In the right front of the Ruijin Revolutionary Martyrs Memorial Hall in Jiangxi, there is a statue standing tall and handsome. , A uniform, piercing eyes, awe-inspiring. He was Mao Zetan, the leader of the early Labor Movement, an excellent commander of the Red Army, and an important contact person for Zhu Mao’s Jinggangshan Reunion.
In 1985, the people of Ruijin built a full-body bronze statue of the martyr Mao Zetan on the outskirts of the city. The statue is 3 meters high and placed on a 2.4-meter-high marble stele. The front is inlaid with the eight characters”Comrade Mao Zetan Monument” inscribed by Deng Xiaoping, and the inscription on the back:Comrade Mao Zetan is an outstanding member of the Communist Party of China, Chinese workers and peasantsExcellent commander of the Red Army, strong communist fighter.
On September 25, 1905, Mao Zetan was born in Shaoshanchong, Xiangtan County, Hunan. He joined the Chinese Socialist Youth League in 1922 and started the labor movement in Shuikoushan, Hunan in 1923. Served as a member of the Education Unit of the Workers Club and joined the Communist Party of China in October of the same year. In the autumn of 1925, he worked in the Political Department of the Huangpu Military Academy. In 1927, he went to Wuhan to work in the Political Department of the Fourth Army of the National Revolutionary Army. He participated in the”August 1st”Nanchang Uprising and the struggle to establish the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Base. In the struggle to move to southern Jiangxi and Western Fujian and consolidate and develop the Central Revolutionary Base, he served as the resident of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants Revolutionary CommitteeJi’an Office Director and Rear Committee Secretary, Yong (Feng) Ji (An) Tai (He) Special Committee Secretary, Director of the Political Department of the Red Army, Secretary of the Gonglue Center County, Secretary of the Soviet Central Bureau Waiting for the job. He insisted on supporting the correct line represented by Comrade Mao Zedong, and opposed and resisted Wang Ming’s left-leaning line. After the Long March of the Central Red Army in October 1934, he remained in the Central Soviet Area and served as a member of the CPC Central Bureau. He insisted on guerrilla warfare and moved to the Fujian-Jiangxi border and Wuyi Mountain. Area. On April 26, 1935, he led his troops to break out of the Sidu from Changting to the Red Forest Mountain in Ruijin, surrounded by the enemy, and died heroically in the fierce battle , Was 29 years old.
The life of Comrade Mao Zetan is a life of revolution and a life of battle, and he has established immortal feats for the revolutionary cause of the party and the people.
Ruijin Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China
Respectfully established by the Ruijin People’s Government
Rebuilt in June 2010
The inscription is more than 400 words , It summarizes the growth and battle history of Mao Zetan martyr, and poured people’s respect and memory for him. It is awe-inspiring to read.
A strong general in the early days of our army
Mao Zetan is the younger brother of Mao Zedong and Mao Zemin. Under the influence of his elder brother Mao Zedong, Mao Zetan embarked on a revolutionary road. During the Nanchang Uprising, he served as the head of the Propaganda Section of the Political Department of the 25th Division of the Eleventh Army of the Uprising Army. In the winter of 1927, Mao Zetan was sent to Jinggangshan to contact Mao Zedong. Under his active contact, Zhu Mao successfully met with Jinggangshan in April of the following year, and Mao Zetan played a key role in this meeting.
In May 1928, Mao Zetan served as the representative of the third battalion party of the 31st Regiment of the Fourth Army of the Chinese Workers and Peasants Red Army and participated in the battle at Longyuankou. In January 1930, Mao Zetan served as the director of the Political Department of the Sixth Red Army (later renamed the Red Army). He was once the political commissar of the Army. He and the commander Huang Gonglue led the whole army to launch a guerrilla war on both sides of the Ganshui River. In October of the same year, he served as Secretary of the Ji’an County Party Committee of the Communist Party of China and Director of the Red Army Office in Ji’an. As a special commissioner, he assisted Chen Yi, the commander of the Red 22nd Army, and led his troops back to the division.Suichuan, the red area in this area has been restored. In June 1931, he served as the Secretary of the Special Committee of Yong (Feng) Ji (An) Tai (He) of the Communist Party of China and the political commissar of the Independent Fifth Division of the Red Army. With the command of the division commander Xiao Ke, he won consecutive battles with Futian and Laoyingpan. On August 1, 1933, the First Army of the Red Army held a grand commemoration of the August 1st Army Day in Ruijin. For his outstanding military exploits, Mao Zetan won a second-class Red Star Medal. In October 1973, when Deng Xiaoping, who had fought together with Mao Zetan, visited the Comrade Mao Zedong Memorial Hall in Shaoshan, he saw the portrait of the martyr Mao Zetan and couldn’t help saying:”He is a strong general in the early days of our army.”
