We share the joys and sorrows, we know each other deeply; for the party and the people, we complement each other. Deng Xiaoping and Zhou Enlai, two great men of the 20th century, have their immortal names together forever, engraved on the historical monument of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!
Deng Xiaoping once recalled his relationship with Zhou Enlai:”We knew each other a long time ago. We lived together during a work-study program in France. For me, he has always been an older brother. People all over the country respect him.” When asked by his children about the person who has the closest relationship in France, Deng thought about it and said:”I am still the prime minister. We spent a long time together.” Back then, Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping went to France by ocean They did not expect that the ship went there. After more than 50 years, Zhou and Deng once again fought hard because of the sailing of the ocean-going ship. Mao Zedong praised”France sent well” and expressed his gratitude to Zhou and Deng who went to France for work-study programs and later became party and government officials. Approval of the military leader’s ability to govern the country and maintain stability.
Zhou Enlai supported Deng Xiaoping in different forms of protection in different periods. Beginning in 1933, Deng Xiaoping, who had worked actively in the Central Soviet Area for more than a year, was temporarily ordered by the Central Committee to”resolutely crack down on the opportunistic leadership headed by Comrade Deng Xiaoping.” Finally, Deng was removed from the post of Minister of Propaganda of the Provincial Party Committee and was affected by the party. Final serious warning” sanctions.
From 1927 to 1929, Deng and Zhou spent about a year and a half getting together day and night. Zhou is responsible for the daily specific work of the Central Committee.”According to Zhou Enlai’s suggestion, it was decided to change the Secretary-General of the Central Committee to the Secretary-General of Central Affairs.” There are still more than half a year to live in the same building. Zhou and his wife live upstairs and Deng lives downstairs. In fact, even in terms of organizational regulations, it would be unimaginable for Deng to serve as secretary-general of the General Political Department. At that time, as the General Political Commissar of the Red Army, Zhou Bu agreed. Although no written materials on Zhou have been published yet, the deep friendship that Deng showed in his later memories of Zhou is enough to show Zhou’s attitude.
Only when Deng Xiaoping’s”going down” and”falling down” came to the Zunyi meeting, it had a turning point. Under the protection, support, and guidance of Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, from the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the War of Liberation to the early days of the founding of New China, Deng served successively as Secretary of the Taibei Military and Political Committee and Taihang Branch, Acting Secretary of the Northern Bureau, Secretary of the Central Bureau of Shanxi, Hebei, Shandong and Henan, and Central Plains Secretary of the Bureau, First Secretary of the East China Bureau, First Secretary of the Southwest Bureau, Secretary of the General Front Committee of the Huaihai Campaign and the Crossing the River Campaign, Minister of Finance, Vice Premier of the State Council, Secretary General of the Central Committee, and Member of the Political Bureau. Over the past 20 years, such frequent job promotion has led to the outstanding talents of Deng Ben, the development and changes of the war situation and the urgent need of revolutionary work. Of course, what is indispensable is the special attention paid to him by Mao Zedong, who had already led the work of our party and our army. . And Zhou Enlai, who is quite familiar with Deng and has been in the decision-making level of the central leadership since 1927, has an important role that cannot be ignored. At the Eighth National Congress of the Communist Party of China in 1956, Deng was elected as the General Secretary of the Central Committee and entered the central leadership group with Mao as the core. Zhou was originally in this leadership group. As prime minister, he was in charge of the country’s daily government affairs. In socialist construction, they work side by side to continuously practice and jointly explore the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
——Excerpted from the 2014 first issue of”The Collection of Party History”