As a great man of a generation, Mao Zedong is deeply admired by the whole party, the whole army and the people of all ethnic groups throughout the country.
Mao Zedong’s greatness lies in his achievements, and even more in his extraordinary personality. Because of this, Mao Zedong’s work, study, family, life, emotions, and even personal”privacy”. ; Will be spread and become a topic that people talk about. These details often reflect his extraordinary personality charm, such as patched socks and pajamas.
As the saying goes,”the subtlety sees the spirit.” The more the details, the greater the greatness.
For most people, one People, a family’s food, clothing, housing, transportation, water, electricity, heating, firewood, rice, oil, salt, etc., these trivial matters of life, no one cares at all, and it is not a secret. But as the leader of the party and the country, how does Mao Zedong make money and how Spending money These personal matters are the focus of people’s concern. It is only because they are not public and rarely known that they become Mao Zedong’s”secrets.”
It was not until 15 years after Mao Zedong’s death that the”secret” of Mao Zedong’s spending was revealed because of a pile of”waste paper.”
Mao Zedong’s relics:a pile of waste paper, uncovering secrets
On September 9, 1976, the great leader Chairman Mao passed away suddenly and left us forever.
Chairman Mao devoted himself to the revolutionary cause, leaving us with precious spiritual wealth and many objects from his lifetime. These relics have witnessed Chairman Mao’s glorious and great life. Most of them have become precious historical relics with incalculable value. .
After the death of Chairman Mao, the relevant departments carefully sorted out his relics. Some relics were collected by Mao Zedong’s children and relatives, and some relics were used as cultural relics to witness history and were successively handed over to the Central Archives and Mao Zedong. Chairman’s Memorial Hall, Hunan Shaoshan Comrade Mao Zedong Memorial Hall and other related institutions are properly kept for research or exhibition.
There are many relics of Mao Zedong, many of which have become The”fish that slipped through the net” was not filed in time.
In October 1990, the staff of the Comrade Mao Zedong Memorial Hall in Shaoshan, Hunan Province were in Zhongnanhai“Treasure Hunt”.
A few days ago, they received a notice that Zhongnanhai has some “old objects”, maybe It is something related to Chairman Mao’s life. I hope they will send someone to sort out and screen it together. If it is a valuable item, it can be handed over to the memorial for safekeeping.
After receiving the notice, the memorial hall will quickly arrange The manpower came to Beijing. With the help of comrades from the Central Security Bureau, the staff found a large number of valuable items in a basement somewhere in Zhongnanhai. Most of these items were related to Mao Zedong’s affairs during his lifetime. The staff were very excited. After sorting out the items, they contacted the Central Guard The bureau handed over the relics.
Just when the relics were handed over, when the staff of the memorial hall were about to go back home, the comrades from the Central Guard Bureau pointed to the dusty piles piled up in the corner of the basement “Waste paper” says, “Do you want these things Take a look?”
The staff member took a glance, walked over, brushed the dust off the paper, and flipped through the paper. It doesn’t matter if they turn it over, they have an unexpected discovery , but they don’t have time to sort it out on site, so they put this bunch of The”waste paper” was shipped back to Shaoshan.
After returning to Shaoshan, the staff of the memorial hall vacated their hands and sorted out the accounts that were”rescued” from the basement. Only after this sorting, they truly understand how lucky they are and what value the rescued items have.
With this pile of”waste paper”, they finally uncovered the”secret” of Mao Zedong’s money spent during his lifetime.
What exactly is this pile of”waste paper”? The answer is revealed:They are Mao Zedong’s living accounts.
Mao Zedong’s”Secret” of Spending Money:Life Accounts, Nothing Big or Small
After a patient and meticulous inventory, the staff sorted out a total of Mao Zedong’s living expenses income and expenditure table 11 copies, daily miscellaneous expenses 4 books, 2 grain books, 2 items ledger.
These ledgers have a long time span. They started shortly after the founding of the People’s Republic of China in the early 1950s and continued until January 1977, the year after Mao Zedong’s death, and the contents of the records are even more complete. , From the income and expenditure report of living expenses to the report of various daily expenses, the writing is very specific, and it can be said that the matter is not detailed.
Take January 1968 as an example, the detailed account of Mao Zedong’s family life income and expenditure has six items listed in the column of account expenditure:
“Monthly rent 125.02 yuan; December and January party fees 40 yuan; consumer goods 92.96 yuan; liquid gas 9.6 yuan; food 659.13 yuan; free Wang Jifan and Zhang Shizhao 4,400 yuan.”
In Zhongnanhai with towering red walls In this account, the founding leader who had looked up to hundreds of millions of people was restored to the status of the ordinary head of the family, using his own income to support the family’s food, clothing, housing, transportation, firewood, rice, oil and salt.
