From the end of the Tang Dynasty to the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, it was a period of frequent wars. All forces competed for power and profit. If you sing, I will appear. Human lives are worthless like grass and mustards, and they can be killed at any time.

But in such an era, a legend with a compassionate heart still appeared. With his good thoughts and word difference, the lives of nearly a thousand people were saved from being squandered.

He was the eunuch at the time Zhang Juhan.

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Speaking of eunuchs or eunuchs, people’s first impression is immediately Those in the TV series are either sharp-mouthed monkey cheeks or full of insidious and cunning brains. Their speech drags a long, sharp tones. A pair of sinister eyes makes people feel involuntarily excited and feel uncomfortable.

Indeed, due to the lack of normal parts in the body, the hormones in the body are abnormal, which leads to changes in appearance and personality, which are not controlled by them. This is also their helplessness and sorrow.

If you are not a normal person, your mentality is naturally not normal. Therefore, there have been many great eunuchs who have brought trouble to the country.

The most famous eunuch of the Qin Dynasty is Zhao Gao. Although this Zhao Gao is not an eunuch, he can be said to have done bad things in the position of eunuch. Zhao Gao contributed to the death of Qin Dynasty II.

The eunuch Zhang Rang of the Eastern Han Dynasty, compared with Zhao Gao, was not much better, and finally fell into the water and died.

Of course, Qiu Shiliang, Liu Jin, Wang Zhen, Wei Zhongxian, etc. were also troubled by the court.

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However, not all eunuchs or eunuchs must be a big traitor There have also been many people who have left their names in history.

He was hailed as &34;the first person in the ages & eunuchs&34;, Gao Lishi, who died for the Tang Ming Emperor to vomit blood, and Wang Chengen, who never abandoned the Emperor Chongzhen, was loyal to the emperor. The eunuch was highly praised by future generations.

For example, the eunuch of the Eastern Han Dynasty Cai Lun can make paper, and the eunuch Zheng He of the Ming Dynasty will go to the West. These are all worthwhile People who look back on history.

Although the merits of Cai Lun and Zheng He are incomparable, Zhang Juhan’s merits are also countless for saving a life and building a seventh-level Buddha.

Zhang Juhan himself did not have any superhuman merits in history, but he was a rare stream at that time.

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So, who is Zhang Juhan?

Zhang Juhan, born in 857 AD, a native of Qinghe County, Hebei Province, is the tiger fighting hero in the Water Margin Wu Song is His fellow.

Zhang Juhan’s original family situation is untestable. I think the situation is not very good. The reason why he can continue to survive is because in the early years of Tang Yizong’s Xiantong, he was accepted by Ye Ting’s order from Zhang Congzheng. Adopted. Many people may not know the official name of Ye Ting Ling. Ye Ting is the place where the concubines and ladies of the harem live. Ye Ting Ling is the official in charge of Ye Ting affairs, and can only be held by the eunuch.

Zhang Juhan later became a eunuch, which was also related to his adoptive father. The adoptive father was an eunuch. Therefore, in order to live, Zhang Juhan, like his adoptive father, came to the palace and became an eunuch.

Fundamentally speaking, Zhang Juhan was a kind-hearted person and was more serious in doing things, so he quickly gained the emperor’s trust.

Because of the monopoly of the eunuch Tian Lingzi, Tang Xizong Li Chang only knows about playing and having fun, the government does not repair, and the society of the late Tang Dynasty The class contradictions continued to intensify, and finally the Wang Xianzhi and Huangchao uprisings broke out.

As soon as the peasant uprising started, this Tang Xizong who only knew how to eat, drink and have fun was dumbfounded. He could only learn from his ancestors to go to Tang Xuanzong and take refuge in Shu.

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Although the emperor is not good, Zhang Juhan is very Dedicated and fulfilled the duties of a courtier, Tang Xizong was awarded the post of judge of Rong Nan’s army, which should be a position with certain real power.

At this time, it was the first year of Tang Xizong Guangming, in 880 AD, and Zhang Juhan was 23 years old.

Time flies quickly, and in the blink of an eye is the era of Tang Zhaozong. At this time, Zhang Juhan was also continuously sealed for his performance. Promotion, such as being promoted to the decree of the Academy, and later promoted to the prince’s decree, the order of the inner government, and so on.

No matter where he was, Zhang Juhan was able to take it seriously and worked hard, and he was given scarlet clothes by Tang Zhaozong.

In the Tang Dynasty, the scarlet official clothes were at least the clothes worn by officials of rank 5 and above, and Zhang Juhan was only an official rank of 8 ranks, and being able to be viewed in such a different way by the emperor was indeed a matter of Zhang Juhan’s ability and character. Recognized.

