Source:Chongqing Daily Net

Original title:

Before the bloody war against Japan, they left a suicide note and went to death generously——

What’s written in the three farewell letters

getUrls?link=5364a217f92040a32d489ea844731b38 - Before the bloody war against Japan, they left a suicide note and died generously

Picture①:A photo of the officers training of the Second Branch of the Central Military Academy (Wang Chaokui, second from the left in the front row).

getUrls?link=7ce8b6e7fa133d2666c7dff44b65d299 - Before the bloody war against Japan, they left a suicide note and died generously

Picture②:Wang Chaokui’s farewell letter (partial).

getUrls?link=37c65b0653f577fe8b5ff6acf93e64f9 - Before the bloody war against Japan, they left a suicide note and died generously

Picture ③:Farewell letter from Zhang Zizhong (partial). (Photo courtesy of the interviewee)

One was the highest general who died in the Allied Powers during World War II, and the other was a junior officer in the War of Resistance. They were in the bloody battle against Japan, and they were on the front line. What are you thinking about?

On September 3, to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People’s War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War, the third batch of national anti-Japanese war memorial facilities, sites, and a list of famous anti-Japanese warriors and hero groups It was announced that Chongqing Special Garden, Zhang Zizhong Martyrs Cemetery, and Wang Chaokui of Wulong, Chongqing were selected.

On September 7, our city’s research experts on the history and culture of the War of Resistance against Japan announced the results of their research on the three farewell letters of Wang Chaokui and Zhang Zizhong. Their suicide note before the battle was moving. We can find the answer to why the Chinese people can win the war of resistance.

Wang Chaokui:”A man is to hold his purpose, to die for the country and be proud of the battlefield”

Who is Wang Chaokui? Why was he selected?


Back in 1937, on the eve of the Battle of Shanghai, a writing letter was sent to a middle-aged man named Wang Yongqin in Yajiang Township, Fuling County, Sichuan.

After unfolding the letter and reading it carefully, the middle-aged man trembled his hands, almost crying. It turned out that this was a farewell letter, and the letter was written by his brother Wang Chaokui.

“The descendants of this letter Wang Chaokui have been preserved to this day, and they are now in the Wulong District Archives.” Zhou Yong, director of the Collaborative Innovation Center for Research on the Rear Area of ​​China’s Anti-Japanese War and Chairman of the Chongqing Local History Research Association, introduced, Wang Chaokui was born in 1907 and died in 1941. He was a native of Wulongmiaoya Township, Chongqing City. He was commander of the 2nd Battalion, 398th Regiment, 133rd Division, 20th Army of the National Revolutionary Army.

In December 1941, the Japanese invaders furiously attacked Changsha for the third time. The 398th Regiment of the 133rd Division of the 20th Army of the National Revolutionary Army exchanged fire with the Japanese in the areas of Fujiaqiao, Xiagaoqiao and Xianggongling in Yueyang County. , Launched a fierce blocking battle. Battalion Commander Wang Chaokui led his troops to stand firm in Fujiaqiao, repeatedly repelling enemy attacks. However, before long, the 500 officers and soldiers of the Wang Chaokui Camp were surrounded by Japanese reinforcements. Wang Chaokui led the entire battalion in hand-to-hand combat with the Japanese invaders. The entire battalion died heroically. He was only 34 years old.

In this farewell letter, Wang Chaokui regarded himself as a dead person, and his ambitions for the country were clearly on paper. He wrote:In Wuxi, the Japanese plane bombed, so that the fire was not (extinguished) for three days, and was bombed by the Japanese plane several times in Suzhou. Along the way, I can’t bear to hear it, I can’t bear to look at it…”Yesterday, my ministry joined the line of fire. I hope that my grandmother, Er’an, will not think of males. Males hold on to their purpose, die for the country and die in battle. Rong! Please take care of your grandmother’s body, so that the family members and others don’t have to miss me.”

At the end of the letter, Wang Chaokui also specially asked his family to”please do not reply”, which shows that he is fighting to death. The will to regard death as home.

Historical data confirms that because of the desperate cover of Wang Chaokui Camp, Yang Sen’s 27th Army successfully completed the strategic counter-offensive deployment near Changsha, which caused the Japanese invaders to suffer in the south of the Miluo River and north of the Laodao River. Major failure, forced to evacuate. The Chinese army won the third battle of Changsha (also known as the Battle of Xiangbei).

As a result, both the Kuomintang and Communist Party leaders spoke highly of Wang Chaokui’s feat. Song Qingling and Zhou Enlai both wrote inscriptions on their martyrdom memorial books. Song Meiling also gave a radio speech in Chongqing, the capital of wartime at the time, and published an article in the New York Times, which clearly mentioned Wang Chaokui, who was”the last bullet in the war, the last man.” .

In early 1942, the then Fuling County Government set up a monument in Zhongshan Park. The monument was a cuboid and engraved on the front:the monument to Wang Yingchang Chaokui’s death. The other three sides are engraved with his life deeds.

In 1988, the Ministry of Civil Affairs of the People’s Republic of China ratified Wang Chaokui as a”revolutionary martyr.”

