Two years ago today, on January 16, 2019, Yu Min, known as the”father of hydrogen bombs” in China, passed away…
With Qian Sanqiang and Deng Jiaxian The meritorious scientists such as Cheng Kaijia and others who”cast nuclear shields” for the country are different. He has never studied in a prestigious western school, and has never drunk a drop of”foreign ink”. This “domestic soil expert No. 1”, In the most difficult years of the Republic, it was written on a piece of white paper that the Chinese independently developed the hydrogen bomb at the fastest speed in the world.
Because of him, China has become one of the five countries in the world that have a hydrogen bomb. Because of him, China has the most advanced hydrogen bomb technology in the world.
Genius boyNice son, serving the country in one voiceLove
In 1926, Yu Min was born Yu
Lutai Town, Ninghe County, Hebei Province (in Tianjin today)
An ordinary family
Parents are small employees
Relying on the meager income, the family can barely survive
In the war years when the people are in turmoil
The people do not live in the war era
The aggressor brutality
Leave a bitter memory of his childhood
Yu Min took a photo with his parents
Yu Min was almost caught by a car
Rampage Japanese military vehicle crushed
At that moment
Only 12-year-old Yu Min was frightened and angry
I even felt the taste of subjugated national slaves.
From then on, Yu Min has worked harder to study
I hope one day
I can be like Yue Fei
Recover the mountains and rivers!
In 1944, 18-year-old Yu Min lived up to expectations
With excellent grades
I was admitted to the School of Engineering of Peking University
However, Suddenly his father was unemployed
No longer able to provide him for further studies
After hearing this from the parents of classmates
expressed their willingness to support him
Yu Min This is the entrance to Peking University!
Yu Min (first from left) and his classmates
At Peking University, Yu Min studied eagerly
No travel expenses, and never go home during winter and summer vacations
He ran to the top of Jingshan Mountain
Bringing the textbooks and exercises to study with the wind
In winter, the students played cards and chatted in the dormitory
He put on an old coat and read a book quietly next to him
August 6, 1945
“Reaper” hit the heart of Hiroshima with one arrow
Atom A huge fission ball of fire
It rolls over Hiroshima like a devil
Where it spreads, it is gone!
I have seen it for the first time in the world
This kind of mass destruction can destroy a city in a very short time
The power of sex weapons
Hiroshima, Japan after the atomic bomb was dropped
Yu Min was shocked by nuclear weapons
On the other hand, he felt that his motherland was poor and weak!
In 1946, he decided to take the road of saving the country by science
From the School of Engineering to the Department of Physics of the School of Science
This is the transfer of departments
It paved the way for Yu Min to compete with the nuclear weapons known as the”devil” in the future!
Three years later, Yu Min got the first place in the Physics Department
I was admitted to the Dean of the Peking University College of Science
Zhang Zongsui’s graduate student
Zhang Zongsui is a famous physicist
The first Chinese to start a course at Cambridge University
He is extremely demanding of students
The lecture is used from beginning to end English
The content is even more profound and difficult to understand!
When other students are in awe
Yu Min is looking for extremely difficult subjects and challenges
His super memory
Superior The comprehension and comprehension ability of
has amazed the whole College of Science
Yu Min (first from left in the back row) and his classmates in the lotus pond of Peking Dali University
In an algebra test
Because the test questions are extremely difficult
The average score of the mathematics department is less than 20 points.
There is a report card
Almost a sensation in the entire Peking University campus:
Yu Min, 100 points!
From then on, Yu Min’s name was on Peking University campus
Always linked with the word”genius”
Even Mr. Zhang Zongsui said with great satisfaction :
“I have been teaching for a lifetimeI have never seen such a good student as Yu Min!”
The atomic bomb Yes,Hydrogen bombs are also fast
In 1950, the Korean War broke out
The United States relied on its nuclear weapons to threaten China
This At that time, Yu Min at Peking University didn’t know that
His fate had begun to change with the war situation and the needs of the country’s development
One day in 1951
Yu Min, who had been a teaching assistant at Peking University for less than a year
was mysteriously brought into New China’s first nuclear science and technology research
Institute of Modern Physics
Receiving Yu Min
is the founder of China’s nuclear science industry
Mr. Peng Huanwu
Two bombs and one star meritorious scientist Peng Huanwu, the founder of China’s nuclear science business
At that time, all Chinese nuclear weapons were concentrated here.
