On the afternoon of September 29, 1951, the Huairen Hall in Beijing was extremely lively. Chairman Mao was going to have a banquet here for the members of the provincial delegations who came to Beijing to participate in the National Day celebration.
This time, those who entered Beijing are representatives from all walks of life from the grassroots level. Most of them are entering Beijing for the first time, so they are quite excited. There was a small, farm-style girl in the crowd. She had been staring at the wall clock on the wall to check the time. It was about 5 pm. She is like everyone else, waiting for Chairman Mao.
Suddenly everyone was looking at the door, and someone shouted:”Chairman Mao is here.” The little girl stood on tiptoe and looked forward, but she was too short to see anything. In a hurry, she ran to a pillar in the hall, planning to climb to the pillar to look. This scared the leaders of the Anhui delegation, and quickly said to her:”Don’t climb up the kid, you will toast Chairman Mao in a while”!
According to the arrangement, each provincial delegation will send a representative to toast Chairman Mao. Generally speaking, they are all respected elders in the delegation or soldiers who have made great contributions. Who is this little girl? Why did the Anhui delegation let her toast?
This woman is named Ma Sanjie, 16 years old, from Majiaba Village in Wuwei County in Anhui Province. Hearing the leader of the team said that he could make a toast, San Sister Ma was so happy, the pillars stopped climbing, and her feet stopped on tiptoe. She waited nervously on the sidelines, silently thinking about thinking ahead and telling the chairman. if.
This is how she remembered herself in her later years Toasting:
Pour a full glass of wine and shake it while walking. When Chairman Mao arrived, there was only half a glass of wine left.
Because of being too nervous, the wine is not toasted, and it’s nothing. After all, the chairman is also No blame on her. What made her a little”unhappy” was that she had just finished clinking and shaking hands with Chairman Mao, and before she could say anything, the comrades who toasted behind were too nervous and squeezed her away.
The group leader looked at the little girl upset, and took it out of his pocket An invitation card came and said:
Little devil, don’t be angry , Chairman Mao wants to treat you to dinner!
The above content is all from the memories of Ma Sanjie in her later years. From this memory, we can get two very interesting key messages:
The first message:This little girl is really naughty! This is true when I want to climb a pillar; in my later years, I use”unhappy” to describe being crowded. Speaking of words, she didn’t hide it at all, it was very interesting.
Second message:In popular terms now, this little girl is simply the object of”group favor” by the Anhui delegation. And it seems that it is not only the comrades in the delegation of the province who”spoof” her, but also Chairman Mao who is going to invite her to dinner.
Why is this? Who is she? What great achievements have you made?
To understand this problem, we have to start with the crossing the river in 1949. In the spring of 1949, one million troops of the People’s Liberation Army gathered in Jianghuai and West Anhui on the north bank of the Yangtze River. This battle is related to the big question of whether the whole country can be liberated.
Before this, Lao Jiang made a perfect arrangement:he bombed the bridges and roads that could be bombed; he also forced a large number of boat workers to the south bank. The natural dangers of the Yangtze River have become the perfect barrier to protect them.
At that time, the number of people our army needed to cross the river was one million. In fact, it was close to 1.5 million. Because it also includes a large number of workers and friends who need to cross the river for construction, and a large number of enemy prisoners. At that time, celebrities in the newspapers estimated that it would take at least a year for such a large team to cross the river, because there is no food and no bridges.
Unfortunately, they were wrong after all, because our army has a more powerful”weapon”:the masses!
The army goes out, the grain and grass go first, the command center calculates according to the number of people:a total of 450 million catties of grain is needed. At this time, the East China Front Committee of our army had a total of 130 million jin in hand, plus the support of the troops from various regions in the Northern Jiangsu and the central allocation. The difference is 160 million catties. How to do? It can only be borrowed from farmers in Jianghuai and Western Anhui.
This is the only time our army borrowed a large amount of food from the masses. It is not a last resort and will not do so. The result:Yangzhou area alone received 850,000 quintals of grain in 8 days. Other regions also exceeded their targets. No one thought of this.
With food, do we have to have firewood for cooking? Before the troops issued a notice, the masses thought that firewood was sent in bundles, and some villagers even demolished their own beams and sent them over.
These are all resolved, no boats and bridges will work. The fishermen and boatmen along the river have come to make suggestions. The fishermen taught the soldiers how to build boats, and 500 sailors were selected to teach everyone how to row and swim. Within 3 months, more than 10 pontoons were erected across the river, and 2500 wooden sailboats were completed. Crossing the river is about to begin!