An example of observing mass discipline
Mao Zetan once said,”The more difficult the situation is, the more we must obey the mass discipline in order to get the sincere support of the masses.” He set an example and set an example. In October 1934, the main force of the Central Red Army carried out a strategic shift. Mao Zetan was ordered to stay in the Central Soviet Area and served as a member of the Central Sub-bureau and the commander of the Red Army’s independent division, leading some of the remaining Red Army to persist in guerrilla warfare. Soon, the Kuomintang army made a comeback. The enemy carried out a frantic”cleanup” against the Central Soviet Area. Wherever he went, he implemented the brutal”three lights” policy in an attempt to make the Red Army and the guerrillas lose their foothold. On the one hand, Mao Zetan actively led the Red Army soldiers to look for opportunities, eliminate the enemy, and solve material difficulties; on the other hand, he educates cadres and soldiers to strengthen their revolutionary faith and confidence in victory, and repeatedly reminds everyone to strictly abide by mass discipline.
In February 1935, Mao Zetan was stationed with the Central Branch Bureau in Jingtang Village in Huanglong, the capital, and lived in the hall of Xie Daifa’s family, a member of the Red Army. He often took the time to help the landlord Xie Dasao pick water and chop wood, and sent people to help her plow the fields, which moved Dasao Xie very much. On the day of the Spring Festival, Xie Daifa specially sent rice cakes and rice cakes to Mao Zetan for New Year greetings. Mao Zetan was inconvenient to refuse, so he took out some matches and other items that were scarce in the Soviet area at the time and gave them back to her.
According to the instructions of the Central Telegram, the Central Branch decided to divide the besieged Red Army troops and local personnel into nine routes to break through. Mao Zetan led a company to move to the border of Fujian and Jiangxi. When he led his troops from the white goose in Huichang and passed by Jingtang Village again, the troops had lunch in Jingtang Village, thank you for bringing Fado made a bowl of dried vegetables for Mao Zetan, and put some peppers he likes specially. Mao Zetan immediately took out five cents and gave it to Xie Daifa. Xie Daifa said that she would not accept anything. She knew that the Red Army soldiers marched and fought for the poor workers and peasants. They didn’t even care for their lives. How could she be embarrassed to accept that bowl of vegetables? Mao Zetan seemed to see her thoughts, and patiently explained:”Our Red Army is disciplined, and the business is fair. You don’t charge money. I’d rather not let this bowl of vegetables dry.” Until Xie Daifa accepted the money, he Just started eating.
Resolute and courageous commander
Faced with the enemy’s frequent military offensives and cruel economic blockade, Mao Zetan led the remaining Red Army soldiers and suffered unimaginable difficulties. It can be counted, wild vegetables and boiled.” They fed up their hunger with bamboo shoots and wild fruits, and used thatch and leaves as blankets to deal with the enemy in the mountains. On April 25, 1935, Mao Zetan and his soldiers moved to the mountains near the eel mouth in Anzhi Township (now Zetan Township), Ruijin. In order not to disturb the masses, the troops concealed in an empty paper trough. In the early morning of the 26th, in the dead of night, the vigilant Mao Zetan found the enemy outside the paper trough. He immediately awakened the sleeping comrades and said quickly and firmly:”We are surrounded. Everyone should break through the side door of the paper trough, I Cover you…” After speaking, he immediately rushed out of the house, calmly challenged. The soldiers had to obey the order and withdraw quickly.
The enemy quickly surrounded him, and Mao Zetan knew that this time, he took out the red star medal from his body, looked at it affectionately, and placed it quietly under a large rock. At this time, the enemy’s bullets rained over. Suddenly, a bullet hit Mao Zetan’s right foot. He was about to raise a gun to fight back. Then, the head was wounded again, blood flowed down his cheeks, and he resisted the severe pain and continued fighting stubbornly. Unexpectedly, an enemy army went around behind him and fired a shot at him. The bullet penetrated Mao Zetan’s chest. Mao Zetan’s tall body fell, and the red blood stained the grass in front of the door. He gave his precious precious stone. s life.
In October 1935, the Central Red Army arrived in northern Shaanxi. After hearing the news of Mao Zetan’s sacrifice from the captured enemy’s radio station, Mao Zedong said to Mao Zemin:”After we broke through, the situation there was more serious than we thought. . I guess my younger brother has been sacrificed for some time. When my mother was alive, she called me to the bed to explain to me that she must take good care of the younger brother. I didn’t fulfill my responsibility to be the elder brother!” The brothers were deeply saddened. In June 1959, Mao Zedong returned to Shaoshan and looked at the portrait of the martyr Mao Zetan on the wall in the old house of Shangwuchang. His mind was uncomfortable:”This is my sixth brother Zetan. He is very smart, and his courage is greater than mine!” Mao Zedong Once said to secretary Tian Jiaying:”My brother is a staunch communist fighter.”