There is a saying in”A Fang Gong Fu”:”Six kings complete, four seas and one, Shushanwu, A Fang is born.” It was the establishment of the Qin Dynasty, the first unified centralized power dynasty in the history of our country.
Hengkong of the Qin Dynasty Being born, ending the split of the princes since the Spring and Autumn and Warring States period is undoubtedly a great progress in history. “The King of Qin sweeps Liuhe, and he looks at him!”However, what kind of land did the monarchs of the other princes who were annexed by Qin get? Qin Shihuang is also known for his temperament and brutality. What kind of attitude did he treat these subjugated monarchs? We might as well find out.
1. Kill the chickens and monkeys, first kill Han Zhaowei
After experiencing the melee in the Spring and Autumn Period, the Warring States Period finally showed a situation where the seven heroes stood side by side. The seven kingdoms of”Han, Zhao, Wei, Chu, Yan, Qi, and Qin” stood out from the vassal states and became the most dazzling existence on the territory of power at that time.
South Korea, Zhao State and Wei State belong to the Warring States Period The”Three Jins” in the Seven Heroes. According to the records of”Historical Records”, the land of the Three Jin Dynasty showed the characteristics of small land and large population, and the land was barren and unsuitable for farming. Therefore, the comprehensive strength of these three countries is not strong, and they are the first to become the united war of Qin Kingdom The primary goal.
inQin Wang swallows Six Nations in the ten-year campaign, South Korea was the first to be eliminated in the Three Jins. About 262 BC, the Kingdom of Qin attacked Korea, and the Korean king hurriedly dedicated Shangdang County to the Kingdom of Qin to avoid the disaster of war. After the Battle of Changping, South Korea was even more afraid of the power of the Qin State, repeatedly giving way, and eventually became the first vassal state to be destroyed by the Qin State. Han Wangan was also defeated and captured, and was household in Chenxian County.
However, Han Wangan did not end up under house arrest until death. A few years later, the Old South Korean Ministry launched an army against Qin, and King Qin executed King Han in furious anger. Fortunately, King Qin’s anger did not spread to his tribe, only the death of the Korean king alone.
The country that was destroyed was the State of Zhao. In the reform and reform of various countries in the early Warring States period, Zhao Liehou reused Gong Zhonglian, Xu Yue and others, restrained the kingly way with benevolence and righteousness, and selected talents who could reuse talents, which strengthened the country’s national strength for a long time.
But due to the long-term In the war of peace, King Zhao Xiaocheng was hit by Qin’s counter-plan and changed his generals. Zhao Kuo, who talked about soldiers on paper, replaced the heroic Lianpo, which eventually led to the killing of more than 400,000 soldiers in Zhao’s country. After this battle, Zhao’s vitality was greatly injured and he was unable to face the subsequent strong offensive of Qin. But Zhao’s monarch was not killed and martyred, but was exiled by Qin Wang Yingzheng.
Wei was the last to be destroyed in the Three Jin Dynasties. The State of Wei was the first country among the vassal states to become prosperous. The reform of the State of Wei Li Li and the formulation of the”Law Classics” can be described as a pioneering work in Chinese history. In 225 BC, Qin adopted the tactics of Han Fei by water attack The capital city beams who attacked the Wei state. After three months, Wei Wangjia was finally captured and the State of Wei was destroyed.
Of course, There is no clear record in the history of Wei Wangjia’s ending. Some people say that King Wei surrendered to Qin and was not killed. There is also a record of”Qin killing fake” in the”Biography of a Lie Girl”. Since then, the three Jins have been annihilated by the Qin State.
Secondly, take advantage of the situation and defeat the Chu Yanqi again
The State of Chu used to be able to fight against the rituals of the State of Qin. The”Historical Records” describes the Chu area as”traveling to the east, the richness of dreams, fish and salt, and its people.” In fact, this is exactly the case. Because of the superior geographical position of Chu, it is surrounded by fish and rice water towns. Chu State became the overlord of the strong military and the country early.