On the night of April 20, 1949, the Battle of Crossing the River officially started. Wan Xiong set off from Baimaozhou in Wuwei County, and the”first ship across the river” will set off from here. That night, several assault ships set off first.
In one of the boats, there was a scene like this:a 14-year-old girl wanted to get on the boat, but was stopped by the soldiers, and they all persuaded her to go back. This little girl is Sanjie Ma. This time is at night, and the third sister is going to board an assault ship, which belongs to the vanguard. Everyone didn’t know how many enemy troops were waiting for us on the other side of the river. She was not allowed to go on because of her safety, and she was indeed too young.
On the contrary The little girl is a stubborn temper. Everyone can’t refute the reasons she gave,”I am good at water, and follow my dad every day to row on the river.” In this way, the third sister boarded the assault ship.
As soon as we got on the boat, everyone found that the third sister did not brag. Regardless of her size, she is indeed a good rower. How to adjust the direction and how to save effort, she has a clear door. This allowed the soldiers on the boat to concentrate on dealing with the enemy forces on the South Bank, leaving everything to rowing to her.
As soon as she was about to go ashore, the third sister suddenly felt that her arm had been bitten badly by something. When she looked down, she realized that the blood was flowing out, and a bullet hit her right arm. Before it was too late, she did something that the soldiers admired:
She stopped the ship firmly! Another fierce man plunged into the water to rescue the soldier who was thrown off the ship by the enemy!
The river water in April was still full of strong cold, and the injured third sister could not take care of the others, and dragged the soldiers ashore one by one. After saving the soldiers, she boarded the boat again and went back and forth on the river many times. She wasn’t willing to rest until she finally ran out of energy. How cold it was on the river at that time, you can take a look at the picture below:
This is the padded jacket worn by the third sister that day and is currently in the collection. In the weather at that time, the fishermen wore this kind of cotton-padded clothes, and it was in this weather that the third sister jumped into the water to save people. Such clothes will absorb water as soon as they enter the water. The third sister could only take off the jacket and jump into the water. This dress was put aside by the soldier next to him. It is precisely because of this that this dress has been preserved to this day.
Who would have thought that a teenage girl could have such willpower. After the battle was over, the soldiers knew that she was a girl from Majiaba Village, Wuwei County. Wuwei County is a”hero county”. During the battle of crossing the river, more than 5,000 people participated in transportation and other work every day.
Majiaba Village is close to the Yangtze River, and the fishermen in the village have been fishing for a living. In order to mobilize the masses to help, the village held several mobilization meetings, calling on everyone to volunteer, and Ma Sanjie and her brother all went to listen. My brother is good at water, so he naturally wants to go, so naturally there is him in the assault team crossing the river.
When Ma Sanjie learned that her brother was selected, of course she wanted to go. The soldiers in the army were reluctant to take her risks, so the scene where she herself and the People’s Liberation Army argued for reason would appear. At that time, there were many fishermen like her. Later, everyone gave the battle of crossing the river a nice name:
Victory drawn by the people with a boat
After the victory of this battle Sister Ma Mao was awarded the title of”First-Class Meritorious Crossing the River”, and many innocent people like her also received the title of”Property Meritor”. After reading this, everyone should understand why Ma Sanjie was”favored by the group.” Everyone pets her because she is the representative of the lovely crowd. It is for everyone, thank these lovely people.
In fact, this is not the first time the third sister has been invited to Beijing. Two years ago, before the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, she received an invitation from Mao Zedong. But at the time she didn’t invite her. The reason was:
Parents were worried that she was too young and feared that she would be lost!
This reason may not be understood by many people now. Many people want to take a look at the founding ceremony. As soon as the time of the ceremony was set, Mao Zedong received various letters, requesting to come to Beijing to take a look. Most of these letters were written by Mao Zedong’s relatives and friends in Shaoshan, but he basically rejected them.
Can you refuse such a precious and enviable invitation? This Ma family really has”personality”. Since the child is still young, the parents will take her to chant! It’s not unexpected!
But the fishermen at that time were so honest. They felt that there were only children’s names on the invitations, and they didn’t make it clear that adults could also go:if we would go with them, it would be bad…
Some people call this idea”han”, and some people call it”silly”, but in fact it has a better name:simple! And this is what makes them lovely.
What made the third sister’s family unexpected is that Chairman Mao has been thinking of this child and never forgot Wuwei County. In September 1951, they received another invitation, and the content was still the same as two years ago:
Please come to Beijing as a representative
It is still an invitation from Mao Zedong. Sending invitations to the same person twice, it is rare for the author to sort out the contents of Mao Zedong’s letters, telegrams, and invitations. At this time, the third sister was 16 years old, and she was accompanied by other comrades from the Anhui delegation, so the family members were relieved.
