Money is freedom that is forged. ——Dostoevsky
What does money do? Gold, gold glitters, precious gold! Black becomes white, wrong becomes right, ugly becomes beautiful, humble becomes noble, and coward becomes brave. (Shakespeare”Hamlet”) As the saying goes:”Money is not everything, but without it, it is absolutely impossible.”
As we all know, money is an indispensable product in people’s lives. The use of money has not only greatly promoted the development of the world economy, but also improved people’s living standards.
In modern society, people can exchange the goods they want with a small piece of paper money.
With the advent of the Internet era, online banking technology has become popular, and paper currency payments have gradually been replaced by electronic payments. People can exchange money and goods at an equivalent value with just a mobile phone, and naturally they don’t need to worry about whether the paper currency is true or false.
We all know that ancient people were very smart. For example, China’s four great inventions—gunpowder, printing, compass, and papermaking— -It is a symbol of ancient wisdom. So how do they distinguish the authenticity of the symbol?
The origin and development of the prototype of silver bills
During the Northern Song Dynasty, due to the prevalence of Liao Gong and Yuan Gong, the The commodity economy is very prosperous in the Northern Song Dynasty. In order to facilitate the better circulation of large goods, merchants invented a paper ticket money that can represent the amount of money. This is the earliest prototype of the silver ticket.
The original silver bills were issued by shops called”span class=”candidate-entity-word” data-gid=”205930″ qid=”6537338398200304899″>Song Dynasty.
Until 1023 AD, which is known as the first year of Tiansheng , Song Renzong discovered the The appearance of the national treasury management of the Song Dynasty can be more convenient, can also promote the economy of the time.
So Song Renzong dispatched two officials to promote and set up Yizhou Silver Ticket Service, and Sending officials to supervise the production process of the banknotes, which are then issued to the private sector, known as Guanjiaozi.
“Jiaozi” is the earliest name for silver bills, and its issuance represents the ancient Chinese economy It is understood that”Jiaozi” appeared 700 years earlier than Western countries, or even longer. During the Qing Dynasty, the use of silver bills has been perfected.
As early as the reigns of Emperor Taiji and Shunzhi in the Qing Dynasty, silver slips were already available in contemporary societybills. At that time, the use of silver bills was mainly used for the circulation of small-scale money, mainly at the time money house span> release.
Strictly control the handwriting of bank notes The writing of
In ancient times, when people went to the bank to deposit and withdraw gold and silver with a silver ticket, the relevant staff would fill in the ticket amount . In order to prevent counterfeiting of the bank notes, the ancients stipulated that the person filling in the notes was fixed. Once the person who fills in the bill is changed, the bank will push messages to each of its semicolons.
So that people can better distinguish the authenticity of the banknote through the handwriting features on the banknote. At the same time, the paper used for printing bank notes is Sichuan paper. Chuan Paper is a paper that is prohibited from purchasing by Song Dynasty regulations.
At that time, officials of the Song Dynasty discovered a paper that was very suitable for making silver bills, with a smooth surface and craftsmanship. Complex and not easy to break.
and in the Qing Dynasty, at that time The Qing government even used white paper or Koryo paper To print the bank note. The fixing of paper and handwriting greatly increases the anti-counterfeiting technology of bank notes.
Use of pattern
As we all know, in modern society, the most common way for people to distinguish banknotes is through light The watermark method depends on whether there is a pattern in the blank area of the banknote.
In the distant ancient times, the ancients also adopted the pattern drawing method as the anti-counterfeiting mark of the banknotes.
strong>It is similar to the modern light irradiation principle.
The difference is that the pattern on the ancient silver bills is drawn on the surface and secretly drawn by the relevant officials. The patterns on the silver bills are drawn with a variety of dyes, and at the same time, its patterns are complex and difficult to replicate.
It is understood that the patterns of the banknotes issued by different regions and different banks are not the same, but the pattern is roughly the same. There are mainly flowers, grasses, trees, fish and birds, houses and so on.
For example, in the late Qing Dynasty, the banknotes were printed in the shape of a dragon, and complicated Manchu scripts were also drawn on the banknotes, thus improving the anti-counterfeiting technology of the banknotes.
The changing styles of banknotes
According to historical records, in May of the first year of Daguang, the printed text was changed to coins, and the following six characters were printed on the printing plate:imitation title, ceremony, number of years and back, and blue Color or red dyed ink is printed on the surface of the bank note.
In ancient times, the personnel responsible for the printing of banknotes The firm waits for conditions to print different versions of the bank notes. As the bank notes are updated, their printing methods are also changing.
Ancient bank notes are updated very quickly, basically the people who counterfeit bank notes Having just grasped the basic information of the bank notes, the bank has already issued a new generation of bank notes, which greatly increases the difficulty of forging bank notes.
The anti-counterfeiting of banknotes-the way of survival in feudal society
In ancient banknotes, there will always be a line The word warns people, and that is the words “The forger (silver ticket) will be executed, and the first informant will reward five silver ingots”. In ancient China, the system of feudal society was practiced. The supremacy of imperial power, the ancient emperor can decide the life and death of anyone.
And in the distant ancient times, the forgery of silver bills was robbed and even a capital crime, and cannot be pardoned.. According to Song Dynasty notes, the”Secret Distribution of Silver Coins Act stipulates that those who counterfeit silver coins must live in exile in a foreign country for four years .
Later, the”pseudo-law” promulgated in the thirty-second year of Shaoxing in the Southern Song Dynasty (1162) clearly stipulated The counterfeiter will be beheaded. The relevant punishment system has been improved a little as the times progress. According to Internet reports, anyone who participated in forging bank notes will even be sentenced to hanging.
Therefore, many people are afraid of the penal consequences of forgery of bank notes, so they will not choose to forge bank notes.
However, there were also some desperadoes in society at that time, and they were not afraid of forging banknotes Punishment system, so the anti-counterfeiting technology of silver bills has become more advanced over time.
Since the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, the world has entered an industrial period. From then on, the world has engines, electric lights, computers, cars and other products. It is human The crystallization of wisdom. The world is progressing, and mankind is progressing.
In the 21st century, China is a powerful country in science and technology, but China in ancient times was also called the world’s top ten ancient civilizations one. There are many anti-counterfeiting methods for ancient silver bills. With their wisdom, the ancients created anti-counterfeiting marks and related silver bill management systems, which promoted the economic development of the country at that time.