In 2011, a tomb robbery brought a thousand-year-old tomb to the surface. Fortunately, even though the tomb robbers punched a 14.8-meter-deep hole, their claws were still 5 cm away from the buried objects in the ground.

In 2014, the archaeological team began to excavate the tomb, and it was not until the beginning of 2015 that the coffin of the owner of the tomb was dug. It has been identified that this tomb owner is the first Western Han Dynasty Haiyunhou, The grandson of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty Liu He.

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Haihunhou Tomb

Liu He’s Burial The product can be described as a full hall of gold and jade. In his tomb, a total of 378 pieces of gold have been unearthed, including 285 gold cakes, 48 ​​horseshoe gold, 25 linzhi gold, and 20 gold plates. The total weight of these gold objects, calculated according to the weight of the Han system, has reached 200 jin, which exceeds all the tombs of the princes and Han Dynasty discovered before.

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Haihunhou Tomb

From the past archaeology According to the discovery, even in the tomb of Jing Wang Liu Sheng, the ancestor of Liu Bei, the funeral items were not so rich. If Liu He was just a Marquis, it would be a bit too tyrant to take such a huge amount of gold as a funeral.

And looking through history, perhaps his other two identities can give us the answer——The Ninth Western Han Dynasty Emperor and the second generation of Changyi King. And in history, there is an incredible record of him:within 27 days of his reign, he did 1127 absurd things.

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Haihunhou Tomb


1. Noble birth and poor fortune

The woman who was most favored in the first half of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty was not Wei Zifu is none other than that. However, when Wei Zifu was old and decayed, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty moved to fall in love and fell in love with the younger sister of musician Li Yannian. Mrs. Li.

Ms. Li, who was beloved by Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, gave birth to a son.

span>——Liu Liu. And he is the father of Liu He, Hai Hou Hou.

Although Wei Zifu is the Queen, her son Liu Shi was also established early as Prince, however, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty was more fortunate than Mrs. Li. Especially after the”Witch Gu disaster” occurred in 91 BC, Wei Zifu and Liu Zheng both died. Liu Li, who has been named the king of Changyi, ushered in his god-given opportunity, and a power vacuum appeared!

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Sculpture of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty

Liu Li’s uncle and general of the second divisionLi Guangli conspired with the prime minister Liu Qushou to make Liu He the prince. As a result, Liu Shi’s tragedy repeated itself again, and Li Guangli and Liu Qusuan were also accused of using witches. Liu Quyu was killed, Li Guangli defected, and Liu Li’s dream of a prince was completely broken. He died in depression two years later. His son Liu He ascended to the throne under such unfavorable circumstances.


Two, The Lost East Side, Received mulberry

There is an old saying:” Lost the East, reaping the mulberry and elm”, life is often”the mountains and rivers have no way out of doubt, and the willows are dark and the flowers are in another village.” Liu He’s is a good example.

Before Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty passed away, he pushed up the 8-year-old Han Zhaodi Throne, and left Huo Guang, Sang Hongyang and other 5 people served as ministers of life.

The original intention of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty was to let the five people not only divide the work and cooperate with each other, assist the emperor, but also restrain each other and avoid dictatorship. But Huo Guang quickly got rid of Sang Hongyang and others who were at odds with him, and took the government alone.

In the shadow of Huo Guang, Emperor Zhaodi of Han was obediently fate. He died after only 22 years of age, leaving no heirs at all. At this time, the emperor of the big man can only choose from his brothers.

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Huo Guang

Among them, the King of GuanglingLiu Xu is unanimously favored, but for Huo Guang, he is not a good choice. The reason is simply that it is difficult to control.

After thinking around, Huo Guang finally turned his attention to Liu Li’s son Liu He. Compared with Liu Xu, Liu He is younger, less than 20 years old.

For good luck, I didn’t expect Li Guangli, Liu Quyu and Liu Li to work hard and rack their brains, but they were lucky enough to be on Liu He’s head. .

On July 18, 74 BC, Liu He became the emperor.

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Haihunhou Tomb


3. When breaks continue, resist the chaos

From a grandson who was left out by Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, Liu He suddenly became the emperor of the great man. Is this a blessing or a curse? Lao Tzu said that”fortune and misfortune depend on each other”, and it is true.

Just before his seat was hot, another big stick smashed at him.

27 days after Liu He ascended the throne, Huo Guang suddenly led the minister to play the the Queen Mother of Shangguan, Request the abolition of Liu He. This Shangguan empress is not an outsider, she is Huo Guang’s granddaughter and the empress of Han Zhaodi. She was only 15 years old at the time, but she became the empress dowager, and soon became the youngest empress dowager in history.

The reason why Huo Guang deposed Liu He is also very good. According to the “Han Shu·Huo Guangjin Riden Biography”:On the 7th, the messenger was in the middle of noon, and the official government issued the decree of the festival, all one hundred and twenty-seven things.”

In other words, within just 27 days of Liu He’s reign, it was unexpectedly He did 1127 ridiculous things, an average of 40 things a day. If Liu He only sleeps 4 hours a day, he would also do 2 things every hour.

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Huo Guang stills

As for what ridiculous things he did, In the”Han Shu·Gong Sui Biography”, there is a description:

“Wang Li is the emperor, he is becoming more and more arrogant, and his admonitions are no longer heard. Today’s sorrow is not exhausted. Eating and having fun, fighting tigers and leopards, Zhao Pixuan, Che Jiuliu, driving things, they are all contrary.”