A few days later, she set off happily. Before leaving, her parents and villagers came to see her off. After all, in the eyes of everyone, the chairman has not forgotten the third sister, that is, our entire Majiaba village in Wuwei County.
Unfortunately, after this toast, the third sister always felt that she had not fulfilled the expectations of the folks. None of the words that the villagers confessed could be said. Fortunately, the chairman said he would invite her to dinner.
On October 1, the third sister and the representative We watched the National Day celebration together in Tiananmen Square. She is small, she can only see clearly…
When she saw the chairman again, it was on October 3rd, and she had a”windfall” at the time. :I met Premier Zhou. That day the chairman and the prime minister appeared together and invited the delegates to watch the show. As the number of people grew, Sanjie Ma didn’t know where she was, until the Premier asked her to sit next to her. In this way, she sat between Chairman Mao and Premier Zhou.
As soon as she sat down, Premier Zhou said to the chairman:”This is the little hero you invited over”!
When the chairman looked at the little girl, he immediately asked:”What is your name?” It turned out that everyone had always called her the little hero of rowing, and the chairman never knew her name.
Sister Ma boldly said:”My surname is Ma, and I have no name. I rank third at home. Everyone calls me Sanjie.”
In those days, many little girls did not have big names. This is not to say that parents do not care for their children. In most cases, it is because parents do not study much and do not know how to get them. Many boys are often called:Second Brother Liu and Brother Zhang. Hearing what she said, Mao Zedong smiled and said,”Heroes, how can you be named without a name!”
The third sister actually didn’t remember exactly what the scene was playing in her later years. That day, she patronized and became nervous…
After watching the play, I thought all the activities were over, but unexpectedly a special car stopped at the entrance of the guest house the next day. This is the chairman who wants to invite her to eat at home.
On that day, the chairman only invited a representative of the third sister. This is a home-cooked meal. Also eating together were Chairman Mao’s two daughters Li Min and Li Ne, both of whom were about the same age as the third sister.
At the dinner table, Chairman Mao kept picking up dishes for the third sister. The chairman likes to eat chili, but he picked out all the chili when he served the third sister. They were all filled with meat, and they were full of love for this little girl.
Chairman Mao has always been strict with his children. Li Ne, who was eating at the same table, knew this point. For a long time, Li Ne has been eating in the school cafeteria. During difficult times, she often ran out of food. Every time she came home, the chef in the kitchen suggested to make a nutritious meal for the child. The chairman always rebuffed her with the phrase”cannot be special”.
During the dinner, the chairman has been talking with the children Just kidding, he didn’t become serious until he asked the third sister’s study problem. He asked the third sister about her illiteracy, and then said to her:
You are so brave at such a young age. You are not afraid of sacrifice. It is great, but don’t be proud and don’t cock your tail.
After hearing this, the third sister suddenly became nervous. At this time, Chairman Mao said something like this:
Do you want to study in Beijing?
Obviously, Mao Zedong wanted to keep her in Beijing to study:on the one hand, he hopes that such an excellent child can receive a better education; on the other hand, he really likes this child , I hope she can stay with her like two daughters and see her often.
For the average person, such a request is obviously a great thing. But the third sister declined, for the same two reasons:
I will miss home!
The province has solved the problem of going to school for me, no more trouble!
These two reasons are the same as the Ma family’s refusal of their children to enter Beijing for the first time. In fact, they are quite confusing. But from it, we can find a very important message:the third sister is very close to her parents and family!
The family refused the invitation for her for the first time because she felt that the child was too young;
This time she refused to stay in Beijing to go to school because she would miss home.
So, since she is a little girl who is so cherished by her family and regarded as a treasure, why did her parents let her and her brother board the assault ship in the first place? Don’t they know how dangerous it is to board that ship?
What is the righteousness of family and country! In fact, the fishermen knew very well.
Nowadays, many people always feel that farmers who don’t know many words will produce grain and firewood at first because of the death orders and the death tasks of the village committees of all counties. In this regard, I dare not agree!
Thinking this way, I underestimated the group of fishermen.
It is precisely these two rejections that should let us see their extraordinary. All their efforts are not asking for return. The most precious thing they gave was not the only load of grain left in the house, nor the beams that were taken down. Every ordinary fisherman who sent the People’s Liberation Army across the river, no matter what the 14-year-old Ma Sanjie, or those fishermen called”Zhang Sange” and”Li Sige” by the soldiers, none of them is the heart of their parents. These are the fishermen’s greatest contributions.
The four words”family and country” are considered to be multiple, and it has never been related to how many books have been read and how many words have been recognized. I hope you can understand this point.
