On February 17, 1979, under the order of the Central Military Commission, more than half a million Chinese border guards gathered on the Sino-Vietnamese border and launched a war of punishment against Vietnam on the east and west sides.
Soon, against Vietnam The self-defense counterattack achieved a glorious victory. Not only did the east and west lines advance 30 to 50 kilometers deep into the northern border of Vietnam, regaining the Chinese territory occupied by Vietnam, but also annihilated more than 57,000 Vietnamese troops in one fell swoop, fully realizing the pre-war Predetermined strategic goals.
At that time, the two founding generals of New China were in charge of the self-defense counterattack against Vietnam:Yang Dezhi, commander of the Kunming Military Region, who commanded operations on the western front, and Xu Shiyou, commander of the Guangzhou Military Region, who commanded operations on the eastern front.
However, although the self-defense counterattack against Vietnam has achieved a brilliant victory, this war is obviously not perfect. Because, while achieving brilliant victories and achieving the predetermined strategic goals, the People’s Liberation Army and the former militia also paid span style=”color:231F20; –tt-darkmode-color:A7A1A3;”>The cost of sacrificing 6,954 people and injuring more than 14,800 people has exposed many problems.
With a long history and glorious record, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army, which once defeated the American army head-on on the battlefield and gained the reputation of”invincible land warfare”, is teaching the students they once taught-Vietnam The army encountered such a large number of casualties during the war of punishment.
Although there are many objective factors , Such as insufficient training, inadequate weapons and equipment, poor logistics supplies, unfamiliarity with the local environment and other objective factors, but such a large casualty still gives people the impression of white walls and slight flaws.
Therefore, many people cannot help but imagine that when the self-defense counterattack against Vietnam was launched in 1979, if the war was commanded by General Su Yu, would our army’s results be even more brilliant, the People’s Liberation Army Will the casualties be smaller as a result?
Undoubtedly, although Xu Shiyou and Yang Dezhi are also the founding generals of New China’s military exploits, they are also legendary generals of our army, but they are not the same as General Su Yu in terms of military exploits, achievements or prestige. One order of magnitude.
Therefore, in theory, if Su Yu commanded the 1979 self-defense counterattack against Vietnam, then the result would most likely be better than originally planned. That being the case, why didn’t the Military Commission choose General Su Yu to be in charge of Go out, but choose Xu Shiyou and Yang Dezhi instead?
In fact, in 1979, the Military Commission decided to launch a countermeasure against Vietnam. During the more self-defense counterattack, not only Su Yu was alive, but Liu Bocheng, Xu Xiangqian, Nie Rongzhen and Ye Jianying among the top ten generals, Su Yu, Huang Kecheng, Tan Zheng, and Xiao Jinguang among the ten generals were all alive. As for the seniority of the founding generals There are even more people who are not weaker than Xu Shiyou and are still alive.
Then why did Deng Xiaoping choose Xu Shiyou, a brave general who is not good at strategy?
In fact, you can think about this question in another way:If you don’t choose Xu Shiyou, who can you choose? Among the four living marshals, Marshal Ye Jianying rarely participated in front-line combat, and at this time Ye Shuai served as chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress.Position, every day, therefore, Ye Jianying is naturally impossible to be the commander-in-chief.
Marshal Liu Bocheng’s situation is similar. Although Liu Shuai has made great achievements in the war years, he is even more known as the”Military God”, but since the founding of New China, Liu Shuai has already leftThe frontline troops began to prepare for the establishment of military academies.
Therefore, by 1979, Liu Shuai had been separated from the frontline troops for 30 years. In addition, at this time, Marshal Liu Bocheng was 87 years old. No matter his energy or physical condition, Liu Shuai was not allowed. The handsome is in command. Therefore, Liu Shuai was naturally excluded.
Marshal Nie Rongzhen is also in the same situation. On the one hand, Ye Shuai is already 80 years old, and his body cannot withstand high-intensity combat. On the other hand, Nie Shuai, the vice chairman of the Central Military Commission, also needs to control the overall situation and cannot go to the front line to command operations.
Marshal Xu Xiangqian is even more so. Xu Shuai, as one of the most superb commanding generals in our army, was known for commanding large corps as early as the Red Army era. Therefore, if he came to command a self-defense counterattack against Vietnam, there would be no problem.
However, at this time, Marshal Xu has been appointed as the Vice Premier and Minister of Defense of the State Council. Therefore, Xu Shuai only serves as a decision maker in the self-defense counterattack war against Vietnam, not as a front-line commander.
