath-sworn meeting was just over, Zhang Wenkui and his comrades crossed the Yalu River and rushed to the battlefield of the Korean War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, waiting for him. It will be with the”United Nations Army” headed by the U.S. Army, and will engage in desperate contests and fierce battles with them.
As soon as Zhang Wenkui’s troops entered North Korea, they were bombarded by enemy planes. This fierce firepower is something Zhang Wenkui has never seen before.
The most dangerous bombing encountered by Zhang Wenkui was that an enemy shell fell near him and exploded. The power is very huge, and a comrade-in-arms beside Zhang Wenkui unfortunately died on the spot. A nearby horse carrying logistical supplies was also killed on the spot.
Although he was not killed on the spot by the bomb, the powerful shock wave of the bomb directly blew up the fried noodles in Zhang Wenkui’s dry food pocket. All of his clothes were torn by shrapnel, and the cotton wool in the quilted jacket flew out.
The conditions of the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea were very difficult, because it was going abroad to fight, and the supply of logistical materials needed to be transported through transportation lines. The enemy has spotted this and bombed the volunteers’ transportation lines almost 24 hours a day.
Many war materials were caught by the enemy halfway The bombing of the military aircraft made it impossible to transport it to the front line at all, which caused the unusually difficult conditions of logistical materials on the Korean battlefield.
In the Korean battlefield for more than three years, Zhang Wenkui has not even drank a sip of boiling water.
In the famous”Shangganling Battle“, Zhang Wenkui, who belongs to the 15th Army of the Volunteer Army, naturally participated.
Speaking of the 15th Army, some people may not be familiar with it, but as long as you mention the names of the 15th Army’s combat heroes, Huang Jiguang and Qiu Shaoyun, everyone will understand— -This is a heroic force refined from the rain of bullets.
At the time, Zhang Wenkui was the deputy platoon commander of the company he belonged to. Because he had artillery expertise, he was in charge of artillery work .
According to the instructions and orders of superiors, Zhang Wenkui and his comrades will fire a shell every five minutes in order to deal with the enemy that destroys the position.
At night, Zhang Wenkui and the artillery company more than 40 comrades in arms Played the important task of logistics and transportation. For example, to deliver bullets, grenades and other weapons to the comrades in the tunnel, as well as food, water and other logistics materials.
Under the terror of the enemy’s artillery fire, this transportation work is very dangerous. Our army’s logistics personnel have died and suffered extremely heavy casualties.
In addition, every transportation road is blocked by enemy machine guns, and everyone can only run forward on the corpse to complete the task. .
It was in such an extremely difficult environment that our soldiers won the final victory of the”Shangganling Battle”.
After the”Battle of Shangganling”, Zhang Wenkui’s troops were sent to the Incheon area.
In order to prevent the US military from performing the”Incheon Landing” once again cutting off the connection between our troops, the defense of this location can be said to be of vital importance.
Not long after, Zhang Wenkui was selected by the army to return to China to enter the military academy for further studies. However, after returning to China, Zhang Wenkui was still uneasy about the battle on the front line, so he asked Ying to return to the Korean battlefield.
After the”Korean War” ended, Zhang Wenkui stayed in the division until 1954 and did not return to China.
In May 1958, Zhang Wenkui was demobilized from the army and returned to the local area. He took off his uniform from the battlefield and devoted himself to the great cause of socialist construction. among.
After switching from the army, Zhang Wenkui worked as a worker, a farmer, and participated in the construction of the Danjiangkou Water Conservancy Project. Zhang Wenkui proved to everyone that not only can he fight on the battlefield, he is also a good at doing farm work and construction.
On the construction site of Danjiangkou Water Conservancy Project, Zhang Wenkui took his wife and daughter under one year old to start construction work.
Although Zhang Wenkui is a demobilized soldier, he never gives himself any special treatment. All the treatments are exactly the same as those of the engineering builders, and he lives in a simple shed built by linoleum. in.
Although life is very difficult, Zhang Wenkui has nothing No complaints, he devoted himself wholeheartedly to the construction of the project, just wanting to do the work well in his hands.
In order to make work more convenient, Zhang Wenkui’s family simply settled in Danjiangkou City.
Like on the battlefield, in the process of socialist construction, Zhang Wenkui still sticks to his”position.”
Until a grassroots survey in 1966, Zhang Wenkui unfortunately suffered an accident in order to fight a fire and suffered serious brain damage.
After recovering, Zhang Wenkui offered not to take the lead, but only to do some work within his capacity, so the unit arranged him to take charge of the Danjiangkou Water Conservancy Project Bureau Management of the auditorium.
In this way, Zhang Wenkui continued to work until September 1983, before he retired from his post honorably and spent his old age in peace.
In May 2019, Zhang Wenkui’s son-in-law Li Lingjun , I accidentally found an old photo while cleaning up the furnishings at home, which revealed the dusty past of his father-in-law for more than 60 years.
After the news spread, the status of Zhang Wenkui’s retired veteran was known to many local people.
Gao Fei, chairman of the Danjiangkou Writers Association, went to visit after learning about it. The 91-year-old Zhang Wenkui took out his treasured medal of honor and certificate… …
In the face of the shock of the family, the old man Zhang Wenkui was very uncomfortable:“Hurry up, put it away, what’s showing off, compared to the sacrificed comrades, we are nothing.”
Zhang Wenkui believes that these medals were exchanged by revolutionary martyrs with their blood and lives. What right and qualifications does he have to show off?
In Zhang Wenkui’s view, what I can do is to continue to do my best to build the country so as to be worthy of the sacrificed comrades in arms.
For more than 60 years, Zhang Wenkui has been deeply involved Yu Ming, with his practical actions, proved the noble sentiments of the older generation of revolutionary fighters, and devoted his entire life to the cause of national liberation and the cause of socialist construction.
This The old hero deserves our tribute!