In early September 1976, a few days before Chairman Mao’s death, his daughter Li Min came to his hospital bed.
The chairman was in a coma at the time. Li Min stayed silently for a long time until the chairman woke up. After waking up, Chairman Mao saw his daughter he hadn’t seen for a long time. He was very happy, but he was a little sad.
Chairman Mao took his daughter’s hand and said:“Jiaojiao , Why didn’t you come to see me for so long?”
Li Min could only cry in silence when he heard this.
Except for Chairman Mao and Li Min himself, they were also very sad when they heard this.
Although Chairman Mao was over eighty years old at the time, he was no longer mentally ill after years of illness, but in everyone’s minds, he was always a shrewd and wise The leader of is a great man standing upright.
People often have a stereotype of heroes. They feel that they shed blood, sweat but not tears, and feel that they will never have a soft time.
In his later years, Chairman Mao is still a far-sighted politician and a staunch Marxist-Leninist, but after all, he is old and his heart is much softer than when he was young. .
At this time Chairman Mao is easily touched by various things , Couldn’t help but shed tears. According to Zhang Yufeng, his closest confidential secretary, he was particularly lonely in his old age.
The New Year’s Eve in 1976, the last New Year’s Eve before Chairman Mao’s death, was a particularly deserted New Year’s Eve.
The temperature that day was very low and the atmosphere was not high. It was dim beside the Zhongnanhai Swimming Pool, Chairman Mao’s residence at the time, with only faint street lights lit.
Zhang Yufeng still remembers clearly that Chairman Mao had difficulty swallowing at that time, and his appetite was not strong. She only ate a few mouthfuls under the spoonful of feeding. .
After eating, everyone sent Chairman Mao to the living room to rest. Chairman Mao, who was leaning on the sofa, heard the sound of firecrackers in the distance, so he went to work with his side. The staff said:“You guys also put some firecrackers.”
After a while, firecrackers also sounded beside the Zhongnanhai swimming pool, and there was a little Chinese New Year atmosphere here, and Chairman Mao also smiled slightly.
Chairman Mao asked the staff to set off some firecrackers. In addition to letting young people spend the festival, why didn’t he use the sound of firecrackers to dispel a little bit of loneliness in his heart?
After all, on New Year’s Eve this year, his relatives and children were not around, and there were no visitors, only him and a few staff around him.
Any old man hopes that his children and grandchildren can enjoy the happiness of family in his later years; he also hopes that his old friends will be around, and he can also talk about the past Funny.
However, for Chairman Mao, it is not easy to get the happiness of this ordinary old man.
In 1976, Chairman Mao’s old Comrades in arms are running out.
Before the death of Chairman Mao, only 4 of the top ten marshals of our country were still alive.
Among them, Marshal Luo Ronghuan passed away on December 16, 1963, and Chairman Mao came to the Beijing Hospital the next day to bid farewell to his old comrades whom he had relied on for many years and wrote for him A song”Seven Lü·Diao Luo Ronghuan Comrade”.
The last memorial service attended by Chairman Mao currently available , Is the memorial service of Marshal Chen Yi.
On January 6, 1972, Marshal Chen Yi passed away due to illness. The two have been very close comrades-in-arms since the Jinggangshan period. In a special period, Marshal Chen Yi also received some unfair treatment, but he insisted on working tirelessly for the party and the country.
When reviewing General Chen Yi’s eulogy, Chairman Mao deleted He wrote the evaluation part of the merits and demerits, and said that these”should not be done at the memorial service.”
At that time, no one thought that Chairman Mao would attend the memorial service of Marshal Chen. At that time, his The body is not very good anymore.
However, more than an hour before the memorial service, Chairman Mao suddenly insisted on attending. A coat to keep out the cold and set off.
At that time, the time of arrival was still very early. Chairman Mao first went to see Comrade Zhang Qian, the widow of Marshal Chen Yi. He couldn’t help seeing her sad look. She burst into tears.