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At this time, the Tang Dynasty was already full of dangers. Nearly collapsed, but Tang Zhaozong is still doing something and has made some achievements. However, the power of Jedu Envoys has been greatly expanded. , Formed a powerful force with the eunuch group living in the imperial court, basically to the extent that the imperial court could not control it.

Under this situation, Tang Zhaozong tried to strengthen the control of the various regions, so he sent a large number of eunuchs as supervising the army Stationed in each section. It was in this situation that Zhang Juhan was sent to Liu Rengong, who had already occupied Youzhou at this time, and did Fan Yang. Make the supervising army.

Zhang Juhan is a very diligent person, but he is also a person who is good at getting along with others. After arriving at Liu Rengong’s place, Zhang Juhan knew his role very well and knew that in the current situation of the decline of the central government, it is very important to have a good relationship with Jidu.

Naturally, Zhang Juhan and Liu Rengong get along very harmoniously. Of course, this is basically the same as the two-person three-view. The above agreement is related, this is also rare in the eunuch supervising army, and this also saved Zhang Juhan’s life in the later events.

Later, Tang Zhaozong wanted to summon Zhang Juhan to return to the court. Liu Rengong couldn’t bear to leave him. In this troubled world, it was hard to say that there was a supervising army who talked and speculated. So Liu Rengong asked Tang Zhaozong to let Zhang Juhan stay to assist him. Of course, Tang Zhaozong agreed. After all, this is also a means to win people. When he is the emperor every day, he can pull a helper.

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But Tang Zhaozong really has some ambitions, Tang The dynasty’s mansion was actually decayed, and it was about to die. He was also determined to kill the enemy and unable to return to the sky. All kinds of dissatisfaction were to press the gourd and lift the scoop.

On the one hand, it is the eunuch group that has always controlled the politics of the late Tang Dynasty, and on the other hand, it is the separatist forces that have gradually become stronger. And these two powers, the emperors of the late Tang Dynasty did everything they could to get rid of them.

After that, with the failure of Tang Zhaozong’s cut the domain, it was in November of the third year of Gwanghwa (900) A coup of eunuch broke out and Tang Zhaozong was placed under house arrest.

At this time, Zhu Wen, who had already taken the lead, seized the opportunity and secretly killed many participants. The eunuch of the coup d’état rescued Tang Zhaozong and reset it. Tang Zhaozong, who was regained from the loss of the emperor, was changed to Yuan Tianfu, and Zhu Wen was named Liang Wang. This is also the origin of Zhu Wen’s later establishment of the Liang Kingdom.

Since then, the battle between the eunuch group and the separatist forces triggered the siege of Fengxiang. Tang Zhaozong and the eunuchs were besieged by Zhu Wen for more than a year in Fengxiang City. Finally, in the last resort, another separatist rule was allowed. The warlord Li Maozhen beheaded all the eunuchs beside him, and then solved Fengxiang’s siege.

But for Tang Zhaozong, he went out of the tiger’s mouth and entered the wolf’s lair. He became a marionette in Zhu Wen’s hands and could only be at the mercy of him.

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As for Zhu Wen, he doesn’t do two things. In the name of Tang Zhaozong, together with the prime minister Cui Yin, in the third year of Tianfu (903), he began to punish and kill in the DPRK. The eunuchs, and ordered the towns Jiedu to punish the eunuchs of the local army prison, and swept all the eunuchs that had troubled the late Tang Dynasty for nearly a hundred years, and almost killed them cleanly. Only two people escaped.

One was Zhang Chengye who used the place where Li Ke used to supervise the army. This is also a very honest eunuch. Always loyal to Datang, he was used by Li Ke to hide in a water tank and replaced by another person to escape the catastrophe.

The other one who survived was Zhang Juhan, who was left behind by Liu Rengong. After receiving the order to kill the eunuch, Liu Rengong could not stop him, but he also used a similar method to Li Ke to hide Zhang Juhan in the Daan Mountains in the northwest of Youzhou and replace him with another criminal who committed the death. Escaped bad luck.

Zhang Juhan, who survived this life and death robbery, has been living in seclusion in Youzhou, because he did not dare to go out. Let Zhu Wen, who controls the court, know that he will inevitably lose his life.

The prevailing Zhu Wen is not satisfied with controlling Tang Zhaozong, what he wants is the entire world. Soon thereafter, he designed to kill Tang Zhaozong, and then let Emperor Tang Ai, the son of Tang Zhaozong, make a concession. He established himself as emperor in 907 and established the Houliang .

What made Zhang Juhan shine was that Li Keyong was besieging Zhu Wen’s Ze and Lu two states. Liu Rengong sent Zhang Juhan to help Li Keyong for the supervising army.

Under Zhang Juhan’s planning, he quickly defeated Zhu Wen’s army.

