Source:People’s Daily Online
The underground intelligent centralized control center of Xinyuan Company. Photo courtesy of the interviewee
Mentioned coal mining, many people may still stay In the impression of”silly, big, dark, and rough”. With the accelerated popularization of 5G networks, the coal mining industry is gradually tearing off its former label and walking in the traditional industry /span>The trend of digital transformation.
Shanxi Lu’an Chemical Xinyuan Coal Mine, located in the western foothills of Taihang Mountain, is an old mine with a history of nearly 20 years. It is also the first batch of 71 intelligent demonstrations in the country.One of the mines, currently employs more than 100,000 people.
In recent years, with the increasing challenge of my country’s population aging, coupled with the continued existence of structural contradictions in the labor force, Mining industry is facing difficulties in personnel training.
The application of”5G﹢Industrial Internet” in the mining industry can be extremely Greatly alleviate this problem and bring”new workers” to the old mines.
In 2019, after 5G commercialization, Sing Yuan Company cooperated with China Mobile and Huawei is the first to open the country’s first underground 5G test base station and complete different underground applicationsScenario 5G network coverage test work. .
Nowadays, when you walk into the underground mining surface of Xinyuan Coal Mine, you will see a miniature underground city in front of you, with intricate roadways, one by oneRoadheader, Coal mining machine, belt A large number of mechanical equipment such as machines and hydraulic supports are performing daily operations such as mining, transportation, washing, and production assistance in an orderly manner.
In the mine tunnel, you can see yellow 5G mine explosion-proof base stations from time to time. Under the 5G network connection, various new types of smart devices such as mine temperature sensors, 5G mine AR glasses, 5G mine 4K high-definition cameras, etc., build an information network to constantly monitor the”turbulence” underground.
In the mine, the shearer driver sits in the spacious and bright control room. With just moving his fingers, he can precisely control the shearer located at a depth of 240 meters in the mine, realizing remote “one-key coal mining”.”; Through the large screen, the operation surface data is transmitted to the control panel of the dispatch center in real time; the staff can view in real time through the special App in the mobile phone The situation in the mining area, all corners of the ground, and various operations in the underground are all clear at a glance…
The field personnel said that 5G technology efficiently supports the remote control of underground equipment, which greatly reduces The downhole work intensity solves the problems of high risk factor and high labor intensity in traditional manual operations.
“Our goal is to turn black-collar workers into blue-collar workers and blue-collar workers into white-collar workers.”Shanxi Province said Wang Zhiqing, chairman of Lu’an Chemical Group.
5G underground mine special equipment. Photo by Zhao Chao from People’s Daily Online
Integrate into various industries and actively promote the”5G Industrial Internet”
On June 6, 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Telecom, China Mobile, China Unicom, and China Radio and Television issued 5G commercial licenses. my country has officially entered the first year of 5G commercial use.
In the past two years, China’s 5G network coverage has become increasingly widespread, the price of 5G terminals has become more affordable, and 5G applications have continued to be enriched… With the help of the “new infrastructure” policy, 5G has been converging with the industrial Internet, cloud computing, and labor. Emerging technologies such as intelligence complement each other, and promote the upgrading of traditional files and the cultivation of new formats to create new The core competitiveness of the market is empowerment for transformation and upgrading and high-quality development.
The smart mine of Xinyuan Company is just a microcosm of the integration of 5G into thousands of industries.
In view of the broad prospects of the”5G Industrial Internet” in the mining industry With huge potential, all localities and industries have shown great enthusiasm for using the”5G Industrial Internet” to promote the digital transformation of traditional industries.
It is understood that Shanxi Province plans to increase the application scope and scale of the”5G Industrial Internet” in the mining industry. The application of new technologies such as 5G will be extended to 1,000 mining faces and expanded to multiple types of ore bodies such as coal mines, metal mines, and non-metal mines.
Except for Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Henan, Inner Mongolia Span>, Shandong and other places are also actively promoting the innovation and development of the”5G Industrial Internet”, speeding up the exploration of new ways to use the”5G Industrial Internet” to drive the digital transformation and upgrading of the mining industry. In the future, the”5G Industrial Internet” will accelerate its expansion from the mining industry, electronic equipment manufacturing, equipment manufacturing, steel industry, and power industry to more industries such as ports, energy, and transportation, forming a larger, deeper, and higher level. Innovative applications.
In the past two years since the issuance of 5G commercial licenses, 5G networks are moving from pilot exploration to rapid promotion, quickly integrating into thousands of industries, forming a system leading edge, and helping Industry transformation and upgrading. At the same time, the development of the industry is also inseparable from the help and support of policies.