Through the analysis of these accounts, it is found that Mao Zedong’s living expenses mainly include the following parts.
1, housing rent, including Rents for furniture, home appliances, etc. in the house.
Seeing this, many people must be very strange? Mao Zedong still pays rent? Does he live in a rented house?
At that time, the cadre supply system was not implemented, and the state cadres did not allocate housing? In fact, until now, some places still retain the tail of the supply system. As the leader of the party and the country, how could Mao Zedong pay rent?
In the era of planned economy, state officials did allocate housing, and the price was still relatively low. Mao Zedong originally had the qualification to allocate housing, but he did not have real property rights until his death. Mao Zedong has always lived in Zhongnanhai, but Zhongnanhai is the office of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. All assets are owned by the state and are publicly owned. /span> Mao Zedong’s residence is the same.
The office is equipped by the state to meet work needs. Of course, there is no need to pay, but the house where Mao Zedong and his family live is public. Mao Zedong only has the right to use it, and because it is used for personal purposes, You must pay money and pay the rent.
Not only do Mao Zedong’s houses have to pay rent, but the furniture in the house includes sleeping beds, racks for hanging clothes, tables, chairs and benches, carpets, and refrigerators in the kitchen. All are owned by the public, and all need to be paid.
How much rent does Mao Zedong need to pay every month? According to Wu Liandeng, the housekeeper of Mao Zedong’s family life, the monthly rent is about 80 yuan, plus water and electricity costs. , Gas, heating and other fixed expenses, on average, about 124 yuan per month.
Actually, even if Mao Zedong did not pay the money, or defaulted, no one would be held accountable, and no one would even bring it up, but Chairman Mao himself said:“As the chairman, I live and use things that belong to the public house. How can I not pay for it? It would be a waste of living and occupying public property? What about the old wealth of those landlords!”
As long as Chairman Mao takes the lead in handing it in, no one in Zhongnanhai will not pay it. This is the role of the leader.
(2) Water fee , Electricity, gas, heating.
Yes, you read that right, Chairman Mao and his elderly, not only pay for the use of fixed assets (rent), but also pay for water, electricity and heating, just like us in the era of commercial housing. The bill shows very clearly, “Liquefied Petroleum Gas:9.6 yuan”, and Mao Zedong personally paid the amount.
(3) Purchase daily necessities and other miscellaneous expenses.
As mentioned earlier, houses, furniture, water, electricity and heating are provided by the public, and Mao Zedong himself pays for it, while Mao Zedong and his family buy daily necessities, such as buying books, clothes, and tea. The cost of buying cigarettes, and buying dental utensils, toilet paper, matchboxes, etc. are purely personal expenses, and you have to spend money on your own.
As we all know, Mao Zedong likes to drink tea and smokes. He consumes about 2 kilograms of tea per month. He smokes more severely. Generally, he smokes about 3 packs a day. These daily necessities cost at least dozens of dollars. .
(4) Food expenses.
Food expenses are the bulk of Mao Zedong’s personal expenses. In addition to the food expenses of Mao Zedong and his family members himself, Mao Zedong likes to treat guests to dinner. Sometimes he invites his friends, relatives, and teachers to dinner, sometimes It’s to invite revolutionary comrades to dinner. No matter who you invite to dinner, as long as Mao Zedong says “I want a treat today”, the fee is From Mao Zedong’s personal salary, public funds must not be used.
After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, many relatives and fellow villagers from Hunan came to visit Beijing. Others came all the way, and at least they had to invite each other to have a meal and bring some gifts back. These were all paid by Mao Zedong. . Later, Mao Zedong set a rule that visitors from Hunan’s hometown must be approved by him, otherwise no reception will be arranged, because there are too many and too frequent people, and his salary is not enough to entertain guests.
Mao Zedong has a habit of working regardless of day and night, even black and white. He often organizes meetings at night. If the meeting is held until 12 o’clock in the evening, he will arrange a midnight snack for the people in the meeting. The cost of this evening meal It was Mao Zedong who paid for it himself.
According to Wu Liandeng’s recollection, Mao Zedong’s monthly food expenses averaged about about 100 yuan.
(5) Mao Zedong’s dining expenses when he went out.
This point is even more difficult for everyone to understand. Could it be that Mao Zedong went to a place for a business trip and had to pay for it himself?
It’s really like that, even if you drink a cup of tea in official activities, Mao Zedong has to pay for it out of his own pocket.
Mao Zedong’s steward Wu Liandeng recalled:“You must pay for tea when you drink tea. We bring our own tea. And in places such as the Great Hall and Diaoyutai, we forgot to bring tea. If I use someone’s cup of tea, I usually do it irregularly or regularly, and the longest is no more than a month. I have to go to these places to make it once. Accounts.”