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Li Keyong sees Zhang Juhan is an eunuch, but he has A talented talent, he transferred him from Liu Rengong’s hand to his own use and was sent to Luzhou to be the guard of Li Keyong’s adopted son Li Sizhao. .

The reused Zhang Juhan really lived up to expectations. Not only did he do a good job in military affairs, he also implemented the policy of”teaching people to raise vegetables and trees, and benefiting farmers”, which is equivalent to the army supporting agriculture in later generations. Very good, the local agricultural production was quickly restored and won the approval and support of the local people.

What Zhang Juhan did in Luzhou played a considerable role in resisting the siege of Luzhou by Zhu and Wen’s army. It is a typical example of the ancient military and civilians uniting a family to try to see who can be the enemy in the world. Made.

In order to regain the lost Luzhou, Zhu Wen sent an army of 100,000 to siege Luzhou.

Since then, Luzhou City has been besieged by Zhu Wen’s army for more than half a year, using various tricks, all of which were beaten back by the defenders.

During this period, Zhang Juhan was responsible for the people’s livelihood and military material arrangements in the city, and Li Sizhao was responsible for the military, and the two cooperated Complementing each other has stabilized the people’s hearts of the besieged people in the city, and will not cause civil strife in the case of food shortages. In fact, this is also related to the people-friendly policy implemented by Zhang Juhan before, and the people believe in him.

After Li Keyong died, his son Li Cunxu succeeded to the throne of the king, and at the suggestion of another eunuch Zhang Chengye Next, led the army to support Luzhou suddenly, Zhang Juhanli responded to the outside and caught Zhu and Wen’s army by surprise, and the siege of Luzhou ended.

Since then, Zhang Juhan has gained enough trust in Li Cunxue’s army.

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Li Cunxu proclaimed the emperor after the establishment of the Tang Dynasty, Zhang Juhan was appointed as the Secret Envoy , But Zhang Juhan is very clear about the reason for his position. It is the result of the various forces competing for power and compromising. Therefore, he has adopted the method of being in his position and not seeking his own government. He has never participated in political disputes. If you quarrel with you and beat you, I should do it. What are you doing? One sentence is to protect your life wisely, let’s talk about it when you survive.

Sure enough, the development of the situation later helped Zhang Juhan, who adopted a clear-cut approach to protect himself, to tide over the difficulties.

After Li Cunxu became the Emperor of the Later Tang Dynasty in 923, he began to step up the expansion of the site. After destroying the back beam created by Zhu Wen, he turned his attention to Qianshu in the land of abundance, because he received a report, This former Shu emperor was very absurd. He only knew that he was greedy for pleasure and had no intention of ruling the country. The victory of Qian Shu should be a high probability event.

After recruiting soldiers before the war, in the third year of Tongguang, Li Cunxue sent princes Wei Wang Li Jixiu and Guo Chongtao to lead an army of 60,000 to conquerThe former Shu ruled by Wang Yan.

The last emperor of Shu, Wang Yan, like most of the princes of the subjugation, was a licentious and innocent guy. Facing the offensive of the Later Tang army, he didn’t even know of resistance, and he still played outside.

The emperor is like this, his soldiers and horses naturally didn’t have any intentions to fight, and they were swept away in front of the army of the Later Tang Dynasty.

When the army of the Tang Dynasty came to the city, the former Shu emperor Wang Yan felt that the major event was not good. He was about to finish, and hurriedly organized an army to resist, but such a commander, how could such an army be the opponent of the army of the Later Tang.

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have not yet fought, the generals surrendered one by one After the Tang Dynasty, Wang Yan was imprisoned in Chengdu with his backhand, killing many disobedient ministers.

After Li Jizhao’s army arrived in Chengdu, King Yan, the king of subjugation, had to leave the city and surrender.

On the day of surrender, Wang Yan, the once terrific emperor of pleasure, put his posture low at this time:in white, with jade bib, holding sheep in hand, and making knots; his men Where’s the civil and military officials? It’s the same, wear filial obedience and pull the coffin empty to show surrender.

This is the case for the king of the subjugated country. If he can survive, he still has to find ways to live. It’s better to live than to die.

Looking at Wang Yan’s strange knowledge, Li Cunxu didn’t embarrass them, so he temporarily saved his life.

After Wang Yan had lived under house arrest for a while, in 926 AD, which was the first month of the fourth year of the Tongguang period of Zhuangzong of the Later Tang Dynasty, Li Cunxu ordered Wang Yan to come to Luoyang Palace.

Li Cunxu said this to him in the edict, oh, old king, don’t worry, I will not treat you badly, and I will give you the land, the sun, moon and stars in the sky can testify. A man who says nothing is difficult to chase, he won’t lie to you.

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The king of the subjugated kingdom is very happy, and it seems that he has lowered his posture Still useful.