Top talents in the field
Yu Min, together with Deng Jiaxian, Huang Zuqia, Jin Xingnan and other 8 people
joined the nuclear theory group together
During the years
Yu Min not only mastered the essence of international nuclear physics
also wrote many heavyweight papers
Directly let China’s nuclear research
rise to a whole new level
In 1957, the Nobel Prize winner in Physics
Japanese expert Shinichiro Asanaga visited China
When he learned that Yu Min had never gone abroad
He had never received any guidance from a famous foreign teacher
He could only study it alone
After obtaining such a huge research result
I am surprised that he is China’s “domestic soil expert No. 1”!
At the time when Yu Min was on the road of nuclear theory research
When he made his mark
November 1, 1952
In the world developed by the United States The first hydrogen bomb
exploded on a small island in the Pacific Marshall Islands
Mao Zedong instructed:There must be an atomic bomb,Hydrogen bombs must also be fast.
In 1961, the Soviet Union tried to explode the hydrogen bomb”Tsar Bomb”
The power is equivalent to 3846 times that of the atomic bomb that the United States dropped in Japan!
Shocked the world for a while and public opinion was in an uproar!
At that time, Sino-Soviet relations broke down
Hanging over China’s head
It was not only US-Soviet hegemonism
and atomic bombs. Two big black clouds with the hydrogen bomb!
One day in the winter of 1961, heavy snow flew.
Yu Min was notified to Qian Sanqiang’s office
Qian Sanqiang was outspoken:
“Research and decision in the hospitalPlease participate in the pre-research of hydrogen bomb theoryWhat do you think?“ p>
At the age of 34, Yu Min
has been in the field of nuclear theory research in China
Ten years of hard work
Seeing to find something , Achieving achievements
The critical moment
Organization made him change career
The sudden decision
He didn’t expect it
Qian Sanqiang patted Yu Min on the shoulder
He said solemnly:”We must hurry up before France
Develop the hydrogen bomb!”
Yu Min whose brain was short-circuited in an instant
He soon came back to his senses
The country is to entrust the development of hydrogen bomb to itself!
China’s”Yu Min Plan”shocked the world with a loud noise
Although atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs are both nuclear weapons p>
But one belongs to nuclear fission
One belongs to nuclear fusion
They are two different research fields
Yu Min and his wife Sun Yuqin
For the highest interest of the country
In 1951, Yu Min from the study of quantum field theory
turned to study the nucleus;
In 1961, he resolutely Resolutely shift from studying the nucleus
to studying the principle of the hydrogen bomb!
This means that he not only has to
leave the academic field that he has studied for many years
but also needs to stay anonymous
for many years!
I will not sue my parents
I will not sue my wife and children
Starting from accepting this task
Yu Min’s name and his work
Become the country’s top secret together
“Domestic Soil Expert No. 1” has been hidden since then
He like It is generally gone.Never published a paper in public again!
At that time, the only three countries in the world were Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union.
Successfully developed hydrogen bombs
Truman and Eisenhower both stated nakedly:
We must not let China engage in a hydrogen bomb!
Yu Min said:Whether it is tolerable or unbearable
Everything I learned in the past can be thrown away
We must go all out to develop a hydrogen bomb!
Development of hydrogen bomb
China is completely
Starting from a blank sheet of paper
Yu Minhe and the researchers only Knowing the equivalent of the hydrogen bomb
is dozens of times or hundreds of times larger than the atomic bomb
As for how to make a hydrogen bomb
What is the core issue?
No one can tell
Even Peng Huanwu said:
Yu Min’s work is entirely on her ownHe has no teacher!
October 16, 1964
my country’s first atomic bomb exploded successfully
Zhou Enlai deployed immediately:
Definitely Explosion test of hydrogen bomb device before 1968!
Time is tight
Hydrogen bomb research has not yet made a key breakthrough
Yu Minhe team researchers
Almost always immersed in
In the calculation of piles of data
It was not until 1965
The hydrogen bomb development plan finally had some eyebrows
In order to verify whether the plan works It works
Yu Min led dozens of researchers
rushed to Shanghai for the”Hundred Days Battle”
Shanghai has the only computer in China that can perform 50,000 operations
However, 95%of the time must be guaranteed.