In this way, the four marshals are too old on the one hand, and on the other hand are in the center. They need to coordinate and direct the overall situation. Naturally, they don’t have the time and energy to go to the Sino-Vietnamese border to command this self-defense counterattack against Vietnam.
So, born in 1907, even more Wouldn’t it be the most appropriate for General Xu Shiyou to command the Eastern Front and General Su Yu who was two years younger?
On the one hand, as the god of war recognized by our army, Su Yu’s command art has long been recognized worldwide. If General Su Yu commanded a self-defense counterattack against Vietnam, it would naturally be as easy as a sledgehammer.
On the other hand, at this time, General Su Yu did not have extremely busy and indispensable positions, but only served as a member of the Central Committee. Therefore, he also has plenty of time to serve as the chief officer of the self-defense counterattack against Vietnam. Job.
Then why Su Yu, who seems to be the most suitable general, has not been selected by the center?
First of all, and the most regrettable reason, General Su Yu is younger than the other veterans at this time, but his physical condition is even more Oops, it is not enough to support him commanding a huge war of 100,000 people.
Although Su Yu, born in 1907, was the top ten general He is the young founding general among the top 10 generals, but in terms of body, General Su Yu is far from good.
Su Yu, who participated in the Wuchang Uprising in 1927, participated in all the wars since the founding of New China, and spent most of his time fighting alone in areas far from the center. Therefore, Su Yu, who had survived a hundred battles, was seriously injured on the battlefield six times.
The worst thing is that due to the extremely bad conditions during the war, it is difficult to obtain timely and adequate treatment after being injured. Therefore, Su Yuda will be injured many times and his body becomes very bad. For example, General Su Yu had three pieces of shrapnel in his head until he died and was cremated. His arm was also permanently disabled after being injured on the battlefield.
So, Su Yuda made his body very bad due to the cruel and high-intensity war and repeated serious injuries. Coincidentally, physical reasons were also a key factor in the failure of General Su Yu to lead troops to the Korean battlefield at the beginning of the founding of the country.
After the founding of New China, Su Yuda will be Intensive use of the brain, coupled with repeated serious injuries before, the body has long been overwhelmed, Su Yuda at the time was so bad that he could not work.
So, when Su Yu was ordered by Chairman Mao to lead troops to North Korea, Su Yu was originally going to take office. However, his health has not seen any better, and in the end he was so bad that he had to go to Soviet Union for treatment. In desperation, Chairman Mao had to change generals and finally let Marshal Peng Dehuai lead his troops out on the Korean battlefield.
After 1976, as he got older, General Su Yu’s health became worse, his heart disease became more serious, and he developed pericarditis, pleurisy, and pneumonia.
As we all know, war is a contest for the survival of a country and even a nation, and nothing can be neglected. Therefore, as a war commander, the things to consider are extremely complicated, which places extremely high demands on the energy and brain power of the commander.
It is extremely regrettable that although he has a very high Military talent, but Su Yu’s body has been unable to support such high-intensity mental and physical labor .
Therefore, even if the world feels regretful, even if General Su Yu wants to serve the country, he has more than enough energy.
In fact, as early as the year before the outbreak of the self-defense counterattack against Vietnam, in 1978, General Su Yu planned to go south and walk where he once fought.
The purpose is to return to Jinggang Mountain to recall the history of the struggle at that time, and the other is to use the identity of the parties involved to fully summarize the experience and lessons of the Red Army’s northward anti-Japanese advance team.
However, not long after he went south, General Su Yu’s body He was unable to support his plan, and eventually had to return halfway due to illness, and his long-cherished wish was not fulfilled.
In 1981, Su Yu suffered a cerebral hemorrhage. Not only was his body worse, his memory was also seriously damaged. Therefore, the poor physical condition became the most important factor that Su Yuda would not be able to command a self-defense counterattack against Vietnam.
Secondly, in 1979, Su Yu had been away from the frontline troops for 20 years. At this time, Su Yu was very unfamiliar with the frontline troops of the People’s Liberation Army. He was far from familiar with Xu Shiyou and others who had been serving in the military. To understanding.
As the saying goes,”knowing the enemy and confidant can only survive a hundred battles.” Numerous facts in ancient and modern China and abroad tell us that the most feared battle is the unprepared battle. As the god of war of our army, Su Yu naturally knows this best.
However, since 1958, General Su Yu He has already left the first line of troops and began to retreat to the second line, becoming the deputy dean of the Academy of Military Sciences.
Therefore, even a war-god who has made great achievements, after more than 20 years of leaving the frontline troops, it is impossible to immediately command the army to victory in battle. He needs to have a full understanding of the troops.