So, Wang Yan took his clan and former prime ministers Wang Kai, Zhang Ge, Yu Chuansu, and thousands of civil and military officials. Escorted, and drove to the east.

Maybe Wang Yan is destined to die. In April of the fourth year of Tongguang, when he led the widows and children all the way to the Qinchuan Post (Shaanxi, Gansu Wei level plain area), bad luck came.

It turned out that in March of the fourth year of Tongguang, Li Siyuan, who was sent to conquer the mutiny of Wei Boshu, had to join the ranks of the rebellion under the coercion of his subordinates.

The situation of Li Cunxu is not good now. The army of Yi Shu led by his son is still on the way back, and it is obviously too late for reinforcements. The situation was critical, and Li Cunxu had to impose a conquest against Li Siyuan.

Li Cunxu is about to go on an expedition, and the rear is empty, and he is worried about the safety of the rear of the capital.

At this time, an actress named Jing Jin gave Li Cunxu an idea. He said, the emperor, the prince is still in Shu and can’t come back, and Wang Yan’s civil and military officials are all there. There are still many of Wang Yan’s party members in the capital. In case they are waiting for an opportunity to make chaos, our main men and horses are not there. It is very unsafe to leave them. It is better to send someone to kill Wang Yan and others to avoid future troubles, your majesty. You can put your whole heart down to put down the rebellion.

As soon as Li Cunxu heard that this was true, he gave the task to the eunuch Xiang Yansi, and ordered to punish Wang Yan:”Wang Yan’s party, and it is better to kill.”

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The edicts issued by the emperor at that time all had to be reviewed by Zhang Juhan. He found that the edict contained The scope of”Wang Yan’s party” is too big. You know, it’s the scale of thousands of people. If you follow this order, you don’t know how many innocent people will fall to the ground. What a cruel tragedy.

Furthermore, the emperor had already forgiven Wang Yan and the others for their capital crimes, and now there is no rebellion, so it is impossible to justify the murder of them just like this. Therefore, Zhang Juhan took his own initiative, took the edict and pasted it on the post, and changed”Ying Yi” to”Family”.

We all know that if the emperor’s edict is changed without authorization, once it is discovered, the risk is huge, and the risk is huge. But Zhang Juhan, who has a good intention, did not consider his own safety at all, or Did this.

And Xiang Yansi, who was in charge of the edict, did not expect that Zhang Juhan would secretly change the edict, so he took the edict directly to complete the task.

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Although one word was changed by Zhang Juhan, the family of Wang Yan Zhang Juhan’s fate was beyond Zhang Juhan’s control, and Wang Yan, who was 28 years old, and his clan were all killed.

There is one more detail here, that is, Wang Yan’s mother Xu Xianfei scolded before his death that my son led the country to surrender. You didn’t keep your word and killed us instead. You will be met with retribution soon!

Wang Yan’s concubine, Liu, looks very beautiful, and the executioner is reluctant to start, but she is not moved. The country is ruined and my family is destroyed. I will not go back and die calmly. .

It seems that many women at that time were more temperamental than many men!

Fortunately, it was Wang Yan’s former civil and military officials and more than a thousand people who were able to escape the catastrophe because of Zhang Juhan’s benevolence.

Not long after, Li Cunxu was also defeated and killed in the war with Li Siyuan. Li Siyuan succeeded to the throne as Emperor Mingzong of the Later Tang Dynasty.

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This is the 69-year-old Zhang Juhan’s idea of ​​retreating from the rapids. In this troubled time, the palace is still too sinister after all.

Zhang Juhan requested to return to his hometown. After receiving Li Siyuan’s permission, he lived in seclusion in Chang’an and lived an uncontested old age. On May 19, 928, Zhang Juhan died of illness at the age of 71. year old.

Behind the old man, he was buried in Luan Village, Longmen Township, Chang’an County.

Zhang Juhan disregarded his personal safety and risked his death to change the edict to save more than a thousand lives. In addition, he has always acted with integrity and has been highly praised in history.

Contemporary historian Xue Juzheng commented on him like this:Juhan changed the word to the edict and saved a thousand people To die indiscriminately is not a benevolent person!

Ouyang Xiu commented on him like this:Juhan can live a thousand people with one word. A gentleman is also good to others, and he has no alternative but to take everything.

It can be said that in the chaotic era of the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms, human life is not worth money. Those who have experienced the blood and the sword have no respect and compassion for life. Killing is like pinching to death. An ant is so simple and easy.

It is rare for Zhang Juhan to still maintain a kind heart in that era, especially in the era when the eunuch was in charge. As a eunuch, he can do this and it is worthy of future generations. respect.

Keeping a kind heart is always a pride that is deeply rooted in one’s heart.