In 1959, Liu Shaoqi was elected as the new president of the country.
After Liu Shaoqi took office, Zeng patiently explained:“In our party, there are only three people who can be called positions, one is Chairman Mao, one is Premier Zhou, and the other is Commander-in-Chief Zhu. Because this is a habit formed over the years, there is no need to change it, and everyone should be called comrades.”
This also shows that their thoughts of equality have been deeply buried in their minds.
Being in a high position, but not letting others call your position
In 1949, there was an important meeting in our country called”Xibai Poe Meeting“, Liu Shaoqi at that meeting was the secretary of the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, as well as the vice chairman of the Central Military Commission and the secretary of the Central Working Committee.
All representatives respect Liu Shaoqi, so when they meet , Will unconsciously call out”Vice Chairman Liu”. This kind of address makes Liu Shaoqi very dissatisfied. He feels that when he is called into a position, he will always have a feeling of being praised as being superior. This is not a revolutionary. Goals that should be pursued.
So, in a meeting, Liu Shaoqi also specifically talked about naming. He felt that everyone is comrades who work together for a common goal. What is a comrade? Comrades are like-minded, so what should everyone call each other?
This question sentence makes everyone here a little puzzled. I don’t know what medicine Liu Shaoqi sells in the gourd.
No one can stand up and answer this question. Of course Liu Shaoqi also knows what everyone thinks, so he said loudly:“I call you comrades, and likewise, I also hope to be called comrades by you. You call me vice chairman. I always feel that there is a long distance between you and me. I don’t like it, just call me Comrade Shaoqi.”
After this incident, everyone finally understood what Liu Shaoqi was thinking, but some of them were called out inadvertently. In the past few years, everyone gradually got used to it and knew what to call Liu Shaoqi.
However, a small episode that made Liu Shaoqi feel unpleasant was later made.
In 1954, the first National People’s Congress was held vigorously in Beijing, which also marked that my country’s national political system was moving towards a more complete direction. In important meetings, Liu Shaoqi was elected as the first chairman of the committee. He used to be the vice chairman. Now he is the chairman of the committee and his position has been higher.
Therefore, some people feel that it is inappropriate to call it”Comrade Shaoqi”.
For example, one day when Liu Shaoqi was at work, the secretary next to him came to report the situation and suddenly called”Chairman”, which shocked Liu Shaoqi for a while. In the past, the chairman of the committee was called Chiang Kai-shek, and it has been a long time since he heard the word, and he was suddenly called out by the secretary, which really made Liu Shaoqi very angry.
Liu Shaoqi immediately blamed:“How can you call this suddenly? You are not allowed to call this in the future! Have you heard?”
The secretary felt a little aggrieved. By coincidence, Liu Shaoqi’s wife rushed over at this time. After knowing the cause and effect, she quickly came forward to relieve the siege. She said to the secretary:“Don’t be called the chairman, everyone in the family is called Comrade Shaoqi.”
These thoughts were not only after Liu Shaoqi became the first chairman of the committee. Yes, but they existed as early as the Red Army period.
That meeting was the most difficult stage of the revolution. The Kuomintang was besieged and the Red Army moved many times before gradually turning the crisis into peace. Most people in the meeting called each other”Comrade”,In this desperate situation, the word”comrade” can deepen the relationship between each other and play a The role of mutual support.
Later, New China was founded, and everyone was busy building. For the smooth operation of the state machinery, our country also established a political system, among which many positions were established in the party, government, and army. However, the common ideal Beliefs have not changed from beginning to end. Today, we still have to call each other comrades and work together in socialist construction.
Later, Chairman Mao also realized this problem. On August 3, 1959, he wrote a letter to Premier Zhou, Liu Shaoqi, etc., in which he talked about the problem of naming, and suggested that all comrades in the party should be called”comrades”, and it is best not to add positions. .
For a long time, everyone called each other comrades, which not only shortens the distance between each other, but also avoids comparing official positions High and low situations arise.
Liu Shaoqi once said:“In our party, there are only three people who can be called positions, one is Chairman Mao, one is Premier Zhou, and the other is Commander-in-Chief Zhu. There is no need to change the formed habit. To everyone else, you should call each other comrades.”