In the era of planned economy, a quota system is implemented. Everyone has a quota on how much food he consumes every month. When buying vegetables, selling meat, and buying food, he has to rely on votes. For example, Mao Zedong sometimes went to Changsha and Hangzhou. When you wait for meetings in places, eat out during the period, etc., you must consciously pay food stamps.
On May 22, 1965, Mao Zedong, who had been away for 35 years, returned to Jinggangshan. He lived in Jinggangshan. When Mao Zedong left 7 days later, he left two invoices issued by the communication office of Jinggangshan Administration Bureau, one of which said “The chief’s food expenses for 7 days, 2.5 yuan per day, totaling 17.50 yuan”; the other is &34; the chief’s payment Tickets are 23 pounds. &34;
On one occasion, Mao Zedong had a meeting in Hangzhou and ate at a famous local restaurant. After the meal, the manager resolutely refused to collect any money, but the guard refused to pay. Afterwards, Mao Zedong refused to pay. After learning about it, he severely criticized the guard and paid for the meal.
This is Mao Zedong, the great leader, with a clear distinction between public and private, almost harsh.
(6) Mao Zedong subsidized the expenditure of others.
In addition to the expenses of Mao Zedong himself and his family members, Mao Zedong also sponsored relatives and friends from time to time.
After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, some relatives and friends wrote to Mao Zedong from time to time about their difficulties in life, hoping that Mao Zedong would arrange jobs for them and solve the income problem. Mao Zedong would refuse every time they encountered such a situation, but at the same time He would send his own money to the other party to support them, and even in many cases, Mao Zedong paid out of his own pocket for the medical expenses and travel subsidies of the staff around him.
After Mao Zedong’s death, the staff around him recalled Mao Zedong’s time before his death. Whether it was a guard, secretary, health care doctor, driver, or attendant, they almost all mentioned Mao Zedong’s financial assistance to them. Mao Zedong’s living expenditure account book shows:
From February 24 to June 30, 1965, short In just four months, Mao Zedong used his own money to pay 72.8 yuan for medical expenses of the staff around him, and 280.35 yuan for business trip subsidies, an average of nearly 90 yuan per month.
If a list of people funded by Mao Zedong is drawn up, this list must be very long, long, and even inexhaustible, because even cadres who don’t know write letters to Mao Zedong, Mao Zedong also Will generously donate.
In the first half of 1973, an elementary school teacher in Putian County in Fujian Province wrote to Mao Zedong, reflecting My children go to the countryside to become educated youths, and they can’t earn a penny a year through hard work. They all rely on family subsidies, and their own life is also very difficult. In case I have a problem, my child’s life will be a problem. I hope it will cause Mao Zedong’s problems. Pay attention.
Mao Zedong was very moved after receiving the letter. He personally replied to Li Qinglin:“Comrade Li Qinglin:Send 300 There are so many things like this in the whole country, and they should be solved in a coordinated way.” This 300 yuan was instructed by Mao Zedong to pay for Wang Dongxing from his contribution fees.
Mao Zedong can give 300 yuan to an elementary school teacher who I don’t know at all, let alone other relatives and friends.
A sum of money, all kinds of burdens, are vivid in the accounts.
In the January 1968 expenditure table, there is a huge expenditure that is particularly eye-catching:Send Wang Jifan and Zhang Shizhao 4,400 yuan.
What is going on here? Zhang Shizhao was a good friend of Mao Zedong in his youth. In the 1920s, Mao Zedong wanted to raise money to go to Europe for work-study studies with a group of progressive students. It took a lot of money. Mao Zedong couldn’t afford so much money for a while, so he asked Zhang Shizhao for help. Zhang Shizhao didn’t say anything, so he went everywhere to help raise money. , And finally lent to Mao Zedong 20,000 silver dollars.
Later, the work-study program in Europe failed to take place, so Mao Zedong used RMB 20,000 for the revolutionary movement. Due to limited economic conditions, Mao Zedong has not been able to return Zhang Shizhao’s 20,000 yuan, and he was still thinking about the arrears until 1963.
From the beginning of this year, Mao Zedong returned to Zhang Shizhao 2000 yuan, until 1972 finally paid off all loan.
It stands to reason that this loan was used for official business and could be fully repaid by public debt, but Mao Zedong used his personal contribution fees to repay this huge sum of money, and Mao Zedong continued to repay it for more than 40 years. The interest lasted until Zhang Shizhao’s death.
This is Mao Zedong, the great leader, not just a distinction between public and private, but also a selfless, self-serving public.