After attending the memorial service, Chairman Mao was very tired and tired. He couldn’t get on the car after several steps. Later, he was helped by the staff. Just barely got into the car. His condition deteriorated rapidly thereafter, and he even went into shock on February 12 of that year.
According to the doctor’s recollection, Chairman Mao’s physical condition never recovered after this serious illness. Later, he did not attend the memorial service of any old comrades-in-arms, mainly because of physical reasons that were really not allowed.
Since then, the death of many old comrades-in-arms has a great impact on Chairman Mao , Some can even be called blows.
Chairman Mao’s nurse Lan Guiying recalled that Comrade Dong Biwu passed away on April 2, 1975. Chairman Mao was stunned for a long time when he heard the news. I haven’t spoken for a long time, and I haven’t eaten for a day.
He just kept listening to Zhang Yuanqian’s”He Bridegroom Sending Hu Bangheng to New South Wales” and changed the last two sentences of the poem to”Jun Let’s go, let’s look back.”
Dong Biwu and Chairman Mao attended the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China. They are many years old Red Army fighters and one of the outstanding leaders.
After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, he devoted considerable effort to the restoration of my country’s seat in the United Nations and the construction of my country’s economic system, especially the establishment of the currency system. .
It has been half a century since Dong Biwu, who was already 90 years old, and Chairman Mao had been acquainted with each other to fight for their ideals. How could Chairman Mao not be shaken by the death of such an old friend.
Speaking of the greatest impact on Chairman Mao, we must count The death of Premier Zhou and President Zhu.
These three great men died in 1976. Premier Zhou was the first to pass away on January 8 of that year; Mr. Zhu Bid farewell to the world on July 6.
The messageof the death of Premier Zhou >, the staff around him dare not tell Chairman Mao.
After Premier Zhou passed away on the morning of January 8, the news was sent to Chairman Mao’s residence as soon as possible. At that time, Chairman Mao was lying on his side reading a book, and he stayed up all night.
Meng Jinyun, a nurse next to Chairman Mao, was on duty in the bedroom at that time. She heard the sound of people walking in the hall outside, and knew that someone had brought something or news. She went out and saw a message for news. White paper, the content recorded on the paper also surprised her.
After calming down, Nurse Meng stuffed the paper into her pocket and returned quietly. She saw that Chairman Mao was still reading but didn’t notice. Go out by myself.
Meng Jinyun also picked up a book to read, but he couldn’t concentrate all the time.
This must be told to Chairman Mao, but How can we speak a little bit more slowly, so that Chairman Mao’s mood does not fluctuate too much, so as to avoid major physical problems?
She thought about it for a long time, and finally decided to wait for Chairman Mao to sleep.
After lunch, Chairman Mao rested for about two hours. At about three o’clock in the afternoon, the Politburo sent Premier Zhou’s obituary for proof. This is a must The chairman reviewed and approved.
Nurse Meng paid attention to the chairman’s mental state and felt it was okay. So in the afternoon when she read the newspaper to Chairman Mao, she read some other content casually. Then he pretended to inadvertently picked up the obituary and read the first sentence:
“The great proletarian revolutionist of the Chinese people and the outstanding communist fighter Zhou Enlai Comrade, because of cancer treatment ineffective, he passed away on January 8, 1976…”
Chairman Mao originally closed his eyes and listened to her reading the newspaper. Suddenly, his eyes widened. After reacting, he nodded to indicate that he knew, and closed his eyes again.
In a moment, Chairman Mao’s eye socket I couldn’t hold my tears anymore, and one tear fell down my face. Nurse Xiao Meng’s sadness was also uncontrollable, and she couldn’t help crying too. While crying, she finished reading the obituary, and Chairman Mao didn’t say a word during the whole process.
Nurse Meng later recalled, The chairperson didn’t enter the room again that day, and didn’t read much about the book, so he stayed in the room. After sitting for a long, long time, from time to time, quietly chanting the word”Enlai”.