The calculation of the atomic bomb design
Yu Min and his team
%Of computing time
Even the abacus, slide rule
These primitive tools are used
Yu Min buried himself in
In tens of thousands of calculation papers and calculation paper tapes
From a large number of dense,
He has extraordinary physical intuition
Gradually figure out the clues and find the key!
Finally formed a set ofFrom hydrogen bomb principle to configurationBasic and complete plan
After making a breakthrough
Yu Min excitedly called Deng Jiaxian in Beijing
a famous”hidden language” call:
Yu:some of us go Had a hunt,
I hit a squirrel.
(Found an effective hydrogen bomb configuration!)
Deng:Did you have a good meal of game?
(Are you sure?)
Yu:No, he can’t be cooked yet,
We have to keep it as a specimen, we have a novel discovery…
(Basically sure, but further research is needed!)
Deng:OK, I will rush to you immediately.
It took less than five years.
Yu Min from a hydrogen bomb completely ignorant
“Domestic soil expert No. 1”
Relying on independence.
Break through the nuclear power’s blockade of hydrogen bomb theory and technology
Use the sensational “Yu Min Plan”
Developing a hydrogen bomb for China
Opened a door
A breakthrough in the principle of the hydrogen bomb
Everyone is high-spirited
Want to build a hydrogen bomb immediately
The principle of the hydrogen bomb still needs to be verified by nuclear tests
The nuclear test site is far in the northwest.
The living conditions are quite difficult
I eat steamed buns mixed with sand
Drink bitter alkali water
Flying sand in the vast Gobi
The wind is like a knife.
The temperature in winter is minus 30℃
The road is frozen like a washboard…
The bitterness of life can be overcome
The bitterness that keeps pressing on people’s hearts all the time
is the most unspeakable!
At a discussion meeting before the nuclear test
Pressure and tension filled the room
At this time, I only heard——
“On the day the minister was ordered, he could not sleep well at the table, and he couldn’t eat anything…The minister did his best and died…”
Yu Min and Chen Nengkuan The scientist suddenly
You will recite Zhuge Liang’s”List of Masters” to the end
At that moment, everyone in the room
I was moved to tears…
At that time, France was also rushing to develop a hydrogen bomb
Yu Min kept suffocating in his heart:
If China can catch up In front of France
If you break through the hydrogen bomb
not only grow the ambition of the Chinese people
but also make China in the world Straighten up!
June 17, 1967
A fighter plane dropped a parachute over Lop Nur, Xinjiang
The hydrogen bomb test officially began
With thunderous noises
Two suns rose at the same time over the desert
Mushroom clouds rose from the ground
China’s first hydrogen bomb
Successful air-drop explosion test
“Shockwave handle is nearly three kilometers away from the burst center projection point
It is nearly three kilometers and weighs about 54 A ton of train
18 meters blown out
The semi-underground warehouse nearly four kilometers away was removed half of it
The brick house at fourteen kilometers away was blown away ……”
On the same day, Xinhua News Agency released to the world
The Press Bulletin solemnly declared:
“Today, China’s number one The hydrogen bombexploded successfully over the western region of China!”
Yu Min said:The original design was about one million tons
The actual explosive equivalent is 3.3 million tons.
What shocks the world is that
The hydrogen bomb designed by”Yu Min Program”is more suitable Actual combat
China’s hydrogen bomb has been close since its birthIt even completed miniaturized applications
The American military says:
This guy can be worth ten armies!
China’s first hydrogen bomb
From the first atomic bomb to the hydrogen bomb
It took the United States seven years and three months
The Soviet Union took six years and three months
The United Kingdom took four years and seven months
France took eight years and six months
and China only It took two years and eight months.
China was ahead of France
becoming the fourth country in the world to have a hydrogen bomb!
China’s hydrogen bomb was born from scratchIt is completely independent productIt is the most authentic Chinese made!
Shocking careerSilent life
Yu Min at Pingdong Proving Ground
In Mianyang, Sichuan
There is a mysterious forbidden area passed down by word of mouth
The local people said:
This is the place where China’s nuclear weapons are developed!
After the successful hydrogen bomb test
In 1969, Yu Min led the team
to the deep mountains of Mianyang
started nuclear weapons research New journey for China
There are already atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs.
Why continue to develop nuclear weapons incognito?
