Traditional China In some countries in the cultural circle, due to the influence of Han culture, the country names are mostly related to Chinese history , Such as the name of the country of Vietnam and the name of North Korea come from the canonization of the Central Plains dynasty.
Vietnam was independent in 968, and the country was first named Daqu Yue, changed to Da Yue in 1054. Until 1802, when the Nguyen Dynasty was reunified, it was planned to change Da Yue to Nan Yue, and the report hit the Qing Dynasty. Emperor Jiaqing considered that there was a South Vietnamese country in history, encompassing Guangdong and Guangxi, so with a stroke of a pen, he turned South Vietnam upside down and became Vietnam.
and North Korea was established before Vietnam. At that time, Li Chenggui overthrew the Goryeo dynasty, and in order to gain the approval of Emperor Daming, he submitted two plans for North Korea and He Ning. The emperor of the Ming Dynasty Zhu Yuanzhang looked at it and felt that the word”Korea” came from a gentle origin and corresponded to the ancient country of the Han Dynasty, which was destroyed by the Han Dynasty. , Therefore ruled that North Korea was the new country name.
So where does the name of the Republic of Korea come from?
Some people speculate that Korea today is the Warring States seven heroes of Korea. After Qin Shihuang destroyed Korea, the Koreans moved around. One of them migrated to the peninsula to become the so-called three Koreans of Mahan, Chenhan, and Benhan in the future.
South Korea of the seven heroes of the Warring States Period in China, this part of the Korean population, In the beginning, the ancient capital of South Korea Yangdi and Xinzheng formed the Yingchuan county, such as Han Fei and Han Wangxin (note that it is not the Huaiyin Hou Han Xin) belongs to this part. Later it spread to the surrounding area, and to the Jianghuai area, there appeared soldiers like Han Xin. Later, the Han population migrated to the south. The Tang and Song Dynasties entered Fujian, Guangdong, and the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties went to Taiwan Province and overseas countries such as the Philippines and Malaysia.
But so far, there is no Han family tree that says to go to Korea.
In the 1950s, Korean historians proposed another A statement. It is believed that South Korea is indeed related to the”South Korea” in Chinese history, but it is not the more well-known South Korea of the Seven Heroes of the Warring States Period, but the older Spring and Autumn Korea.
South Korea in the Spring and Autumn Period was not in Xinzheng, Henan, but in Hancheng, Shaanxi today. Compared with the former, the latter is indeed not well-known, and it is only a county-level city in Shaanxi Province. In terms of geographical location, it is located in the east of Shaanxi, the west bank of the Yellow River, and the northeast corner of the Guanzhong Basin.
Hancheng This place was called Longmen in the early days, that is, Xia Yu’s guide river stone. As for The Dragon Gate” is actually the Dragon Gate of the folk tale”Carp Jumping into the Dragon Gate”. In the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty, Zhou Wu Wang Jifa once sealed one of his sons here, the earliest South Korea in history.
Spring and Autumn are the era of big countries eating small countries, 757 BC , This early version of Korea was wiped out by Jin Kingdom. Some Korean historians say that the earliest ethnic group in South Korea today is the ethnic group of this Shaanxi version of South Korea. It is also said that after the demise of South Korea, the Korean ethnic group migrated to Gucheng, Hebei (now Baoding), and then moved to the Korean Peninsula.
While the seven heroes of the Warring States Period in Korea, it was later that the Jin Dynasty canonized the place of Hancheng to a minister, using the fief as the surname, and then there was the Warring States version of Korea. Of course, this Han family is also part of the Ji surname. Generally speaking, it is the same as the Han family above, except that the initial version of the Han family had been separated as early as the time of King Zhou Wu. Later, this Han family, then It did not appear until the Spring and Autumn Period of Eastern Zhou Dynasty.
Some historians in South Korea believe that the name of South Korea is From this Zhou Wuwang version of South Korea. It is precisely because of the existence of such a period of historical facts that the so-called three Koreans of Mahan, Chenhan, and Benhan have risen above the peninsula. . Until Benhan, part of the evolution was called Silla, and eventually annexed other Koreans to unify the peninsula.
At the end of the 19th century, the 26th king of North Korea, Gojong Lee Hee, saw that the Qing Dynasty’s national power was declining, so he upgraded the country’s name from the Kingdom of Korea to an empire, but the country no longer used North Korea. I chose”Han” as my number.
As a result, the name South Korea began to be used until it was annexed by Japan in 1910. After World War II, the Korean peninsula was separated from north to south, and the name of the Republic of Korea was used on the southern part.
So are the opinions of some Korean historians the final conclusion? The following statement seems more credible and has historical records.
The earliest Korean version of King of Korea in history is not actually a descendant of the Chinese version of Spring and Autumn Korea or Sengoku Korea, but an earlier Yin Shang dynasty, that is, Jizi, the uncle of the Shang Chong dynasty, took refuge in the Korean Peninsula after the fall of the Shang dynasty, and then the Zhou Wu king named him a vassal. Jizi once returned to the Central Plains from the peninsula to worship the Emperor Zhou, and passed the ancient capital of Yin and Shang. Farmland, apart from sadness, wrote a song called”Mai Xiu Song”. When the old folks listened to the song, they all shed tears.
In the early years of the Western Han Dynasty, there was another swallow Entering the peninsula, the leader is Weiman. Jizi’s descendant, Ji Jun, took Weiman in and gave him hundreds of miles of land in the west. The original intention was to let him guard the western border for himself. As a result, all the tigers were raised, and the throne of North Korea was finally taken by Weiman. They can only go further south.
Today Koreans believe that the south where Ji Jun and his descendants go is now South Korea. Ji Jun called himself the King of Han, and after his death, the country was divided into three. The more natives called Mahan, and the more Qin and Han survivors were Benhan and Chenhan. Among them, Chen Han, pronounced close to Qin, is generally considered to be Qin Han, that is, Qin immigrants in Korea. As for the difference between Benhan and Chenhan, the former maintains the Qin language, while the latter accepts Korean as its own language.
In other words, according to this version, South Korea People have nothing to do with the two versions of Korea in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period. The Koreans in China are descendants of the Zhou people. South Korea’s Han is a three-in-one combination of”the descendants of Yin and Shang + the indigenous people of the southern Korean peninsula + Qin immigrants”.
Later, Mahan evolved into the later Baekje, and Chenhan evolved into Silla. In the late 7th century, Silla used the power of the Tang Dynasty to destroy Baekje and Goguryeo, and later expelled Tang’s power on the Korean Peninsula. In 676, the central-southern area of the Korean Peninsula south of the Datong River was unified. Seriously, such a region is a real Korean country.
For this reason, a city that truly reflects Korean history, It is not Pyongyang or Seoul, but Gyeongju in southeastern South Korea, the capital of Silla. It is called the”Museum without Walls”. Mountains, valleys, royal tombs, stone towers, Buddha statues, and temple sites are almost everywhere, and are listed on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. In 1973, the”Tianma Tomb” was excavated here, and the unearthed objects resembled the golden crown of the Silla era. It is known as the largest and most gorgeous of such crowns.