The three mentioned by Liu Shaoqi are incomparable
Everyone is called”comrade”, and these three great men can be referred to by their positions, which shows that the three great men have an important position in New China.
Chairman Mao does not need to say much. From the Zunyi Conference that turned the Chinese revolution into peace, everyone called him chairman and leader In the most difficult stage, our party has traversed the long march of 25,000 li.
After the outbreak of the Anti-Japanese War, he even wrote the most famous article “On Protracted War”, which directly pointed out our army The future will inevitably lead to victory. Everything is a matter of time, which has stabilized the military’s mind to a great extent.
Later, everything was in the process of his expectation. After eight years of arduous resistance, the KMT and the Communist Party finally drove away the Japanese invaders, and the masses of the people were finally protected from the invaders. trample.
At this moment, when the people all over the country hope to move towards peace, Chairman Mao, regardless of his own danger, rushed to Chongqing to negotiate with Chiang Kai-shek, But later Chiang Kai-shek unilaterally tore up the agreement, brazenly launched a civil war, and once again dragged the people of the whole country into dire straits. Under his leadership, the PLA troops fought more and more, shattered the conspiracy of the Chiang family and established a new China.
The New China is like a baby in a swaddling baby, surrounded by wolves, tigers and leopards, and Chairman Mao decided to resist US aggression and aid Korea with great courage. Smashing the American threat to China, he is definitely the most important existence in China’s modern history.
Therefore, when people call him, they are always habitual The combination of the surname and the word”chairman” together, no one can directly call out his name, and behind this it represents a kind of respect. At this time, if you call him”comrade”, I am afraid that no one will be able to say it, because he is the spiritual sustenance of the people of the whole country.
The second Premier Zhou , It was Chairman Mao who took the lead to shout first.
At that time, at the Second Plenary Session of the Seventh Central Committee, Chairman Mao Speaking of the government to be established in the future, he said:”Enlai is going to participate, because his position is prime minister.”
During his revolutionary career, Premier Zhou has always been Chairman Mao’s most powerful assistant, and he played an irreplaceable role in many major events. He was also enthusiastically supported by the whole party and the people of the whole country. After the founding ceremony, Chairman Mao even called Premier Zhou as the”Prime Minister.”
Therefore, the leaders of the party and state agencies, the whole country Compatriots of all ethnic groups habitually call him Premier Zhou. Because he is also a character that everyone admires and loves. Therefore, sometimes, people like Chairman Mao or Mr. Zhu will call him by his name, and in all other public places, everyone will call him”Prime Minister Zhou.”
Later, even if the surname is not added, and the word”Prime Minister” is used alone, the first reaction of most people is to call”Prime Minister Zhou”.
In addition, the third person is Commander-in-Chief Zhu De.
Mr. Zhu has an unparalleled important position in the army. Since 1930, he has been the commander-in-chief of the First Front of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army. After that, everyone called him”the boss”.
As for the reason, He is older and he is me One of the founders of the army, and the rest of the comrades always have this feeling:Elder Zhu always leads everyone to find the way forward as an elder; moreover, he has been the commander-in-chief in the army since he had the Red Army. He is also the highest commander in the army, so everyone calls him”the boss” and has never changed his mind.
The names of these three great men have always been what everyone is used to. They have been called this way for so many years, so it is absolutely unrealistic for everyone to change their words later.
For other people, Liu Shaoqi had planned to call each other as”comrades”, such as himself. He once said:“Look at it, my name is Comrade Chen Yun. How kind is this feeling.” , That’s because there is a distinction between high and low positions, and comrades symbolize an equal status.
Furthermore, the name comrade can be traced back to the Spring and Autumn Period. The original sentence is”Tongde is one heart, and one heart is comrade.” This The sentence can very well reflect the inner thoughts of the revolutionary fighters. Liu Shaoqi’s original intention is also very simple:Whenever everyone sees themselves, the first thing they think of is a comrade-in-arms who get along with him day and night, rather than a chairman of the country who holds a lot of power.