Beijing Roast Duck, as a traditional Chinese delicacy, is one of the world-famous dishes. Many friends will want to taste Beijing Roast Duck when they come to Beijing. Indeed, there are many people who just like this one. The duck meat is soft and smooth, the duck skin is grilled to be oily and crispy, dipped in white sugar, the whole piece will melt in your mouth when you bite it…

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Friends who love to eat roast duck know that the average roast duck sold in supermarkets, on the street, or in the vegetable market is only tens of yuan per piece, while well-known roast duck restaurants often cost hundreds of yuan. Why do they It’s roast duck, so big difference?

1

Is a whole roast duck worth tens of yuan?

In fact, most of the street roast ducks are genuine and there is no problem with the craftsmanship. The price difference is huge. In addition to the different operating costs, the price difference between the roast duck stalls on the street and the roast duck in the well-known roast duck restaurant is so large, mainly because of the different types of ducks used.

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It is understood that among the meat duck products in my country, the white feather duck is the most important meat duck species, which is mainly used for 3 types of food.Processing:large roast duck, large white duck, small white duck.

1. Large roast duck fillets

The main source is local meat fat typePeking duck, used for processing Beijing roast duck, Guangdong Guangxi roast duck, etc., raising period About 40 days, it takes more than 3 kg to to be released. The breeding cost is about 25 yuan per animal.

2. Large white striped duck

The feeding period is also about 40 days, mainly used for processing saltwater ducks, Stewed duck, Sauce duck, etc., can be whole For ducks or divided products, the breeding cost is about 20 yuan each. This type of duck is basically what you can buy in supermarket freezers.

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3. Small white striped duck

The breeding period is about 30 days, mainly used for processing small roast ducks, crispy ducks, etc., and the weight for slaughter It is 1.9 to 2.0 kg, After slaughter, the full eviscerated weight is about 1.25 kg, and the weight after roasting mature food About 0.80 kg, or 1.6 kg, the market strategy is to eat one meal for a family of three.

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Regular roast duck restaurants use Peking duck (large roast duck blank), while street roast duck stalls usually use small white ducks. If you understand the whole process of street roast duck from birth to baking, you will know why it can be sold so cheaply.

In terms of breeding:

The price of a duckling is about 3.2 yuan. After the ducklings are raised for 30 days, the feed cost is about 7 yuan, the epidemic prevention cost such as vaccines, antibodies, and disinfectant is about 0.2 yuan, and the labor cost and equipment depreciation cost are about 1 yuan. Therefore, the cost of raising a small white duck is about 11.4 yuan.

From the perspective of slaughter and processing:

The farmers sell the small white ducks to the slaughterhouse at a price of 13.5 yuan each. In the factory, the cost of slaughtering and processing each duck is about two yuan, plus the purchase price, totaling 15.5 yuan.

The ducks processed in the slaughterhouse are sold separately. The profit of each duck sold is about 0.7 yuan, of which the price of the main duck is about 8.2 yuan, duck down, duck gizzard span>, Duck feet, Duck tongue, duck intestines and other parts are sold for about 8 yuan in total.

The street roast duck stall only uses the main body of the duck, and the logistics and roasting costs are 3 yuan and 2 yuan each. In this way, the cost of a street roast duck is about 13.2 yuan.

Therefore, from the perspective of the production process, the street roast duck sells for more than ten yuan each, which can make money.

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Of course, different ducks have different tastes. The Peking duck in a regular roast duck restaurant has a long growth cycle and a lot of fat, so it is suitable for roast duck.

The small white duck used in the street roast duck stall has a short growth cycle, tender meat, low meat volume, and is more suitable for stewing.

2

How to buy high-quality roast duck

When we buy street roast duck, how do we distinguish roast duck from Is frozen duck or roasted fresh duck?

The surface of frozen duck is not smooth, while the surface of fresh duck is smooth and bright. The meat will be soft when touched by hand. Frozen ducks used to be a bit rough to eat, but fresh ducks tasted fresh and meaty.

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Some roast duck shops in the market, or street roast duck shops, because of the mixed purchase channels, everyone should pay more attention when buying, if you encounter too cheap Roast duck, roast chicken, try not to buy it!

Source:Yangtze Famous Medical Group