After the meal, Chairman Mao took the initiative to take out a notebook and a pen from the cabinet to write a few words for the third sister. Before writing, he gave the third sister a name:
Change the original”three” character to”毛”. The chairman explained to the third sister in this way:Your surname is Ma, my surname is Mao…
Ma is the father’s surname, so naturally it cannot be changed. The second word is changed to”Mao”, which means that this child will also be a child of the Mao family. Since then, Ma San Jie has become Ma Mao Jie.
Mao Zedong changed the names of several important people throughout his life. For example, General Xu Shiyou, whose original name was Xu Shiyou, Mao Zedong felt that”Friends of the World is better”, so he changed him to”World Friends”. For example, Ms. Wang Hairong, the orphan of a martyr, was given a pen name:Apprentice Wang Bo. I hope she can be practical and hardworking. This time, I used his own surname for Sanjie Ma, which shows that he likes this little girl.
After taking the name, Mao Zedong wrote 8 words on the notebook:
Study hard and make progress every day
This Whether the eight characters that are hung in the classroom every day were inscribed for the first time by Ma Mao is still controversial. Some historians considered that five months ago, Mao Zedong had used these eight characters when he received another 8-year-old hero, Chen Yongkang. Because this kid was dealing with sabotage spies at the time, in order to protect him, it was not disclosed to the public at that time. As a result, many people now believe that Sister Ma Mao is the first to get”study hard and make progress every day.”
Regardless of whether these 8 characters were inscribed for Ma Mao sister or Chen Yongkang first, they have been popular all over the country since 1951.
I also ate the rice! The words are also inscribed! Inviting the child to study in Beijing was rejected! Next, Chairman Mao thought about it and wanted to see what else he could do for this little girl. Finally, she found that the child was wearing a little thin, so he temporarily thought:
Make two new clothes for the little girl.
Because it was cut and made by the master temporarily, it was not available at the time, so for the next few days, Ma Mao sister had been waiting in the guest house. First, she was afraid that the chairman would forget about it and forgot to send someone to the store to pick it up; second, she was afraid that time would be too late, what if she didn’t send it back before she went back with the representatives…
Fortunately, the chairman did not forget, and the time has caught up. This made the little girl so happy, she just went home wearing this dress! These two clothes, one is a black woolen coat and the other is a shirt made of gray cloth. This is indeed in line with the chairman’s aesthetic, he likes clothes with a little bit of color. But, I wonder if the chairman has thought about it, she is a 16-year-old girl in season!
However, it doesn’t matter, Sister Ma Mao likes it very much! What troubled her was that the two clothes were put away by her mother when she got home, folded neatly, and put them in the box. Mother said:Things are too precious, so I should keep them as a memorial.
Things to commemorate, naturally have to press the bottom of the box. There is nothing wrong with mother’s approach!
Unfortunately, floods occurred in Anhui in 1954 and the boxes were washed away. This made Sister Ma Mao sad. She kept saying:I only crossed it once…
In the following years, Sister Ma Mao has been living a low-key life in her hometown. Since I declined the suggestion of going to school in Beijing, I have to study hard in my hometown. With that clever energy, she only went to school for 7 years after the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and she graduated from middle school. After that, she became an ordinary worker in Hefei.
Bedding factory, hemp spinning factory, knitting factory… …She has done it all, everything is good. I have been in Beijing and have eaten the dishes the chairman gave me. The name has changed, but she is still the shrewd and capable third sister.
Sister Ma Mao met the chairman again in 1958. In September of that year, Chairman Mao visited Anhui. As soon as he finished his work, Chairman Mao said to the comrades in Anhui:Call Sister Mao…
Sister Ma Mao didn’t expect to see her in 7 years, and the chairman still remembers herself. The 16-year-old Huaji girl is now a 23-year-old little factory expert, but Chairman Mao recognized her at a glance. This time, they talked a lot about Anhui, about small fishing villages, about work and study.
Now, the little boating expert of that year is 86 years old. She still lives in Anhui, full of children and grandchildren! Every time someone in the community mentioned the War of Liberation, the old lady would stop and say a few words to everyone:There is still my credit!
On November 28, 2012, the Memorial Hall of the Battle of Crossing the River was officially opened. Careful designers have designed the main body of the building into the style of water and battleships. The entire pavilion is like two battleships traveling on the river, facing the vast Chaohu Lake of 800 square kilometers. In front of the pavilion, a 99-meter-high Victory Tower was erected. Now this tower is not only a memorial, but also a beacon for the surrounding ships. Every ship passing by here can see it. I would like to use this article to commemorate all those who have worked hard for the new China.