Although his body no longer allows him to attend the memorial service, Chairman Mao sent a wreath as a farewell to Premier Zhou. the way.
The death of President Zhu is another time for Chairman Mao A huge blow.
On June 26, 1976, Mr. Zhu was hospitalized due to a cold that deteriorated into pneumonia, and 10 days later, on July 6, the rescue failed. died.
Hua Guofeng, who presided over the daily work of the Central Committee, rushed to Chairman Mao’s ward and reported the news to him.
The chairman finished a rescue at that time, and not long after waking up from a coma, he heard the news that made him very sad.
He asked with a dumb voice:“What disease did Mr. Zhu have? ? Why so soon……”
After listening to Hua Guofeng’s report on Mr. Zhu’s condition, he asked the other party to take care of the funeral. . Then he sighed:“Zhu Mao cannot be separated. Now Zhu has gone to see Marx, and I am almost there!”
Chairman Mao and President Zhu have cooperated very happily since the meeting in Jinggangshan in 1928, and the relationship is also very close. They have been very close for the next 48 years. There are few things that disagree.
Especially during the war, two persons Almost inseparable, this is known as”Zhu Mao”. This is not only a respect for the two, but also everyone’s affirmation of their friendship and achievements. The death of President Zhu is the last straw for Chairman Mao.
Except for the deaths of old comrades, which caused Chairman Mao’s repeated blows and depressions, most of the children in their later years Not by his side is also one of the important reasons why he feels lonely.
Chairman Mao has no fate with children. He and his four wives have a total of 10 children, but they live a long life. There are only four older ones, and only one son and two daughters are left behind by marrying a wife and having children.
Chairman Mao and his first wife, Roche, have no deep feelings, and the two have no children. His eldest son Mao Anying was born in 1922, he and Yang Kaihui’s child.
Mao Anying was arrested by Hunan warlord He Jian with his mother when he was 8 years old. After being released on bail, he came to Shanghai. In 1936, he was arranged to study in the Soviet Union. It was not until 1946. Go back to his father again.
According to the old comrade’s recollection, Chairman Mao went to the airport to meet his eldest son when he was ill. After seeing him, his mood and health improved a lot.
However, Mao Anying didn’t get along with her father for a long time. Most of the time, he worked at the grassroots at the request of Chairman Mao.
In 1950, he went on an expedition with the volunteer army North Korea , Served as Russian translator and confidential secretary in the headquarters. On November 25 of that year, Mao Anying, who was only 28 years old, was in an airstrike by the US military.sacrifice.
At that time, the war was at a critical stage and Chairman Mao was also catching a cold. Premier Zhou temporarily suppressed President Peng for the sake of the war and Chairman Mao’s physical considerations. Telegram.
It was not until January 2, 1951 that the US military lost the third battle and retreated across the board before the telegram was handed over to Chairman Mao.
Chairman Mao watched a short telegram for a long, long time, and finally said:“Well, there will always be casualties in war.” However, that night he took a car to Shijiazhuang to recuperate.
Chairman Mao and Yang Kaihui had three boys together. The third son, Mao Anlong, was born in February 1927. He and his eldest brother Mao Anying entered the Shanghai Datong Kindergarten in early 1931. However, he died of illness shortly afterwards, and some people said he was lost. Up.
In short, Chairman Mao lost his little son.
Among his three children with Yang Kaihui, only Mao Anqing Survived. He hid in the Soviet Union for many years, and often did not dare to admit that he was Chairman Mao’s child.
But this is not to say that Chairman Mao is not good to his son.
The father and son often communicated. Mao Anqing was 36 years old and had not fallen in love. Chairman Mao once wrote to him to provide some suggestions. When the wife of the last chairman criticized Mao Anqing, Chairman Mao also stood up to defend his son.
Under the encouragement of his father, Mao Anqing found his true love and became an excellent translator.
