Wang Guangmei was born in Peking in 1921. His father, Wang Zhichang, is attending the Nine Nations Conference in Washington, USA, to discuss the military contraction of the great powers and the Pacific Ocean. He was very happy to receive the telegram of his daughter-in-law, and named the seventh child and first daughter of the family:Guangmei.
This name foreshadows that Wang Guangmei is still shining with the light and beauty of humanity during the ups and downs of Wang Guangmei’s life:influenced by the thought of family progress in the early days, Wang Guangmei embarked on a red revolution Road;
Affected by the free and equal marriage of his parents, Wang Guangmei chose to marry Liu Shaoqi on her own initiative; because of her low-key personality and open-mindedness, Wang Guangmei maintained a positive attitude towards life in her later years , Willing to help others, and finally dedicated to public welfare, spent a rich and colorful life.
So, what was Wang Guangmei’s real life in her later years?
1. Life is active in old age, a drink and a smile”remove grievances”
in hobbies In the last years, Wang Guangmei’s hobbies are still extensive. I like photography, and many of the family photos left are by Wang Guangmei. She loves Peking Opera and Chinese and foreign music, especially ballet such as Swan Lake.
Wang Guangmei insisted on exercising even if she was in poor health in her later years, especially I like swimming. When I am in Beijing on weekdays, I go to Diaoyutai to swim two or three times a week. In summer, Wang Guangmei would go to Beidaihe for vacation. He went to the deep sea area to swim for an hour every day, rain or shine. The last time he went to Beidaihe No. 2 Bathing Beach to swim was in the summer of 2004. Wang Guangmei was 83 years old and was still very Energetic.
Wang Guangmei has no particular hobbies in daily diet. He is used to drinking boiled water on weekdays. There is a reason for this habit:Liu Shaoqi is strict with himself on weekdays, and he pays for the cigarettes and tea he drinks.
Wang Guangmei never drank the tea Liu Shaoqi bought, and only drank boiled water. Over time, it became a habit. Wang Guangmei loved to eat ice cream since she was a child, and ate very little after being with Liu Shaoqi. At the end of her life when she was lying in a hospital bed, someone asked her what else she wanted to eat. She was like a child:”Ice cream.”
In work and study, what Wang Guangmei must do every day is to read books and newspapers. In addition to documents and report materials, there are also nearly ten newspapers of the day on the desk. After finishing his official duties, Wang Guangmei always took time out every afternoon to read newspapers and sometimes English books.
At seven one in the evening, in order to better understand China and the society, Wang Guangmei always watch news broadcasts and focus interviews on time. It’s also a must-see Among them, occasionally she also watched historical or educational TV dramas and films.
Wang Guangmei is curious about new things. Seeing the video recorder is there, she also walks over to see what is recorded. If there are young people at home, she will Ask something new. curiosity and curiosity play a great role in regulating her body and mind.
Secondly, in his later years, remembering his lover and helping friends realize the last wish of life
Wang Guangmei has always been thinking about the descendants of Chairman Mao Zedong. On the front wall of her living room, there have been photos taken when Mao Zedong visited Liu Shaoqi’s family in 1962. Son Liu Yuan and Mao Zedong’s daughter Li Ne have kept in touch for many years.
When she was 83 years old, one week In the evening in Beijing, the descendants of Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi were organized to gather together to talk about friendship.
The gathering of three generations of grandparents lasted more than two hours, full of laughter. Wang Guangmei, who is already full of silver hair, didn’t speak much at the party. She looked at the younger generation children lovingly and detached, and smiled and toasted to the Mao family descendants:“Take care of you!”
This”smile and enmity”, let people see The understanding and empathy of the two families has shown a woman’s broad mind.
II. Recalling her lover in her later years and helping her friends realize their last wishes
The life of Wang Guangmei in her later years is very low-key, and she has repeatedly declined Requests from all walks of life to write a book for her. The only life record left in history so far is the book written by Huang Zheng of the Literature Research Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.
Huang Zheng has participated in activities with Wang Guangmei many times, and he often talked face-to-face in Beijing for more than 20 years. He realized that the content of the conversation is of great benefit to literature research. With responsibility records and rectification into a book, “No Regrets in Wind and Rain—A Dialogue with Wang Guangmei”.
On May 19, 1980, more than ten years after Liu Shaoqi’s death, Wang Guangmei boarded the Qingdao Navy 101 destroyer. She bowed her head and held her husband in tears. The ashes mixed with petals were scattered to the sea.
