In 1840 (the twelfth year of Daoguang), the British invaders launched a feudal China from ancient times A war of aggression. In this war, the British aggressors forcibly dumped opium to China, so it was also called the Opium War. After the catastrophe, the Chinese people began to smoke opium. The dynasty was originally corrupt, but under the erosion of opium, it quickly declined.
Since then, China has gradually changed from an independent feudal country to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal country. This situation was also encountered for the first time in history. Later, The Chinese nation has embarked on a historical journey of more than 100 years of humiliation, suffering, and struggle!
Due to the long-term influence of opium, the people’s body The situation is deteriorating. On the street, there are many skinny adults with thin cheeks and lackluster eyes, leaving only A skinny frame, without a trace of energy to walk.
The weak Chinese were therefore crowned”Sick man of East Asia”. This term first appeared as”Sick Man in the East” appeared in a newspaper founded by the British in Shanghai in 1896. An article written by the British”Word Linxi Newspaper“In the article. The original text roughly means:”Husband China–The sick man in the East is numb and unkind for a long time.”
This term satirizes the Chinese people’s physical weakness, and satirizes China’s closed and backward conditions at that time, and it can be bullied. People blamed all this on the impact of the Opium War, but the price of opium. Expensive, but why could poor peasants in the late Qing Dynasty afford opium? This is related to an idea from Cixi.
Here we want to correct a misunderstanding of everyone, opium is not the late Qing Dynasty It wasn’t until the end of Qing Dynasty that some people started to absorb opium that flowed into China. Opium is made by drying with the juice of poppy fruit. The Greeks used this thing as medicine and found that it has the effects of calming the nerves, resting sleep, relieving diarrhea, and forgetting worry.
In 139 BC, Zhang Qian’s mission to the Western Regions, opium as a medicinal material, was brought from India to China, and Hua Tuo, a famous doctor in the Three Kingdoms period, returned The use of opium and marijuana to make a narcotic, this drug saved many lives in the war years, it can be seen that opium can be turned into a treasure when used in the right place.
During the Tang Dynasty (667 AD), this was also During a period of opening to the outside world and prosperity, there was a record of importing opium at that time. At this time, it also had an alias, called “Water Lotus”. During the Ming Dynasty, the subordinate country also gave opium tribute to the imperial family, calling it”Wuxiang”. Because it was a tribute, the common people used it Sorry, only the royal family can use it.
Poppy is not a special plant, but because of opium It is a tribute, so the price has soared, and it is equivalent to gold. In addition, the feudal dynasty is strictly hierarchical, and the common people cannot afford it.
By 1600, the Dutch introduced pipes and tobacco to China. This fashionable gadget has attracted the attention of many people and learned In the same way, I smoked opium. From then on, it was out of control. Many people would rather lose their money and smoke. Emperor Chongzhen realized the seriousness of the matter and ordered a ban on smoking several times. Unexpectedly, the more banned, the more people’s attention was. As a result, more people smoke opium.
The body is weak due to the accumulation of smoking over the years, Taking into account the seriousness of the matter, the Qing court ordered the prohibition of opium in 1729, and many emperors of the Qing Dynasty emphasized the prohibition of opium. Because of the smoking ban, opium dared not sell it openly, and the price increased.
In the 19th century, British merchants tried to make up for the Sino-British trade deficit , Opium was smuggled from India to China, and more and more opium flooded into the Chinese market. In 1839, Lin Zexu sold cigarettes at Humen. It was a rebellion, but after the failure of the Opium War, there were still many opium merchants selling opium in China.
When Cixi came to power, she watched foreigners continue to sell opium in China and made a lot of money, so she decided to tax opium . The government levies taxes on opium, which means that opium has been legalized since then. Cixi’s policy allowed him to earn some money for rouge gouache, but it indirectly caused a big trouble.
Due to the legalization of opium, buying opium from foreign merchants is destined to cost a lot of money. Because the method of making opium is not difficult, many people start Opium is grown publicly, and opium dealers sell opium more blatantly. From an economic point of view, the value of commodities often depreciates as the quantity increases.
There are more people who grow opium, so the price of opium Naturally, opium will become widespread in the future, and even spread to Western countries. At this time, Western countries also began to strictly prohibit opium smoking.
Generally speaking, it is the Chinese residents who are most affected by opium. Due to repeated prohibitions in China, they became legalized due to the taxation imposed by Cixi As the Chinese people’s bodies are getting worse and worse due to opium smoking, the hat of”Sick Man of East Asia” cannot be taken off for a long time.
Until the founding of the People’s Republic of China, opium It was basically eliminated.