Rolling over the Yangtze River, flowing eastward, history has entered the 21st century, but Some people think that they are still in the feudal era, and they imagine that they are”human beings”. For example, during this period of time, the Internet has become popular“Aunt Zhenghuangqi”This is the kind of person.
The video exposed on the Internet is not long, but among them However, the aunt of”golden sentence” frequently appeared, she was alive and kicking. She was so angry that she classified herself as”old, weak, sick and handicapped”. Just because the girl gave up her seat too late, she yelled at her and kept calling the foreigners in Beijing. As a”smelly beggar”.
The girl replied tit-for-tatly,”Why don’t you go to the Forbidden City!” The Yellow Banner man also pointed to his forehead and said,”This is the sky pattern.”
So what exactly is the Eight Banners and what is the sky pattern?
The Eight Banners System
If you want to talk about the roots of the Eight Banners system, you have to talk about it before Manchu enters the customs.
As early as before the unification of the Jurchen ministries, people acted together in accordance with their respective clan parties when they went hunting, called”Niulu”. Nurhachi In the course of the campaign, in order to adapt to the needs of the war, Nurhachi changed and expanded the Niulu, and Four different colors of yellow, white, red and blue flags are used as signs.
Later NurhaThe Southern and Northern War conquered various tribes, and the territory and population under its jurisdiction have increased greatly. The original four This flag was no longer able to adapt to the new pattern, so Nurhachi added borders to the original four flags and became the new four flags, plus the original four flags, making a total of eight flags.
Here is During the reign of Huang Tai Chi, the current situation has changed a lot from before, so Huang Tai Chi is in the Manchuria In addition to the Eight Banners, Mongolia Eight Banners and Han Army Eight Banners. Therefore, the Eight Banners are not really only eight banners, but the Meng, Manchu, and Han eight banners, a total of two Fourteen flags.
At the time of Emperor Shunzhi, the Qing people entered the customs and became the ruler of the Kyushu world. At this time, the Eight Banners also gained The distinction between three flags and the next five flags. The so-called Shangsanqi refers to the three banners of Zhengbai, Zhenghuang and Inlaid Yellow, which are commanded by the emperor himself. The status of these three flags is more detached than the other five flags. So, it’s no wonder that the aunt on the bus is so arrogant when she mentions that she is a positive yellow flag.
Then the people of the Yellow Banner are all identities Noble Noble? In fact, in terms of quantity, the most in the Zhenghuang Banner are the minions, not the masters. Because there is still a kind of person called coating in the Eight Banners organization, and coating is also a slave It means that although they are also regarded as bannermen, they are domestic slaves of the Manchus. Not only do they become slaves themselves, but they are also slaves for generations. So, if this aunt is really a yellow banner person, then her ancestors are more likely to be coated Minion.
Of course these coatings are at the highest Inside the ruling group are slaves, but outside the ruling group, they can rely on the power of their masters to show off their power and go wild, and even by clinging to the masters, their path to becoming an official and making fortune is smoother than ordinary people.
So, Eight flag brothersclass="candidate-entity-word" data-gid="1361019" qid="6585108262088086797"> Is the identity of span> always the same? The Qing dynasty is dead, where will these bannermen go?
Change in the identity of bannermen
In fact, although the identity of the banner man is inherent, it is not eternal, according to the rules of the Qing Dynasty, the banner It can be changed.
In order to express grace or Winning heroes will change their origins by”raising the flag”. Of course, there are not many people who are eligible for this treatment. Most of them are favored by the emperor and concubines in the harem or heroes who have made great contributions to the society. For example, Emperor Qianlong’s Pure Queen of Filial Piety was born in Zhenghuangqi, but she was very much loved by Qianlong. After the Nara’s queen cut off her hair, she became the only imperial concubine in the palace. Qianlong wanted to make her Since her status is more noble, she will be promoted to inlaid with a yellow flag, and her mother will also get rid of her The origin of a coated minion.
Of course, this kind of identity change is only related to personal honor and disgrace, and the overall social identity change of the banner people started after the abdication of the Qing emperor. .
In the early years of the Republic of China, it was influenced by the revolutionary trend of thought. , Banner people are widely excluded in society, except for a small number of princes and nobles, ordinary banner people Even life is difficult to maintain. In this situation, many banner people changed their surnames to Han in order to avoid trouble. Later, as the concept of nation-state strengthened, everyone gradually became aware of the Chinese nation, and everyone’s self-identity was changed from”banner””Han people” became”Chinese”.
Widely famous in the cultural world Qi Gong Mr.YesThe descendants of Emperor Yongzheng can be regarded as veritable descendants of the royal family, but he has always let others call himself”Qigong” without mentioning Aisin Jueluo’s last name. Scholars in the field of classical cultureMr. Ye Jiaying’s last name is from”Yehnala family” changed the surname, and it is also the surname of the Manchu nobles, but she has never used this Brand yourself.
In the final analysis, people who rely on their own abilities and build a foothold in the world disdain to pull the banner of their ancestors to be praised by people, but they can do nothing and live a life. Those who are compliant will try to boost their worth in order to enjoy a false sense of superiority. The aunt on the bus clamoring that she is a”positive yellow banner person” is obviously the latter.
So, what is the sky pattern in the mother’s mouth? What does it have to do with Zhenghuangqi?
“Unbelievable” sky pattern
According to the aunt’s statement, it seems that the”Tongtian pattern” is a proof that can verify the identity of the yellow flag. In fact, this statement has no reliable basis. It’s nothing more than folk rumors.
In fact, the sky pattern originally refers to the vertical lines on the palm, symbolizing power and wealth. Later, some people called the vertical lines appearing on the forehead”Tongtian lines”. The most typical representative is Peking Opera facial makeup , Such as Chu Bawang Xiang Yu, Wei Jiang Xia Houyuan, these extraordinary figures, will be painted on the face of the sky .
But it just so happens that from the portraits handed down Look, there are vertical lines between Nurha’s red eyebrows, so in order to highlight the mystery of the”Tongtian Pattern” and to drive up their own value, some folk goodies began to say that the Thongtian Pattern is a feature of the positive yellow flag. In fact, it is pure talk.
In fact, the sky pattern is just A type of forehead pattern, but the general forehead pattern is horizontal pattern, while the so-called sky pattern is vertical pattern. , There is nothing strange about it. On the contrary, there are folk sayings that people will not live long once their heads are opened. Of course, whether this is true remains to be scientifically verified.
In fact, in the concept of historical development, the social positioning of banner people has long been changed, and now they are all Chinese. Pu Yi is still deeply honored to be a citizen, but now some people want to use the”banner”. The identity comes from raising one’s worth, gaining a sense of superiority and satisfaction, which is really laughable and generous.
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