A group photo of the main cadres of the Yuebei Agricultural Trade Union, with Liu Dongxuan (left), Li Weihuang (right), Li Yuyong (middle) in the front row, and Xie Huaide on the left in the back row.
In Wazihe, Baiguo Town, Hengshan County, Hunan Province, there used to be a poor peasant family. The four father and son became the Red Army. Later two of them dedicated themselves to the revolution and became revolutionary martyrs. The long march of 5,000 miles ushered in the victory of the revolution. The father of this family is Liu Anyi, and his three sons are Liu Dongxuan, Liu Yaqiu, and Sheng Yilian (formerly known as Liu Congran).
Liu Anyi, a native of Hengshan, was born in Baiguo Wazi River. Member of the Communist Party of China, formerly a member of Yuebei Agricultural Trade Union, and served as a traffic clerk in Anfu County Committee of Jiangxi Province. In 1930, he was buried alive by the Kuomintang reactionaries.
Liu Dongxuan, born on the seventh day of October 1899. Joined the Communist Party of China in 1922 and organized and participated in the strike of Shuikoushan workers that shocked China and foreign countries. In 1923, Mao Zedong, then chairman of the Executive Committee of the Xiang District of the Communist Party of China, was assigned to establish a party group in Yuebei of Hengshan Mountain and established the Yuebei Agricultural Union, known as the”founder of the mountains” of Yuebei workers and peasants shaking hands and causing revolution. Later, he participated in the Autumn Harvest Uprising and served as secretary of the Qiyang County Party Committee. In June 1928, he was brutally killed by the enemy. The two martyrs, father and son, were relocated and buried back home in Ginkgo.
In 1937, Liu Yaqiu took a group photo with some members of the Party Committee of the Red Second Front Army. The front row left three Guan Xiangying, the left fourth Wang Zhen, the left fifth Li Jingquan, the left seventh He Long, and the back row second left Liu Yaqiu.
Liu Yaqiu, with the word Xinran, was born on November 2, 1904. In 1915, due to family poverty, after only reading two years of books, he dropped out of school to farm with his parents at home. In 1926, Liu Yaqiu, who worked in Jinshi Machinery Factory, learned that Yuebei had established a peasant association and immediately got up and returned to his hometown to join the fiery peasant movement. In 1927, he joined the Workers’ and Peasants’ Revolutionary Army, fought in Pingxiang, Chaling, Youxian, Yongxing, Jinggangshan and other places, mobilized the masses to fight for local tyrants, divide fields, and mobilized thousands of workers and peasants to join the Red Army. In August 1934, Liu Yaqiu started a long march northward with his troops from Guantian Village, Yongxin, Jiangxi. During the Long March, he served successively as Secretary of the CPC Yongshun County Party Committee, Dayong Political Commissar and Secretary of the Dayong Center County Party Committee, and sixth in the Red Second Army. The political commissar of the Fourth Division, the head of the Organization Department of the Political Department of the Red Second Front Army (co-edited by the Red Second and Sixth Army) and the head of the Democratic Movement Department. During Dayong’s tenure, he once established a Soviet government and launched a campaign to beat local tyrants and divide fields. He was ordered to eliminate landlord and bandit armed forces, help the masses build local revolutionary armed forces, and prepare for the establishment of independent camps, which grew to 200 or 300 in half a year. In the year he moved to Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan and Guizhou, Liu Yaqiu followed the Second and Sixth Armies to participate in more than a hundred battles, breaking the Chiang Jieshi once. The second”encirclement and suppression”. During this period, the Red Second and Red Sixth Corps successfully opened up the Xiang, E, Sichuan, and Guizhou Revolutionary Base, effectively cooperating with the strategic shift of the Central Red Army . In November 1935, the Second and Sixth Red Army Regiments withdrew from the Hunan, Hubei, Sichuan and Guizhou Revolutionary Bases, starting strategic transfers from Sangzhi, Liujiaping and Ruitapu, respectively, to cooperate with the Long March of the Central Red Army. Liu Yaqiu’s troops moved westward into Wumeng Mountain, crossed the Jinsha River, overcame the snow-capped mountains, and overcame numerous obstacles. In October 1936, they joined forces with the Red Army in Jiangtaipu north of Jingning, Gansu.
Sheng Yilian, born in March 1916. The Yuebei Agricultural Union was only 7 years old when it was established, and followed his father and brothers to report the letter. In 1930, at the age of 14 he followed his second brother Liu Yaqiu to join the Red Army in Jinggangshan. Joined the Communist Party of China in 1932. He was young and not very tall, and was affectionately called”Red Little Ghost” by Mao Zedong. After joining the Red Army, Sheng Yilian served as a mimeographer and propagandist in the Red Army and the 28th Red Army. Later, he was arranged to join the Red Army Corps and served as a confidential officer and chief of confidentiality by Peng Dehuai. In October 1934, at the age of 18, he started the Long March with the Red Army Corps. After experiencing numerous difficulties and obstacles, he arrived in Yan’an in November 1936.
Photo of Liu Yaqiu, former vice chairman of the Hunan Provincial Political Consultative Conference and the brother of Liu Dongxuan.
The two brothers Liu Yaqiu and Sheng Yilian are in different corps of the Red Army. With the same ideals and beliefs, they followed the party firmly, traveling 25,000 miles, and jointly walked the Long March. Afterwards, the two brothers joined the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the War of Liberation, making an indelible contribution to the establishment of New China. After the victory of the revolution, Liu Yaqiu served as secretary of the Chenzhou Prefectural Party Committee and commander and political commissar of the Southern Hunan Detachment of the People’s Liberation Army, acting director of the Shuikoushan Mining Bureau, and vice chairman of the Hunan Provincial Political Consultative Conference. He has always cared and loved his hometown very much. The situation of revolution, construction, reform and opening up. Sheng Yilian served as the dean of Xiangya Hospital, the dean and secretary of Hunan College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and the acting secretary of Changsha Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. After retiring For a while, I returned to Ginguo to live and live, often telling revolutionary stories for local children.
The story of Liu Jiasierlang, four loyalists, four Red Army, father and son martyrs, and brothers going to the Long March has been widely acclaimed by local people. Their spirit of giving up their small family and serving everyone, and the heroic spirit of not fearing hardships and sacrifices for the revolution, greatly inspired the people to follow the party firmly, not forgetting their original intentions, and their confidence and determination to keep their mission in mind, deeply infecting generations and generations. A generation later.