Buddhism was also born in South Asian subcontinent’s Shamon thought and new religious movements.
As everyone knows, the founder of Buddhism is Sakyamuni.
So where is Shakyamuni from?
To make this problem clear, it’s not a simple matter Thing.
In the time of Shakyamuni, there existed many countries of various sizes and development levels on the South Asian subcontinent. Some of these countries have completed the transition to a real kingdom, and some are still at the stage of being mixed with other tribes; some are composed of a single tribe, and some are composed of multiple tribal alliances.
At the same time, these countries are not static, they often divide and combine. Therefore, it is almost impossible to find out how many countries there are on the South Asian subcontinent at that time.
It is certain that these countries that have just come from tribes or tribal alliances will not be very big.
According to Buddhist literature, there were 16 relatively large countries on the South Asian subcontinent at that time. In Indian history, this period is usually referred to as the”Era of Nations” or”The Period of Sixteen Nations”.
The sixteen countries are:Anga, Capricorn, Kassa, Guzalo, Pachi (Furizun), Moura, Zhiti, Pasha (Vasas), Ju Lu (julou), Banjaluo, Po Lai, Suluosa, Ashibo, Abandi, Gandhara and Jian Fusha.
Readers can familiarize themselves with the names of these countries in advance. Many of them will appear in the Indian epic”Mahabharata”.
Among these countries, Gandhara and Jianfusha are located in the upper reaches of the Indus River in today’s Pakistan; p>
Countries such as Gusala, Mala, Kassa, and Battze are distributed in the south of the Himalayas and the Ganges. North area;
Anja and Capricorn are distributed on the Ganges delta;
Julu (julou) and Banjaluo are located in Delhi and Meerut in northwestern India today. Around the area;
Bassah, Zhiti, Po Lai, Surosa, Abanti and other countries are scattered in the vast areas of India south of the Ganges, east of the Indus, and north of Wendia Mountain ;
The southernmost one is Ashibo, located along the Godavari River in the southern Indian peninsula.
The entire region involves today’s four countries, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. We cannot simply think that these 16 countries are all Indian.
So which country was the Buddha Shakyamuni born in?
He was born in a small country called Kapilavas (see picture above).
As far as the size of this country is concerned, it is not included in the”Sixteen Kingdoms” list; and when this list is provided in Buddhist texts, Kapilavastu The Sakyamuni who was born with the Buddha has been annexed by the kingdom of Jusala.
Kapilavastu is located in what is today Nepal, not India as some people think.
In order to compete for ownership of the birthplace of the Buddha, India and Nepal almost met each other, and finally the Buddha’s Birth Pillar of King Ashoka was unearthed in Nepal. The dispute came to an end.
Nepal is located at the southern foot of the middle section of the Himalayas, bordering China to the north, and India to the east, west and south. Surrounded by mountains, it is an inland mountain country with an area of about 150,000 square kilometers and a population of 26 million.
In many people’s impressions, Nepal is a mountainous s country.
Yes, there are 14 peaks with an altitude of more than 8000 meters in the world, and there are 8 in Nepal. The most famous of these is Mount Everest-China to the north and Nepal to the south.
What you may not know is:Nepal has a very long history , Not even inferior to its neighbor India to the south.
According to research, human activities existed in Nepal’s territory about 200,000 years ago.
(West) Zhou Xuanwang Jijing 29th year (800 BC)-another said that around 600 BC, local residents established the first dynasty in the valley of Kathmandu (now the capital of Nepal) :The Kilat Dynasty.
This is also the only regime established by indigenous people among the four dynasties in Nepal’s history.
The Kilat dynasty has existed for more than 900-1100 years, which is longer than China’s Zhou dynasty and has experienced 32 kings. During the reign of the 7th king of the Kirat Dynasty, the Buddha visited Kathmandu; during the reign of the 14th king, Ashoka of India came here and established a pillar for the birth of Buddha.
When the Kilat Dynasty was at its strongest, its territory extended to the Ganges Delta.
In the 4th century AD, some of the losers in the power struggle in northern India fled to the Kathmandu Valley, overthrew the Kirat dynasty and established a new dynasty:the Lichawi dynasty.
Since the Lichawi dynasty, Nepal’s history has a clear record, and many social systems with Nepalese characteristics have begun to take shape.
During the Eastern Jin Dynasty, the Chinese monk Fa Xian (click to see the previous article”Who had ever traveled to the West before Zheng He?”) had visited Kathmandu and also visited the Royal Palace.
During the Tang Dynasty, King Li Chawei married his daughter Princess Chizun to Tibet Zamp Songtsen Gampo, and brought many Buddhist artifacts as dowry, while Princess Wencheng of the Tang Dynasty was only a Tibetan Wang’s second wife.
During the Taizong and Gaozong reigns in the early Tang Dynasty, an official named Wang Xuance was sent as an envoy three times. India.
Tang Taizong’s 22nd year (AD 647), which is In the second year after Tang Xuanzang returned from India, Wang Xuance made his second mission to India, which coincided with the chaos in the royal court and the mission was robbed. With the help of the Nepalese cavalry, Wang Xuance defeated more with less, captured the tyrant Alonashun and escorted back to Chang’an, creating a legendary record of”one person destroying one country”.
(Southern) Song Ningzong Zhaokuo 7 years (AD 1200), the Lichawi were defeated by another group of people from northern India, a new dynasty-the Mara Dynasty was established.
These Mara people were quickly assimilated by the culture of the Kathmandu Valley, lost their original identity, and became Newars.
The Mala Dynasty was the most prosperous period in Nepal’s history, most of which made Nepalese proud of the art Products, pagodas, temples, and sculptures were mostly built in this dynasty.
In the 37th year of Emperor Lizong of the Song Dynasty, Zhao Yun, and the second year of Emperor Kublai Khan (1260 AD), the Nepalese artist Aniko led 80 craftsmen to China and built 9 temples in the capital (Beijing), There are three pagodas, the most famous of which is the White Pagoda of the Shengshou Wan’an Temple-today’s White Pagoda Temple in Beijing.
During the Mala Dynasty, the Nepalese people had very high moral standards , Almost reached the level of the”junzi country” in”Jing Hua Yuan”. It is said that people at that time must always take care of their belongings. This, of course, is not to prevent theft, but to avoid being added by others.
In the 15th century, the Mara dynasty conquered many neighboring states and expanded its territory to today’s Bangladesh. After that, the kingdom split into three parts. The struggle and tumult among the three countries has caused the Marathi people’s national strength to become increasingly exhausted.
In the 34th year of Emperor Qianlong of the Qing Dynasty (AD 1768), the Langerkhas who were active west of Kathmandu sent troops to conquer the three kingdoms of the Marathi and established the Shah (Shah) dynasty that has been inherited today. Some countries also call this dynasty the Gurkha Dynasty, and call the Kingdom of Nepal the Gurkha Kingdom.
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