Diaoyu Island Lieyu has been our country’s inherent territory since ancient times. It is proved by geography and international law.
First of all, the discovery, naming and use of the Diaoyu Islands was first seen in the first year of Yongle in the Ming Dynasty (1403), which was sent by the imperial court to the East and the West. The book”Send with the Wind” written by the envoy. The envoys of the Ming and Qing Dynasties visited Diaoyu Island many times to investigate the shipping routes and used these islands as navigational signs to Ryukyu. This constituted a primitive right in international law.
Secondly, The border between Ryukyu Kingdom and China has been clearly demarcated since the Ming Dynasty. Regarding the local boundary, from the perspective of China, the boundary is Chiwei Island; from the Ryukyu perspective, the boundary is Mount Gumi (Kume Island). The sea boundary between China and the Kingdom of Ryukyu is the Heishui Ditch (the Okinawa Trough) between Chiwei Island and Gumi Mountain.
Again, Diaoyu Island, Huangwei Island, Chiyu Island are the earliest The time when it was included in China’s administrative control area can be found in the”Landscape of Coastal Mountains and Sands” in the first volume of”Pictures of Sea Planning” in the 41st year of Jiajing in the Ming Dynasty (1562). In the”Fu Qi” and”Fu Eight” two pictures of”Sand Map of Coastal Mountains”, Diaoyu Island, Huangwei Island, and Chiwei Island are clearly included in Fujian’s administrative control (area of coastal defense).
Finally, from a geographical point of view, the Diaoyu Islands are a stretch of the Chinese mainland to the southeast, and are the uplifted part of the continental shelf of the East China Sea; The island belongs to the Datunshan volcanic belt in northern Taiwan, and the Ryukyu Islands belongs to the Kirishima volcanic belt. At the same time, the Ryukyu Islands and the continental shelf of the East China Sea are separated by an Okinawa trough that is 2,700 meters deep.
From the above analysis, it can be seen that China’s earliest discovery, naming, earliest development and management of the Diaoyu Islands constitutes China’s Territorial sovereignty.
Japan argues that it has sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands What is the basis?
The document that the Japanese government claims to have possession of the Diaoyu Islands is:Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1972″Japan’s Basic Views on the Possession of Senkaku Islands (Diaoyu Islands)” published on March 8. Its gist is:
First, from 1885 to 1895, after field investigations, the Diaoyu Islands are considered uninhabited islands. , There is no trace of Qing Dynasty control. For this reason, on January 14, 1895, the Cabinet adopted a decision to establish the logo and incorporated it into the territory of Japan, the so-called”unowned land” claim.
Second, the Diaoyu Islands are part of the Southwest Ryukyu Islands in Japan and are not included in the”Shimonoseki Treaty Article 2 of Taiwan and Penghu Islands ceded by Japan from the Qing Dynasty; not included in the”San Francisco Peace Treaty” Article 2 of the territories Japan should give up.
third, the Diaoyu Islands are not part of Taiwan.
actually In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the Diaoyu Islands was a Chinese territory rather than an unowned land. It was not part of the southwestern Ryukyu Islands, but an affiliated island of Taiwan. This is not only recorded in Chinese official canonization history documents, but an international consensus. The history book”Guide Guangyi” (1708) written by the University of the Ryukyu Kingdom and Zijin doctor Cheng Shunze, who was the first to record the islands of the Diaoyu Islands, and”The General Survey of the Three Kingdoms” (1785) by the Japanese historian and geographer Lin Ziping (1785) attached to the”Three Provinces of Ryukyu”The Map of the Thirty-Six Islands” all clearly included the Diaoyu Islands on the territory of China. The maps published by European countries and Japan at that time also marked the Diaoyu Islands as Chinese territory, not within the Ryukyu Islands.
At the same time, the Diaoyu Islands are often regarded as Taiwan’s affiliated islands due to Taiwan’s fishermen’s frequent operations. This is a historical nature. Formation. The historical formation of this geographical concept is reflected in Chinese and Japanese literature.
Actually, the Japanese did not notice the existence of the Diaoyu Islands until around 1885 through the Westerners’ charts (mainly British”Navy Waterways”) . The British navy learned of the naming of the Diaoyu Islands through Fujian and Taiwanese. It was not until 1900 that Japan named the Diaoyu Islands the Senkaku Islands.
After Japan’s defeat and surrender in 1945, according to the”Cairo Declaration” According to the “Potsdam Proclamation”, the Diaoyu Islands should be returned to China as Taiwan’s affiliated islands. However, the United States entrusted Ryukyu in accordance with the “San Francisco Peace Treaty” signed in 1951 and included the Diaoyu Islands within the latitude and longitude of the Ryukyu Islands. In 1972, the Diaoyu Islands and the Ryukyu Islands were returned to Japan. The U.S. and Japan privately granted the territory of the Diaoyu Islands to China, which led to the current situation that the Diaoyu Islands are illegally controlled by Japan. The Japanese dispute over the territorial sovereignty of the Diaoyu Islands.
To sum up, Japan’s claims of sovereignty are all illegal and invalid. No matter what unilateral measures Japan takes against the Diaoyu Islands, it cannot change the fact that the Diaoyu Islands and its affiliated islands belong to China. The determination and will of the Chinese government to safeguard the country’s territorial sovereignty is unwavering, and its determination to defend the victory of the world anti-fascist war is unwavering. We have the confidence and ability to defeat Japan’s trampling on historical facts and international legal principles and maintain regional peace and order.