This passage is generally more straightforward. There is almost no need for translation, basically it is about eating, drinking and having fun, birds and beasts. But, to be honest, these behaviors are not too outrageous for a young emperor.

And Huo Guang made the decision of Fei Di in a hurry after only one month of investigation, and he did not give Liu He a chance, which would be too arbitrary.

Therefore, when”Hanshu·Huoguang Biography” described this period of history, it mentioned such a detail:

(Huo) Guang said:”Changyi Wang Xing fainted and feared the community, how about?” The officials were all shocked and dared not speak, but Only only.

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Huo Guang stills

When Huo Guang, the emperor will be abolished When asking the opinion of the ministers on this matter, the reaction of the ministers was”shocked and eclipsed.” Obviously, there was no sign of this matter in advance. Liu He was not”a mouse crossing the street, everyone shouting and beating”, and there must be hidden secrets in this.

And this hidden story can still be found in the”Han Shu·Gong Sui Biography”:“Wang XiangAnle moved to Changle Weiwei.”

It turned out that after Liu He succeeded to the throne, he promoted his Xiangguo An Le in Changyi Kingdom to the Wei Wei of Changle Palace, and he became the Queen Mother in charge. The supreme military attaché of the guard and guard of the Changle Palace.

We cannot underestimate this Shangguan empress who was only 15 years old at the time. Although Huo Guang can abolish the Emperor, this decision cannot be made from his mouth. In theory, it is necessary to make an decree by the Queen Mother of Shangguan.

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Shangguan empress dowager stills

Liu He promoted his cronies to this In the key position, it’s no wonder that Huo Guanghui can’t sit still right away. If he doesn’t act anymore, he will be sitting and waiting for death, and he will be the one who”dismisses get out of class” at that time.

While Huo Guang abolished Liu He, he also executed more than 200 officials of Changyi Kingdom where he was originally located. More than 1,000 years later, when Su Shi commented on this matter, he said:

“Among them, if you are an official, there must be those who seek light. The light knows it, so it is established and abolished. It is not exclusively for fornication. Two hundred people, Fang Zhu, shouted in the city, saying:’When the break is constant, the opposition Su Shi also believes that after Liu He succeeded to the throne, he planned to get rid of Huo Guang with his cronies, and he was preempted by Huo Guang. This is the real reason why Liu He was abolished. And when his cronies walked onto the execution ground, the “continue to stop, let the chaos” be heard, was also a lament for their failure in the end.

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Haihunhou Tomb


4. Was imprisoned and died National Elimination

Liu Hechu In the midst of losing Huo Guang’s plan, he was abolished as the Emperor. Fortunately, Huo Guang didn’t rush to kill them all:“Tangmuyi was given two thousand households, so the Wang family’s property is with congratulations… the country is divided into Sanyang County.

Huo Guang cut off the king titles of Changyi Kingdom and Liu He, but still gave him the property belonging to Liu He, and gave him two thousand households. This also provided material guarantee for his luxurious tomb in the future.

At this time, Liu He didn’t have any titles on him. He was similar to ordinary people, but there were still nearly two hundred servants around him. However, Huo Guang’s supervision over him is very strict, and he is almost in confinement.

Huo Guang abolished Liu He, and made Liu Zhi’s only grandson, Liu Bing, an emperor, because Xuan Emperor of Han Dynasty. After Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty succeeded to the throne, he still had doubts about Liu He’s existence. This is because, Huo Guang’s abolition of Liu He was originally”abandoning the establishment without authorization, courting the deceased, and not doing it.” If Huo Guang abolishes the emperor, then Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty is supported by Huo Guang, isn’t it also lacking in legitimacy?

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Xuan Emperor of Han Dynasty

68 BC, Huo Guang Passed away. In the second year, Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty condemned the Huo family for the crime of treason and was able to take charge of the government. As his control of the court became more and more stable, Emperor Xuan’s attitude towards Liu He also changed.

In 63 BC, Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty issued an edict and named Liu He as a Haiyunhou, and moved to Yuzhang County.

After many years, Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty finally gave the Fei Emperor a legal title. Perhaps in the heart of Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty, although the abolished emperor Liu He was not cautious enough or smart enough, this also caused him to be calculated by the power minister Huo Guang first. But the enemy of the enemy is a friend. Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty had more sympathy than suspicion for Liu He.

Four years later, in 59 BC, Liu He died of illness at the age of 33. What is paradoxical is that his two sons, Liu Chongguo and Liu Fengqin, both died before the attack on Hai Hun Hou, and Hai Hun Hou Country was once completely sealed. It was not until the third year of the Yuan Dynasty (46 BC) that the emperor renamed his other son Liu Daizong as Haihunhou.

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Haihunhou Tomb


Conclusion:We often hear the saying,”History is a little girl who can be dressed up”. In some historical materials, Liu He is a”1127 absurdity done within 27 days of his reign.” The faint lord of things”. But when we combine multiple historical materials and studies on the behavior of Huo Guang, the official of the power, we will find that the real Liu He in history may not be the case.

Following the excavation of the tomb of Haihunhou, some scholars have even speculated that Liu He may still be a modest gentleman who reads poems and loves music based on the unearthed Confucian classics, musical instruments, and bronzes. However, at the moment when Liu He became the abolished emperor, his”personal design” had already been designed by Huo Guang, and even after Emperor Xuan of Han succeeded to the throne, he would not change it. If Emperor Xuan of the Han Dynasty said that Liu He was a”good person”, then where is his legitimacy?