Mao Zedong’s way of making money:wages and manuscript fees, there is no other way
From the above analysis, it can be seen that Mao Zedong’s family expenses are very large and the burden is heavy, but This is not all.
Life steward Wu Liandeng explained Mao Zedong’s family burden:
“In addition to Chairman Mao’s family, Li Ne is I am looking forward to it here. Li Min moved out of Zhongnanhai after getting married; there is also Li Yunlu, one of Jiang Qing’s older sisters, and she has a child; in fact, Mao Yuanxin has also been growing up in the chairman’s house. Each person is about 30 yuan per month. The living expenses of Mao Zedong. The chairman bears such a population, and the family expenses are indeed relatively large.”
In other words, Mao Zedong has been responsible for all the expenses of a large family for a long time.
Because of this, Wu Liandeng said:“I took charge of the accounts for a total of 12 years. From 1964 By 1976, Chairman Mao’s account was easy to manage, but difficult to manage. What was the difficulty? There was no money.”
Why do you say there is no money? Because compared with his expenditure, Mao Zedong’s income is really not high.
Where does Mao Zedong’s income come from? Two parts:salary and manuscript fees, there is no other way.
According to the wage standards at the time”Mao Zedong’s salary is 404.8 yuan per month. This salary standard is the first salary for national staff in July 1955. It was set at the time of the system and remained unchanged until his death; Jiang Qing’s salary was month 243 yuan, rising in the late 1960s It was 304.7 yuan, which was a high salary at the time, but it couldn’t support Mao Zedong’s burden of a family’s expenses. p>
When the salary is not enough, Wu Liandeng goes to Mao Zedong for money, and Mao Zedong will use his own manuscript fees.
What is the total amount of Mao Zedong’s contribution fees? This is a small”mystery”.
There are many rumors on the Internet that”Selected Works of Mao Zedong” and”Poems of Mao Zedong” have a huge circulation throughout the country, so Mao Zedong “We have made a fortune”, and even came up with something “100 million yuan of manuscript fee”, to say that Mao Zedong is “billionaire”.
This is undoubtedly a random fabrication, Authoritative information has confirmed that Mao Zedong’s entire manuscript fee after the founding of the People’s Republic of China was just a little more than 1.24 million. All fees are managed by the Central Special Accounting Office. Mao Zedong himself does not handle it, and other family members cannot intervene. When the salary is not enough or there are major expenses, It must be signed and approved by Mao Zedong in writing before can be transferred and spent from the manuscript fee.
In September 1976, before Mao Zedong died, he did not leave a huge amount of more than 1 million yuan as an inheritance to his children, but gave it all to the party and the state. After the death of Mao Zedong, the leader of the people who had dedicated everything to the revolution and could have a huge amount of wealth, all the cash left was only 7 sheetsThe renminbi issued at the early stage of the founding of New China totaled 700 yuan, which is less than today’s 10 yuan.
Mao Zedong did not give the children Leaving any real estate, car, or cash, leaves precious spiritual wealth to the children. Many people don’t understand why he treats himself and his family so harshly, even to the point where he is “non-humane” ?
Mao Zedong gave the best explanation in his own words:
“If I eat, spend, use, and take casually, ministers, provincial governors, county heads and village heads can be okay, and this country can’t be governed!”
If you do something from the top, you must do what the next. Mao Zedong, who is familiar with history, certainly understands this truth. For the integrity and self-discipline of the whole party and the whole country, he must set an example and lead by example. , So he ordered a “three chapters of the law” with the staff around him:
1. All the things the chief needs, the local must pay for the goods, and the other party does not need the money, we will not accept the goods.
2. Strictly implement the 5 instructions in the notice of the central government on prohibiting guests and gifts:do not eat too much Drinking, treats and gifts, public and private, extravagant and wasteful, do not use any name to ask for things from the place without paying.
It is precisely because of Mao Zedong’s clear distinction between public and private and strict self-discipline that cadres across the country can perform and be effective. If you go the other way, the situation will be out of control, just like Li Shangyin’s poem in”Song History”:“Looking at the former sage’s country and family , The success comes from diligence and thrift, the destruction comes from extravagance.”
In 1994, this pile of ledgers discovered in the basement of Zhongnanhai and yellowed by the years was identified as a national first-class cultural relic. It witnessed the paragraph “The leader’s family has no private property”’s history has witnessed the great leader Chairman Mao“One Divide a dime, distinguish between public and private”.
The Shaoshan Mao Zedong Memorial Museum contains an inscription by Lei Jieqiong, former vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, for the exhibition of Mao Zedong’s relics:
The public is forever, the private is for a while.
These 8 words are the best explanation of Mao Zedong’s noble character.
I would like to give this document to the great leader Chairman Mao, and never forget the man who digs wells, and always remember Chairman Mao!