In November 2019, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology issued the”5G Industrial Internet” 512 Project Promotion Plan, which sounded the clarion call for the industry to accelerate the development of the”5G Industrial Internet”.
2021 In May, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology released the first batch of”5G Industrial Internet” Key industries and application scenarios. The first batch of key industries and application scenarios cover five major industries such as electronic equipment production, equipment manufacturing, steel, mining, and electric power, as well as ten application scenarios such as collaborative research and development design, remote equipment control, and flexible manufacturing.
The basic telecom operators are also actively entering the game. China Telecom leverages its advantages in”5G Cloud and Network Convergence” to empower traditional industries. China Mobile has fully implemented the”5G” plan to promote the integration of 5G into all industries and serve the public. China Unicom regards 5G as a strategic lead for development and has built more than 300 5G lighthouse projects.
Introduced by Zhao Zhiguo, Director of the Information and Communication Administration of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, as of now, more than 1,500″5G Industrial Internet” projects have been built by industrial enterprises across the country.”5G Industrial Internet” has become the industry’s highest enthusiasm in the development of industrial Internet and 5G. , One of the areas where innovation is the most active and effective. This year, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will focus on the consolidation and improvement of the industrial foundation, the application and promotion of mature models, the deepening and expansion of innovative models, and the development and growth of industrial ecology, so as to further promote the integrated development of the”5G Industrial Internet”.
Enabling digital transformation still requires multi-party collaboration
The 5G enabling industry is inseparable from basic network support. According to data released by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, as of the end of March 2021, my country has built 819,000 5G base stations, accounting for global More than 70%, covering all prefecture-level and above cities across the country, building the world’s largest 5G independent networking network. According to the March data released by the International Speed Testing Agency, my country’s mobile network speed ranks 4th in the world, and its fixed broadband speed ranks 16th in the world.
In the”14th Five-Year Plan” outline, the digital construction task has been unprecedentedly improved compared to the previous strategic position and construction content.”Accelerating Digital Development and Building Digital China” is listed in a separate article, and for the first time proposed the new economic indicator of the value-added of the core industries of the digital economy as a proportion of GDP.
The”14th Five-Year Plan” outline also proposes to lay out a new digital economy industry ecology, build 5G-based application scenarios and industry ecology, and focus on key areas such as smart transportation, smart logistics, smart energy, and smart medical care. Carry out pilot demonstrations.
Liu Liehong, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, pointed out that 5G, as a representative and leading technology of the new round of technological revolution and industrial transformation, is deeply integrated with all walks of life, injecting new momentum and bringing new opportunities into economic development. . Since the commercialization of 5G, with the joint efforts of operating companies, the industry and the whole society, positive results have been achieved in the technology industry, network construction, and integrated applications.
He also emphasized that the current 5G applications are still in the growth stage, and investment needs to be increased to continue to promote the large-scale development of 5G applications.
For this reason, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology recently released the”5G Application”Sailing” Action Plan (2021-2023)” for comments, proposing to achieve breakthroughs in the depth and breadth of 5G applications in key areas by 2023. The efficiency of network usage has improved significantly, and the average annual growth rate of the number of 5G Internet of Things terminal users exceeds 200%.
It is foreseeable that the”14th Five-Year Plan” will be a critical period for the large-scale application of 5G in my country. While 5G promotes the development of digital industrialization, it will effectively enhance the digitalization level of my country’s industry, with huge development potential.
Liu Liehong said that my country is one of the first 5G commercial countries in the world, and 5G technology, industry, and applications have entered the”no man’s land”, especially for industry, promoting the integration of 5G and the real economy There are no precedents for innovation, no experience to see, and no standards to rely on. It is necessary to follow the laws of mobile communication technology evolution, network construction, and market development, based on national conditions, and embark on a road of 5G development with Chinese characteristics.
China Institute of Information and Communication Jin Jian believes that with the acceleration of global digitalization, the digital economy has become a key support for economic growth, industrial digitalization has become the core engine for the growth of digital economy, and the industrial Internet has become the path and methodology of digital transformation.
Golden Jian pointed out that the rapid progress in the typical scenarios of the 5G industrial Internet reflects the transformative empowerment significance of 5G and also provides a basis for the further iteration of 5G technical standards. The application development of”5G Industrial Internet” will go through four stages of warm-up, start-up, growth, and scale. The current period is the key adaptation period from 0 to 1.
The head of the Information and Communication Development Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology Liu Yulin said that my country’s 5G applications are still In the initial stage, continuous in-depth exploration is needed to leave patience and space for the development of 5G applications. In the next step, we must give full play to the role of market players, bring together operators, equipment manufacturers, solution service providers, Internet companies, vertical industry applications and other industries from all walks of life to form a”team competition” model to jointly promote 5G application innovation.