In September 2013, the then Wulong County Civil Affairs Bureau invested 600,000 yuan to move the scattered tombs of Wang Chaokui and the other two martyrs to Heping Village, Miaoya Township, and built a martyrs cemetery for the future. People admire. The eight golden characters of”Revolutionary Martyrs Immortal” are written on the stele, demonstrating their moving feat.

In the past 80 years, Wang Chaokui has been called”General Decapitated.” According to the”Chinese Idioms Dictionary”, a general who has a broken head and an unyielding ambition is often used as a metaphor for a general who resolutely resists and would rather die than yield. Zhou Yong said that the heroic spirit of”decapitated general” Wang Chaokui”would rather be a ghost to the dead than a slave to the country”, and it is also a portrayal of the indomitable spirit and loyalty of the people at the rear of the Chinese War of Resistance against Japan. It is the pride of the people of Chongqing. Wang Chaokui’s selection into the list of famous anti-Japanese warriors is to remind future generations to remember their great achievements, to remember history, not to forget national humiliation, to cherish peace, and to warn the future.

Zhang Zizhong:”The determination to die for the country and the nation, the sea is unclear, the stone is not rotten, and will never change at all”

“Zhang Zizhong is the War of Resistance Against Japan The only commander-in-chief of the group army who was sacrificed on the battlefield during the period can be seen from the two’suicide notes’ before his martyrdom, which shows his loyalty and national integrity.” On September 7, Zhou Yong showed reporters Zhang Zizhong’s Two farewell letters.

Among these two letters, one of them was to the deputy Zhang Zizhong, who was then the right-wing Army of the Fifth Theater and the Commander-in-Chief of the 33rd Army, crossed the Xianghe River to intercept the Japanese invaders on May 6, 1940. Commander-in-chief Feng Zhi’an’s handwritten farewell letter. The original letter is now in the collection of China’s Second Historical Archives.

In the letter, he wrote:”My brother is looking up like a meeting:Because of the total war in the theater and its own responsibilities, it is necessary to cross the river and fight the enemy. It has been decided tonight Heading to the east bank of the Xianghe River, after reaching the east of the river, if you can get in touch with the 38th Division and the 179th Division, you will lead the two divisions and the Ma Division to desperately fight to the north. If you are with the 179th Division, Thirty-eight divisions can’t get in touch, that is, they will lead the three regiments of the horse divisions to march north towards our ultimate goal (death). Whether it is good or bad, I must seek comfort from my conscience. In the future, both public and private have to ask my brother. Responsible. From now on, in the future or farewell, never know, this is Buda.”

Another letter, written on May 1, 1940, is Zhang Zizhong’s letter to soldiers. He wrote:”When the country has reached such a point, there is no other way but to wait for it to die. We must believe that as long as we can make this determination, our country and our 5,000-year-old nation will never die on three islands. The hand of a widow. The determination to die for the country and the nation, the sea is unclear, the stone is not rotten, and will never change at all. I would like to encourage it with all my brothers.”

Zhou Yong sighed, the letter contains a few words It is enough to see General Zhang Zizhong’s”loyalty and righteousness” and”heroic spirit” in rushing to the battlefield to serve the country with death.

Zhou Yong introduced that in 1937, when the”Lugou Bridge Incident” broke out, Zhang Zizhong once served as the mayor of Peking City. He followed Song Yuanzhe’s wishes and negotiated with the Japanese for a peaceful settlement. Zhang Zizhong had to face the danger, but he became the target of public criticism. Some newspapers and magazines even wrote articles publicly ridiculing Zhang Zizhong as”self-righteous”, even calling him a”traitor” or”traitor.”

“In fact, since the victory of Xifengkou, Zhang Zizhong personally advocated the war of resistance.” Zhou Yong said that Zhang Zizhong once said,”If the war of resistance was his own business, he would have been fighting the devils.” In May 1940, the Japanese army aggressively invaded Suizao and Yichang areas. Zhang Zizhong’s right-wing group army served as defense preparation for the Xianghe River. The situation was critical. Zhang Zizhong decided to cross the Xianghe River east to supervise the battle in person, and wrote the aforementioned two”suicide notes” before departure.”In order to show his determination to fight the Japanese invaders to the end, he took part in the Linyi Defense Battle, the Xuzhou Battle, the Wuhan Battle, the Suizuo Battle and the Zaoyi Battle without hesitation. In 1940, he died in the battle with the Japanese in Xiangyang. After his martyrdom, Zhang Zizhong was posthumously awarded the second-level general and became the highest rank among allied generals killed during World War II. His body was transported to Chongqing and was nationally buried in Meihua Mountain in Beibei. After the founding of New China, Zhang Zizhong was regarded as a revolutionary martyr.

Zhou Yong said that Wang Chaokui and Zhang Zizhong’s farewell letter clearly interprets the spirit of the War of Resistance:the rise and fall of the world, the patriotic sentiment that everyone is responsible for, the national integrity of seeing death as home, preferring death to death, and heroes who are not afraid of violence and fight to the end. Spirit, perseverance and perseverance belief in victory. This is not just anger at the Japanese aggressors, but a show of confidence to the whole world. This is not only a comfort to the fighting heroes, but also a great change in the face of unprecedented changes unseen in a century. It is a great deal to all the Chinese people and Chinese people today. Inspire.