Later, Chairman Mao did not often go to see Mao Anqing.
Someone once asked the chairman face-to-face why he didn’t take a look at Mao Anqing, who was ill at the time.
Chairman Mao was silent for a while after listening, and then said, When I see him, I think of his sacrificed mother Yang Kaihui, his elder brother Mao Anying, who also sacrificed, and the bumps and so many sacrifices in the war era…
Li Min, who went to visit Chairman Mao at the beginning of this article, is the only child conceived by Chairman Mao and his third wife He Zizhen, who has grown up and survived safely.
1936 In winter, Li Min was born in Baoan County, northern Shaanxi.
The nickname”Jiaojiao” comes from Deng Yingchao. At that time, she rushed to congratulate Chairman Mao and He Zizhen, saw the newborn little girl, and said affectionately One sentence:“What a little girl!”
So Jiaojiao became Li Min’s nickname.
Some people may be curious, why is Chairman Mao’s daughter named Li?
Chairman Mao, Premier Zhou and others commanded the national war in northern Shaanxi, In order to meet the needs of the war, everyone gave themselves a code name, Chairman Mao’s code name is called”Li Desheng”, which means that we will definitely win.
So Chairman Mao’s two daughters are named Li Min and Li Ne.
Speaking of which, He Zizhen is also a very hard-working mother. Of the six children she gave birth to, Li Min is the only one confirmed to grow up.
The first child of the two was named Mao Jinhua. However, when this daughter was born, the situation in the Red Army was very precarious. It is about to hit the Red Army garrison, and the Red Army is already doing transfer work.
The husband and wife were forced to foster this daughter in the home of a local fellow, but they couldn’t find it after returning. After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, it was found after many investigations that it was possible, but it was never officially recognized by Chairman Mao.
The second child was a boy, but he died soon after he was born because of his weakness, which brought He Zizhen a great blow.
Fortunately, the third son Mao Anhong was born soon. He was also unfortunate when he was born, just when the Red Army was about to start the Long March. Chairman Mao gave the child to his third brother Mao Zetan in foster care.
However, after Mao Zetan’s death in 1935, this child also lost the news.
The fourth child’s experience is similar.
During the Long March of the Red Army, He Zizhen gave birth to her fourth child on a stretcher. Under the anxious battle conditions, He Zizhen obviously couldn’t take good care of him, so he could only spend four silver dollars to entrust him to the local fellow.
Under time constraints, He Zizhen did not leave any tokens, so searching for this child became a difficult task.
Li Min was born in 1936, this is Chairman Mao and He Zizhen The only healthy daughter of the two.
In 1937, He Zizhen gave birth to the last child of the two in the Soviet Union, named Liao Wa in Russian.
However, this child’s life is also very bad. He died of pneumonia when he was a month old.
Of the six children born, it is certain that only one daughter is alive. What a pain for a mother.
After arriving in the Soviet Union, He Zizhen’s other expectations failed to materialize—the Soviet doctors also failed to help her remove the shrapnel from her body. These shrapnel later accompanied her for life.
Because He Zizhen was in poor health and mentally unstable at the time, Chairman Mao sent their only daughter to live with her.
At that time, Li Min’s two older brothers, Mao Anying and Mao Anying, were also studying in the Soviet Union. These days are very happy for her.
At that time, because He Zizhen was arguing with Chairman Mao, she did not allow her daughter’s surname Mao. She only used the nickname Jiao Jiao given to her by Chairman Mao. The mother’s surname is He Jiaojiao.
Later, He Zizhen was sent to a mental hospital due to being framed, and Li Min was sent to the Ivanovo International Children’s Hospital. Live like an orphan.
Because her mother always rejected the existence of her father when she was young, she did not know that Chairman Mao was her father.
Years later, she still remembers that there were many great figures on the walls of the Ivanovo Children’s Home, My brother pointed to one of the pictures and told her that this was her father. She didn’t believe it at the time, thinking that his brother was lying to her.
