In 1918, there was an outbreak of influenza in Spain. This flu caused more deaths than those in the First World War many. Why is a virus so lethal?

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The world at that time had just experienced a terrible war, People hope to live a peaceful and happy life again, but what awaits them is a more deadly threat. Until the end of the war, many soldiers who fought in the narrow, dirty, damp trenches of northern France began to fall ill. The disease they are suffering from is called influenza by the locals. In the summer of 1918, soldiers began to return to Britain by train. They carry a virus that has made themselves sick but has not been detected. This virus has spread to cities, towns and villages. Fear and sadness quickly replaced the joy of going home. This virus specifically affects young people, especially those between 20 and 30 who were previously very healthy.

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In the military hospital, the doctor puts the patient’s bedside in the opposite direction so that the patient does not
Will breathe the air exhaled from each other’s mouth

Since January 1918, the media has reported many cases of death from influenza, but it has not clearly pointed out what happened between these cases. Correlation; on the contrary, they believe that the cases are isolated and unrelated. Some people have died of influenza in the United Kingdom, but Spain was one of the first countries to be found to be affected by influenza, so it has also received more attention. A week later, the attitude of The Times reversed. By this time, 700 people had died in Spain within 10 days. At the time, it was reported that in the two weeks since the virus”appeared in Madrid, more than 100,000 people have been infected in Madrid. At this time, the media deeply regretted their previous optimistic report and claimed that the epidemic was”no longer a joke.”

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An auditorium expropriated as a temporary hospital

So far, the flu has It spread beyond Spain and reached Morocco. The king of Spain and some political leaders also fell ill with the flu. In places where people work or live, such as schools, military camps, and government buildings, 30%to 40%of people are infected with the virus. The Madrid tram system has had to reduce the number of trains, and the telegraph service has also been affected. The reasons for both cases are the same:the epidemic is serious and the number of healthy employees has decreased. The medical service and material supply industries suddenly increased pressure, but they were unable to cope with the situation caused by the epidemic.

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Walter Reed Hospital in Washington, DC, a nurse is checking the patient’s health in an open gallery

The term”Spanish flu” quickly took root in the UK. The British media attributed the cause of the “Spanish flu” to the climate conditions in Spain:Spain’s spring is dry and windy, which is an “uncomfortable and unhealthy season”, and high winds spread microbial dust. Therefore, it is believed that the weather in most parts of the UK is humid, and this climate may prevent the spread of influenza.

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In 1918, Canadian farmers tried to protect themselves from the Spanish flu

Conspiracy theories are endless:Are the Germans carrying test tubes containing bacteria grown from various known viruses, trying to infect other countries? In other words, is it the fault of”the country of dramatic mystery” Russia?

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As this public health poster shows, people think that spitting will speed up Spanish
The spread of dental flu

Until June 25, 1918, British people realized that the Spanish epidemic had spread to their country. As of early July, the epidemic had hit London’s textile industry severely. In one night, 80 out of 400 workers in a factory fell ill. Doctors in Birmingham said that they were “powerless” and could not cope with so many patients. One morning, a doctor came to his operating room and discovered that nearly 200 patients were waiting for his own treatment. Due to the large number of people seeking treatment, pharmacists in Manchester had to introduce a system of limiting the number of people in line when dispensing medicines. The flu is also spreading in various unexpected ways. A man who was supposed to be tried in the circuit court for bigamy, but escaped by contracting the Spanish flu.

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The lack of healthy workers affects all aspects of daily life. City council staff had to dig graves for the dead, railway workers were forced to make coffins, and the ambulance driver’s vehicle was now a hearse. Just like historical disasters in the past, the plague has plagued Britain in the past few centuries. Due to the high mortality rate of influenza and the impact of influenza on survivors, it has brought considerable pressure to medical services.

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In 1918, in Washington, DC, two staff members from the Red Cross Emergency Station were providing services

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This flu spread quickly and spread all over the world. In the United States, the flu virus has hit people from all walks of life. It is said that President Woodrow Wilson was also infected with the virus; Cawthra Mulock, known as”one of Toronto’s richest people”, died because of the virus.New York. 40%of the officers and men in the U.S. Navy fell ill. One night, four women sat down to play bridge, but only one could get up the next day, and the other three died of the disease. It is estimated that 28%of Americans are infected with this virus, and death rates elsewhere are even higher. This epidemic has spread to Asia, Africa, South America, and the South Pacific; in India, 50 out of every 1,000 people die of influenza. What a terrible number!

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Some data:

20 to 40 million people died of Spanish flu in the world

An estimated 675,000 Americans Died from the Spanish flu

500 million people worldwide are infected with the Spanish flu virus

The mortality rate of people infected with the Spanish flu is 10%-20%

The only area in the world where there is no outbreak of the Spanish flu is Malajo Island in the Brazilian Amazon Delta

The year when the Spanish flu reached its peak was 1918-1919 (two years)

Although the flu eventually disappeared, many countries The scars are numerous; it also shows that the medical profession has nothing to do to curb the spread of influenza. The Spanish flu is almost the same as the devastation caused by the Black Death in the world 500 years ago. Even today in the 21st century, there is still no denying that the Spanish flu has changed the lives of many people, and people will never forget that the Spanish flu has affected themselves and their families. Now that the new crown pneumonia epidemic has once again swept the world, history has repeated itself again and again…

Content source:China Pictorial Publishing House”Natural Disasters”