Yu Lao said:
Our weapons are underground and they are fixed
Look at you from other satellites I know the location.Nuclear weapons have entered a new stage
If deterrence is lost
We are about to face nuclear blackmail again
The”Father of China’s Hydrogen Bomb” has not stopped his footsteps
In order to develop second-generation nuclear weapons
Yu Minshen Tibet Dashan
Day and night scientific research
In addition to the damage of radioactive materials in the experiment
His body is becoming weaker and weaker
I passed the god of death three times.
In early 1969, during the first underground nuclear test
and the large-scale air-burst thermal test
You have to lift your legs to go up slowly
Colleagues advised him to rest
He insisted on going to the small hill to observe the fireball
Due to overwork and exhaustion
At the work site
Yu Min was almost in shock
In the late 1980s, I was discussing work beside the Shanghai Shenguang installation
All in extreme fatigue
Late night in October 1971
Yu Min once again suffered shock from overwork
The doctor rescued the crisis and turned to peace
In 1973, Yu Min began to have blood in his stool on the train returning to Beijing.
When he was sent to the hospital, he had another shock…
Yu Min, the Chinese physic genius
I almost killed my own life to build a nuclear shield for the country!
Especially in the development of second-generation nuclear weapons
He has not only made breakthroughs in key technologies time and time again
More keenly aware of the development of nuclear weapons
To a certain extent
The United States and the Soviet Union will definitely take measures
Restrict other countries from conducting nuclear tests
China must accelerate nuclear tests p>
In 1986, in a general ward of 301 Hospital
You can always see Yu Min visiting patients
His old friend Deng Jiaxian
I was exposed to radiation during an experimental mission
It has entered the advanced stage of rectal cancer
In addition to visiting the disease
Yu Min and Deng Jia first talk about more
It is still China’s nuclear test development
He asked Deng Jiaxian:”Are we at the end?”
Deng Jiaxian is also very worried
but two Everyone is aware of China’s nuclear test.
We must never”do nothing for Shan Jiuren!”
At that time, Deng Jiaxian had entered the countdown to his life.
He was determined to be bleeding from his body. The ground said to Min:
We are now on the book center!
During the final deadline of Deng Jiaxian’s life
He and Yu Min wrote together carefully
“Proposal on the Development of China’s Nuclear Weapons”
It is recommended that before the world completes a ban on nuclear testing
Accelerate the pace of China’s nuclear testing
July 29, 1986
After Deng Jiaxian’s death
Yu Min is like a day for ten years
The last plan of the two people’s cooperation
Step by step into reality
90 in the last century Shi Yumin in the office
July 29, 1996
On the 10th anniversary of Deng Jiaxian’s death
China solemnly announces to the world:China suspends nuclear tests from July 30, 1996
September 10, 1996
The UN General Assembly passed by an overwhelming majority.
The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
It is precisely because of the strategic vision of Deng Jiaxian and Yu Min
Years of precious nuclear test time
Allow China to catch up with the world’s total ban on nuclear testing
reach the laboratory simulation level
September 18, 1999 Day
Yu Min received the”Two Bombs and One Star” in the Great Hall of the People
Memorial Scientist Medal
There, he replaced his old friend Deng Jiaxian
Witness the whole process of awarding the”Two Bombs and One Star” by the central leadership
It is also on this day
Yu Min, Cheng Kaijia, Wang Ganchang and other meritorious scientistsHid the identity of 30 years before the real decryption!
15 years later, 89-year-old Yu Min
Won the 2014 National Highest Technology Award
Yu Min in a wheelchair
Hua hair is sparse, slightly humpback
His face is humble and kind
Reviewing his own scientific research process
Yu Min said calmly:
Everything is for national needs!
Dancing with”nuclear” for nearly half a century
Yu Min has his own opinion:
I believe in my heart that nuclear weapons are the best Completely prohibited
However, we cannot be without nuclear weapons
The Chinese nation does not bully othersBut we must never be bullied by others!
A word of exhortation made a loud noise in a lifetime
I was surprised by a name in the world
Cleared people’s hearts
Yu Min,From high-spirited to gray-haired
A top secret 30-year name
A legend of forging a nuclear defense and a shield
Willingly serve the country for a lifetimeThe national backbone to escort the people!
“I am willing to devote my life to grand plans!”
Yu Min, fulfilled his promise to the motherland!