In the early years, the father and daughter were not deeply connected. Until 1947, 38-year-old He Zizhen was released from the mental hospital and returned to China after Wang Jiaxiang and others negotiated with the Third International. Li Min also returned to China with his mother.
After returning to China, He Zizhen was a little embarrassed because Chairman Mao had already remarried at that time. Li Min, who had just returned to China, was also embarrassed because she never knew that Chairman Mao was really her father.
For this, she wrote a crooked Russian letter to Chairman Mao, probably the content is:“I haven’t seen you in the Soviet Union, and I don’t know about it… Please write to me as soon as possible and tell me if I am your biological daughter, so that I can return to you. ”
After receiving the letter, Chairman Mao asked someone to translate it into Chinese, and he quickly replied to his daughter:“Jiaojiao, you are my biological daughter…Dad misses you and welcomes you back.”
In the early summer of 1949, Li Min, who had been away from his father for nearly 10 years, finally returned. When she reached her father’s side, it was also this time that she had an official name, Li Min.
Chairman Mao loves the daughter next to him very much. He always said:“My family has a foreigner who can speak foreign languages.”
This is like all fathers in the world showing off their cute and smart daughters, which shows that Chairman Mao loves her.
Later, Chairman Mao taught his daughter Chinese personally, and often took her daughter to Xiangshan Park to play, and the relationship between the father and daughter of the two was warming up step by step.
Like Mao Anqing, after Li Min grew up as a big girl, Chairman Mao approves of his daughter’s free love on the one hand, on the other hand he carefully guards the selection of son-in-law candidates.
Later, Li Min also became a bridge of emotional communication between his parents, traveling back and forth between Beijing and Shanghai, taking turns to accompany the two parents.
Chairman Mao and Li Min’s father-daughter relationship is very deep. The reason why there are fewer and fewer opportunities to meet later is mainly because Chairman Mao is fourth It’s because of Mrs. Ren’s fault.
Under her pressure, Li Min’s family moved out of Zhongnanhai. After that, every time they visit their father, they have to wait for a long time to contact and report. Sometimes they can’t get in after waiting for a long time. go with.
Even if you visit your father sometimes, if you meet your stepmother, you will be ridiculed for a long time. Later, the stepmother simply used her authority to prevent Li Min from going to Zhongnanhai to visit her father.
So from Chairman Mao’s illness until his death, Li Min I only met him three times in total.
The first time was shortly after the death of Marshal Chen Yi. At that time, Chairman Mao’s condition took a turn for the worse, and Li Min quickly rushed to the hospital to visit his father.
At that time Chairman Mao took his daughter’s hand and said:” You have to visit me often.” Li Min couldn’t bear to complain to his sick father, so he nodded with tears.
The second time was when Chairman Mao was seriously ill. Li Min deliberately rushed back from her husband’s residence to visit his father, but the stepmother only allowed her to take a look at that time.
When she arrived, Chairman Mao had been rescued, but she hadn’t woken up yet. Li Min wanted to stay with her father for a while, but she was bombarded by her stepmother and others. gone.
Until she accidentally saw news about her father’s condition from a central document, she went to Zhongnanhai again desperately, but at that time Chairman Mao was already very weak Up.
Among all the children of Chairman Mao, the only one who spent his childhood with his father is Li Na. Li Ne is also a clever little girl who is very much loved by Chairman Mao. However, she was not by the chairman’s side when he died, and only came back to attend the memorial service.
The reason why great men are great is that there are so many things we haven’t seen , Hardships that you can’t even imagine.
When Chairman Mao was young, he was with his comrades in arms, and most of his children lost contact during the war; his comrades in love in his later years After passing away, some of the children who stayed with him were sacrificed and some were not with him, which made him extraordinarily lonely in his old age.
He is still a wise old man, but he has become a lonely warrior, a lonely father.
Perhaps it is precisely because of the hero’s twilight that makes people more sad about his loss and sadness.