Author:Dan Enze Financial Times editor:Liang Li
of the United States 46th President Joe · What was the number one event that Joe Biden (Joe Biden) entered the White House? According to many American media, Biden will begin to”overhaul” the”Immigration Act” on the first day after taking office.
Among them, the news that attracts the most attention of the overseas students is that the Biden government intends to directly award Green card.
However, the previously announced plan to relax the H-1B work visa limit will be cancelled. According to the”Washington Post” citing officials familiar with the matter, the number of H-1B visas for foreign high-skilled workers and H-2B visas for low-skilled non-agricultural workers will not increase.
In addition, Biden will also make breakthroughs in the efficiency of immigration review. According to Bloomberg, the Biden government will simplify the green card application process and open a fast track for approximately 11 million people who qualify for a green card. That is to obtain legal permanent residency (green card) in 5 years and complete naturalization in 8 years. Previously, it took as long as 13 years to complete the relevant procedures.
“Waiting to die” is expected to be changed
Although Biden has made significant changes in the immigration policy this time Promise, but as we all know, the number of groups waiting to immigrate to the United States is very large, and the efficiency of the approval of the US government is relatively low.
According to the statistics of the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), nearly 200,000 people die each year before they receive a green card. Therefore, it is often ridiculed by netizens that”the US green card did not wait, but the death certificate came.”
In addition, due to the impact of the epidemic, the current backlog of immigrants waiting for work visas in the United States has reached the highest level in history. According to USCIS data, as of April 2020, the backlog of immigrants waiting for work visas has exceeded the 1.2 million mark. Among them, the shortest queuing but the most demanding EB-1 outstanding talent visa (counting the number of waivers and deaths) has to wait at least 4 years, while the most competitive EB-3 skilled worker visa takes 19 years at the fastest.
The backlog of EB type work visas in the United States. (Picture source:USCIS)
In response to this issue, the Washington Post quoted relevant information as saying that the Biden administration is considering recycling unused green cards in previous years and using these places to supplement work-based And family visa application quota.
According to the calculations in a report by the Cato Institute, a think tank in the United States, such a regulation has been implemented and approximately 220,000 unused green cards can be reused.
Zhang Tianzhuo, general manager of Beijing Aussida Culture Communication Co., Ltd., which has been focusing on overseas services all the year round, told Times Finance and Economics reporters on the 20th,”If the policy of issuing green cards to STEM doctors is implemented, it is indeed a major issue. Good. Because the top people ranked in front of the middle-level talents have obtained green cards through other channels, it will greatly shorten the overall queue time.”
Trump’s immigration policy may be completely overturned
According to Bloomberg’s analysis, although Biden’s The Democratic Party “swept” both the Senate and the House of Representatives. However, if immigration policies are combined with border security and other issues, they will belong to a major legislative project and will require Only 60 votes in the Senate can be passed.
At present, the two parties are in a 50-50 situation in the Senate, which means that the Democrats need to persuade at least 10 Republican senators to support the immigration law. But most Republicans are”famous” for opposing immigration, and they have long reached a consensus on this issue.
In fact, the immigration bill was not the first to be proposed by the Biden administration. As early as the Obama administration, the Democratic Party tried to implement a more comprehensive new immigration policy, but it ended in failure.
Although Biden’s new immigration policy will face many uncertainties in the future, many experts believe that the most difficult moment has passed.
Luo Houmin, an international partner of the American Yuanchen International Law Firm, who is proficient in immigration law, told Times Finance and Economics on the 20th, “In general, immigration policy is returning to the Obama era. The Biden administration is expected to be overthrown in the future. The immigration policy introduced during the Trump era.”
The United States is back in the global battle for scientific and technological talents
From this point of view, The harsh and unreasonable immigration policy during the Trump era may become history.
The new immigration regulations issued by the Biden administration focus on benchmarking STEM professionals. The introduction of these talents will inject strong vitality into the development of American high-tech companies in the future.
In this regard, Luo Houmin pointed out that this is related to the interest group behind the Biden team. Compared with the Trump administration, the Biden administration tends to prioritize the interests of multinational technology companies. Therefore, in the future, Biden will vigorously attract talents in high-tech and high-value-added industries for the United States.
It can be seen that the United States under Biden’s leadership is quickly returning to the global battle for scientific and technological talent.
According to US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) statistics, the top ten STEMs in the United States in 2019 Of OPT (a 36-month internship program for STEM graduates) employers, 8 are technology companies. Among them, the Silicon Valley four major technology companies (Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Google) are on the list as hard-core supporters of the Democratic Party.
Of the top ten STEM OPT employers in the United States in 2019, 8 are technology companies. (Image source:ICE)
In response to the US’s tendency to grab high-tech talents on a global scale, Xiong Bingqi, Dean of the 21st Century Education Research Institute, told Times Finance and Economics on the 20th that as long as it maintains a good scientific research mechanism and environment Can better retain talents.