At that time, due to Vietnam’s constant provocations and international tensions, it was precisely impossible to give Su Yu enough and sufficient time to get acquainted with the army. Ji, the central government and Su Yu would naturally not make such a mistake.
Similarly, this reason is also the reason why Deng Xiaoping chose Xu Shiyou and Yang Dezhi as the commanders of the self-defense counterattack against Vietnam. Because these two men not only have always served in the army and have never left the army, but they are also the people who know the battlefield in Vietnam best.
Before the self-defense counterattack against Vietnam broke out, Xu Shiyou served as the commander of the Guangzhou Military Region for a long time. The Guangzhou Military Region is directly adjacent to Vietnam. It is not only the main force of aid to Vietnam, but also the local environment. It is also very similar. Therefore, Xu Shiyou is naturally the leading general who knows Vietnam best.
And Yang Dezhi is also in a similar situation, starting from Wuhan was transferred to Kunming Military Region Commander Yang Dezhi. He served as a military adviser to Vietnam during the Anti-U.S. Aid to Vietnam, personally I have been to Vietnam and have a considerable understanding of the Vietnamese army and Vietnamese terrain.
Again, since the self-defense counterattack against Vietnam is that the Chinese army’s experience, armament and training are inferior to that of the Vietnam army, the momentum of this battle is more important.
In terms of motivating morale and fighting bravery, Xu Shiyou ranks first among the People’s Liberation Army. Since joining the Red Army, Xu Shiyou has been a famous warrior of the Fourth Red Army. He has always been known for being brave and not afraid of death and taking the lead in combat. This is completely different from Su Yu’s”wise general” style.
Facts have also proved this. At that time, after Xu Shiyou arrived at the front line, he found that the frontline officers and soldiers generally had many problems, such as a large number of recruits, backward military equipment, insufficient long-term training, and lack of actual combat experience.
When it was decided to launch a self-defense counterattack against Vietnam in 1979, China has just decided to reform and open for less than a year. Therefore, China at this time is not very strong in terms of economic or technological strength.
Together with well-known reasons, the overall military quality of the army was not ideal at that time. On the one hand, due to insufficient training, the military quality of the army was generally not as strong as before, on the other hand, it was because of a large number of recruits. , The proportion of recruits is high.
Moreover, it should not be ignored that at that time, most of China’s most elite main forces were stationed in the north. The purpose was to prevent the Soviet army with millions of soldiers from going south and support Vietnam.
Therefore, the Chinese border troops who actually participated in the war Most of the teachers are. In addition, in 1979, China had not participated in large-scale wars for more than 10 years, so the actual combat experience of the troops was also very scarce.
The worst thing is that none of these problems can be solved immediately. Therefore, in order to deter Xiao Xiao, Xu Shiyou even directly issued the order of ten kills. Under the combined use of enlightenment and power, the morale and fighting will of the frontline troops was suddenly greatly improved, which also laid the foundation for the victory of the self-defense counterattack.
In this regard, although General Su Yu may not be unable to do this, as the so-called clever woman can hardly cook without rice, Su Yu obviously cannot do better than Xu Shiyou. In this case, choosing Xu Shiyou who is more familiar with the army and Vietnam is naturally more appropriate.
Finally, it was also related to General Su Yu’s identity at the time. General Su Yu has been relegated to the second line since he”stepped aside” in 1958, and has never been reused.
After the reform and opening up in 1978, after the second-generation leadership collective headed by Deng Xiaoping came to power, due to various reasons, this situation has still not undergone a fundamental change. This naturally became an important reason why Su Yu failed to be reused and set off for Vietnam.
Of course, in addition to the above four reasons, there is actually another factor, that is, let Su Yu, who has always been known as the”God of War”, command a self-defense counterattack against Vietnam, to some extent It’s overkill.
Vietnam is just a small country on the southern border of China that has become a white-eyed wolf. No matter what combat experience and achievements it has, we are strategically qualified to despise it.
This can also be seen from Deng Xiaoping’s description of the self-defense counterattack war against Vietnam. When Deng Xiaoping mentioned the self-defense counterattack war against Vietnam, he had a very vivid and vivid metaphor, that is:”The kid is disobedient, it’s time to spank”.
Therefore, Vietnam is only a disobedient”child” in China’s mind. No matter how rebellious it is, how blinded it is, because China has never had ambitions for the Vietnamese territory, it will never fall. When the US military entered the Vietnam War, China was inherently invincible, and naturally, it did not need to dispatch its own god of war. Sending two founding generals to command a self-defense counterattack against Vietnam is enough to give Vietnam”face”.