With the endless miss for her husband Liu Shaoqi, Wang Guangmei bears Collecting and sorting out Liu Shaoqi’s manuscripts and cultural relics, she shoulders the important responsibility of summarizing and promoting Liu Shaoqi’s theory and thoughts. She also reviewed the life and past of two people who met and fell in love with each other in interviews on multiple occasions, expressing deep feelings for Liu Shaoqi .
Wang Guangmei rarely traveled far in her later years. She was in poor health and suffered from cancer for many years. In September 2002, Wang Guangmei was recuperating in a Beijing hospital due to a leg injury. During the last half month of her life, Spent in a hospital bed.
Wang Guangmei visited the former residence of Comrade Liu Shaoqi—Huaming Building, Ningxiang County, Hunan Province 6 times. Except for the first time he came back with a couple, the back She came by herself for 5 times.
The last time I went back to the Hunan Comrade Liu Shaoqi Memorial Hall was 2003. This year was the 105th anniversary of the birth of Comrade Liu Shaoqi. Wang Guangmei had inconvenient legs and feet, but she insisted on attending the commemorative activities. Refusing to take a wheelchair, she said:“Everyone is old friends, how can I sit while standing? Reason.”
In the process of promoting Soong Ching Ling to join the Communist Party of China as she wished, Wang Guangmei contributed her part. As a world-famous great woman in the 20th century, Soong Ching Ling has repeatedly proposed to join the Communist Party of China.
From the beginning of the revolution, Soong Ching Ling and the Communist Party of China have been in the same boat, unswervingly, and have gone through the test of life and death for decades, and forged a strong revolutionary friendship. April 1957 Soong Ching Ling met with Liu Shaoqi in her Shanghai apartment. When Liu Shaoqi asked Soong Ching Ling on behalf of the Party Central Committee if she had any requirements, she firmly expressed her determination to join the Communist Party.
Liu Shaoqi agrees in his heart, but in the end it still needs to be decided by the Party Central Committee.
Zhou Enlai and Liu Shaoqi After getting up to Shanghai and sitting in Soong Ching Ling’s apartment, Liu Shaoqi slowly conveyed the opinions of the Party Central Committee and Mao Zedong:The Party Central Committee seriously discussed Soong Ching Ling’s request to join the party, and finally decided to proceed from the actual situation. Soong Ching Ling stayed outside the party for the time being to the revolution. The effect is even greater.
Liu Shaoqi conveyed Mao Zedong’s original words:” Although Soong Ching Ling did not join the party , But all major events of our party will be told to Soong Ching Ling at any time, and Soong Ching Ling can participate.” Mao Zedong did what he said. Since the founding of New China, all important party documents have been sent to Soong Ching Ling for review at the same time.
On June 28, 1979, Wang Guangmei and Soong Ching Ling met at the Second Session of the Fifth CPPCC National Committee. The two elderly people who had reunited after a long time were excited. By May 1981, Soong Ching Ling was critically ill.
On the morning of the 15th, Wang Guangmei went to the hospital to visit Soong Ching Ling and asked her gently:“After so many years, do you still have the idea of joining the Communist Party?” Soong Ching Ling nodded, expressing that she still hopes to join the party, this is her only request.
The Political Bureau of the Central Committee met in the afternoon and specifically approved the acceptance of Soong Ching Ling as an official party member. On May 14, Soong Ching Ling joined the Communist Party of China. On May 29, Soong Ching Ling passed away due to illness. She spent 15 days in the party and became one of the shortest party members.
3. In his later years, he devoted himself to public welfare undertakings. Mother and daughter relayed their efforts to help poor mothers.
In his later years, Wang Guangmei devoted himself to a cause. In 1994, under the vigorous advocacy of the eighth phase of the poverty alleviation work plan of the State Council’s Poverty Alleviation Office, the China Population Welfare Foundation decided to launch an action to help poor mothers based on the actual situation in China.
In the early stage of establishment and planning, the foundation asked Wang Guangmei, a member of the Standing Committee of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, to take the lead. Wang Guangmei has always been enthusiastic about charity. When the staff of the foundation communicated with Wang Guangmei in detail about the idea of helping poor mothers, she immediately agreed.
After more than half a year of preparation, the”Happiness Project” action aimed at helping poor mothers cure poverty, cure stupidity, and cure diseases was officially launched in the spring of 1995. 74 The year-old Wang Guangmei served as the director of the organizing committee. At this time, she had been suffering from cancer for six years, but she had no worries at all. She left her old age and illness aside and devoted all her resources to the”Happiness Project-Helping Poor Mothers”.