Despite the decline of Chu State in the late Warring States period, the lean camel is bigger than the horse.Qin State can’t handle Han Zhaowei as easily as it did with Han Zhaowei. Chew this hard bone. In the twenty-three years of Qin Shihuang, Chu State Xiang Yan fought with Qin Zaiqi and lost. In the second year, Qin took advantage of the victory and sent out generals Wang Jian and Meng Wu led troops to attack Chu State , Captured The King of Chu
After the capture of Chu Wang Fuchu, there is no record of him in history books. However, many historical data prove that after the Chu King was captured, the Chu general Xiang Yan supported Changping Jun Xiong Qi as the Chu King and continued to resist Qin. But this short-lived regime perished with the Qin army cavalry attack, and Xiong Qibing was defeated. . This seems to be the final outcome of the Kingdom of Chu.
The country of Yan was destroyed after Chu. In the legend of Jing Ke assassinating Qin, Jing Ke was instructed by Yan Guo to go to assassinate Prince Dan. After the assassination failed, the king of Qin was furious and attempted to use his troops to destroy the Yan, and Wang Xi offered the head of the Prince Pill for peace.
Yan Wangxi was the last monarch of Yan, but the head of Prince Dan did not become the amulet of the monarch. A few years later, the Qin army attacked the eastern part of the country of Yan, and Yan Wangxi was captured alive by the Qin army.
The vassal state that survived the Qin annexation battle to the end is Qi State. During the period of Qi Huangong, Qi also dominated the Central Plains, and it can be regarded as a veteran vassal state. Qi is at the eastern end of the territory of the Warring States Period. Perhaps it is far away, or it may be due to Qi’s neutral attitude towards the annexation of Qin, which makes Qin Qiguo’s subordinates, a powerful eastern country, show mercy. .
In 221 BC, General Qin State Wang Ben privately under the Qi State City. While Qin’s army approached the city, King Qin sent envoys to lobby Qi King to surrender, Promise to give Qi Guojun a title of 500 miles. Qi Wang Jianxin thought it was true, and the whole country fell.
However, the king of Qin pursued the strategy of insatiable soldiers, how could he fulfill his promise? After the surrender of Qi Wangjian, Ying Zheng categorically tore up the peace agreement and banned the small circle of the Qi Wang family in the common ground. He also put Qi Wangjian under house arrest in the barren mountains and forests, without supplying food, starved him to death. How sad!
Three, unified six countries, eternal achievements
Since then, King Qin has completely completed the plan of reunification, turning the princes scattered in various places into prefectures, and establishing a unified feudal dynasty.
and After unifying the six countries, Qin Shihuang made unprecedented new policies in order to consolidate the political power. Centralized power in the emperor, under the three gongs and nine qing to assist the emperor, in this way formed a nationwide ruling system from the central to the local.
At the same time, the laws of the country were unified and the country was governed by law, which laid the social tone for the rapid development of Qin State for a certain period of time. This spirit of innovation and reform is what Qin Shihuang has always praised for future generations.
The world praised the first emperor as the”emperor of the twenty-four dynasties”, which means praising Yingzheng for laying the foundation of feudal rule for later generations. Li Zhi also called Qin Shihuang the”Eternal Emperor”.
Qin Shihuang Ying Zheng inherited the throne of Qin at the young age of 13. Facing the era of princes’ struggle for hegemony, he kept a low profile and seized the opportunity to push Qin to the pinnacle of power in one fell swoop. His ambition and ability are not unforgiving, and it is not an exaggeration to call it”one emperor through the ages” in history.
its treatment Although the attitude of the monarch of the defeated country did not punish his tribe to exterminate them, he still adhered to the idea of ”cutting the grass and eliminating the roots.” Most of the monarchs ended up martyring their country. A few monarchs lacked traces in history, but fortunately, they were all misfortune to their descendants, and the descendants of the former monarchs were also hidden in the world. There are both merits and demerits, and it is hard to conclude about the life evaluation of the first emperor Yingzheng. It is good to keep the merits to future generations to comment on.