Wang Guangmei, who has always been responsible for public welfare fully get involved. Wang Guangmei, the director of the Happiness Project Organizing Committee, has traveled through many impoverished areas:Dali County in Shaanxi, Anxi County in Fujian, Sanmenxia in Henan, Mentougou in Beijing, etc., leaving her footprints and shadows behind.
Wang Guangmei often appears in the countryside On the Kang Tou, in the workshop of the factory. She always cares about the people’s lives:”How much income do you have every month? What do you usually eat? How many years have you studied?”
The people are also grateful for her kindness, Once when Wang Guangmei went to Mentougou on the outskirts of Beijing, a poor mother enthusiastically pulled her to sit on the edge of the bed, and carefully spread a piece of very clean cloth. The poor mothers had nothing to express their gratitude, and could only express their gratitude through a piece of cloth. Love and respect for her.
Initiated as the”Happiness Project-Foundation for Helping Poor Mothers” One of the people, Wang Guangmei is not only conscientious in her work, but also doing her best to solve the funding problems encountered during the establishment of the foundation.
One day the daughter who lives with me urgently needs to make an international long-distance call due to work affairs. At that time, it was late, and my daughter used the long-distance telephone provided by the country for Wang Guangmei to make this call. .
Wang Guangmei has always been honest and honest, and will never take advantage of the country. She immediately asked her daughter to record the phone call in her notebook so that she could pay for it in the future. The daughter registered and gave her mother $500, jokingly saying that she was paying the phone bill.
Several children always try to find her shortcomings and buy them back for her. They are very filial. Seeing her daughter’s mischievous expression, Wang Guangmei gladly accepted and asked the secretary to send the”Happiness Project-Fund for Helping Poor Mothers” to be announced.
Wang Guangmei learned from a chat with colleagues two days ago that the foundation has just been established and colleagues still have difficulties in work and life.
Because of the relatively simple conditions, many colleagues are far away from home and there is no dining hall, and there is no place to eat at noon.”The money comes at the right time.” The Foundation colleagues used the money to buy a microwave oven for hot lunch, and buy some urgently needed office supplies, which solved the urgent need. This became the foundation with a warm and considerate $500. The first donation.
Wang Guangmei and her family have never stopped making donations, even the driver The secretary, nanny, everyone donated money to the happiness project.
Wang Guangmei Jiang All of Liu Shaoqi’s contribution fees and replacement salaries were paid to the party dues, and the Spring Festival condolences sent to her by the Old Cadres Bureau of the General Office of the CPC Central Committee were donated in full, and the collections left by his mother Dong Jieru were sent to auction. The collected 566,000 yuan was also all Donated to the foundation to help the”Happiness Project-Helping Poor Mothers” gradually get on track.
Wang Guangmei and her colleagues continue to advocate that the”Happiness Project-Action to Help Poor Mothers” has gradually developed and grown. She worked for 11 years until her health worsened. After the doctors and family members tried their best to persuade her to reduce Workload.
When Wang Guangmei retired, she entrusted the charity foundation to her daughter and encouraged her to continue doing it. Together, the mother and daughter contributed to poverty alleviation for poor mothers:
At present, the”Happiness Project” has invested a total of 1.938 billion yuan in public welfare projects. There are 958 project sites across the country, covering 29 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) across the country. ), effectively improving the lives of more than 350,000 poor mothers, lifting them out of poverty and becoming rich, benefiting a population of 1.49 million.
Wang Guangmei recalled in her later years:“In the past eighty years, as a retrospective of old age, I feel that a person has not been tortured, and his understanding of society is also incomplete. Yes, he has been tortured and it is very hard, but he may have a deeper understanding than us in some respect.”
This is also a summary of Wang Guangmei’s own life path.
In the early morning of October 13, 2006, the former President of China Liu Shaoqi’s wife, Wang Guangmei, died of heart failure caused by a lung infection in Beijing at the age of 85.
The book”No Regrets in Wind and Rain—A Dialogue with Wang Guangmei”
Documentary”The Story of Archives Wang Guangmei and Liu Shaoqi”;
Documentary”The Story of Archives Mother on the Road Wang Guangmei”;
The TV talk show”Interview with Yang Lan Interview with Mrs. Liu Shaoqi-Wang Guangmei”.